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Small-Scale Farming vs. Large-Scale Agriculture: A Presentation by Matthew Vest

INCOMPLETE!!! :/
by Matthew Vest on 7 May 2011

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Transcript of Small-Scale Farming vs. Large-Scale Agriculture: A Presentation by Matthew Vest

AGRICULTURE LARGE-SCALE INDUSTRIALIZED AGRIBUSINESS SMALL-SCALE LOCAL FARMING VS. ? ? ...I don't live on a farm, so why does all this agriculture stuff matter??? W E L L . . . F O O D
MATTERS ANIMAL
STUFF PRETTY MUCH
EVERYTHING Agriculture stuff matters for other reasons as well... ECONOMICS
MATTER HEALTH
MATTERS WORLD POLICIES
MATTERS SUSTAINABILITY
MATTERS Why analyze the pros and cons of Large-Scale and Small-Scale Agriculture? HISTORY
LESSON BRIEF ...way back when (early American history) throughout the 1800's - As America enters the Industrial Revolution, the nation's agricultural landscape begins to transform Health Sustainability SUSTAINABLE UN-SUSTAINABLE No Waste=Few Inputs Raise Animals and Crops
-Cycle fields between animals and crops
-Animal manure fertilizes fields
-Hay and grain used to feed animals rather than sold
-Use animals for planting crops (historically) Locally Grown
-Don't require massive expendatures of fossil fuels to transport food Grow Different Crops
-Insurance against pest outbreaks
-Alternate between different crop in order to break life cycles of insects, weeds, and diseases
-Alternating also replinishes nitrogen in the soil Animals and Crops No Longer Raised Together
-more waste products to dispose of
-more waste inproperly disposed of causes runoff and polution
-More inputs required Specialization=Many Inputs World Policy and Economics Interview with Phil Mosser, a Local Farmer ARGUMENTS SUPPORTING lARGE-SCALE AGRIBUSINESS passing through the 1900's - Large-scale agriculture continues to grow rapidly, with growth peaking in the mid 1900's today - Industrialized agribusiness dominates the food production game with miniscule percentages of small-scale farms surviving Monocultures
-Easier targets for pests and disease outbreaks
-Require more harmful pesticides
-Require more inputs Shipped Across country
-Massive amounts of fossil fuels consumed
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