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Mayan Empire VS Roman and Chinese Empires

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by David Sherwood on 25 October 2012

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Transcript of Mayan Empire VS Roman and Chinese Empires

Maya Empire Achievements Sciences The Maya were extremely advanced in sciences such as astronomy and mathematics Religion Astronomy The Maya culture worshiped Nature gods. Some of the main gods they worshiped were gods of rain, the sun, death and agriculture. They practiced rituals that included human and animal sacrifices, such as bloodletting which is when the sacrifice is wounded and blood is collected for the gods. When making these sacrifices, the Maya believed that the gods would reward them with good rain seasons. Other rituals included dancing, ball games, and praying. From years of astronomical research they concluded to building the Mayan calendar which was a legit tool for telling time and the start/end of new/old seasons Mathematics The Maya were very accomplished in astronomy and are well know for their advanced system of star tracking and their complicated and extremely accurate calendar. The Maya calendar is the most advanced and precise of its time period. The Maya priests would read the stars and predict things to come in the future and record them on the calendar, much like we do today. Many people believe that the calendar is extremely prophetic and those events really are what is to come. The two main Chinese religions at the time of the Han Dynasty were Taoism and Buddhism. In Taoism, everything is considered to be natural and is taken as "just the way things are supposed to be." Death for example, is when you return to the god Tao. Ceremonies consist of praying, dancing, and hymns.
Buddhism is the practice of meditation, treating your body and life properly, doing what you wish to do and not what others tell you, and finding the purpose of life. Some of their beliefs are karma, that everything is connected, gaining wisdom, and not being strict on yourself. The Maya had also developed a very complex form of mathematics using a numeric system; much like ours today. They counted using a base twenty system instead of our base ten. They also had digits going from top to bottom in the number like in the picture. Mayans Rome There really were no significant mathematical or astronomical developments under the Roman empire. Roman scholars didn't contribute much to the sciences including math and astronomy, they were focused on literary achievements. The Romans had a religion of their own that took them years to create. Much like the Mayan religion,the Roman religion was centered around certain gods. Some of the gods represented love, the ocean, war, hunting, and wisdom. Each god had their own special day which was like a holiday. They were celebrated with festivals, animal sacrifices, and going to the god's temple. Each family home had their own small shrine and altar and they worshiped them every day. China Rome China China's developments in the sciences are harder to chart due to the legalism movements that occurred throughout China's growth. With burnt books and dead scholars, it is difficult to know exactly what is accomplished. There is little information on mathematics. The Chinese system of astronomy and astrology is pretty well understood. Similar to the Maya calender, the Chinese calender has 365 1/4 days. The Chinese also put a lot of effort into recording extremely accurate representations of the stars and constellations in the sky and to measure time accurately. Sources Ceremonies." Ceremonies. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Oct. 2012. <http://www.hermes-press.com/ceremonies0.htm>. "Ancient Chinese Astronomy." - History of Astronomy. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Oct. 2012. <http://explorable.com/chinese-astronomy.html>.
"Maya Astronomy." Maya Astronomy. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Oct. 2012. <http://ircamera.as.arizona.edu/NatSci102/NatSci102/text/extmayaastronomy.htm>.
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"Maya Mathematics." Maya Mathematics. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Oct. 2012. <http://www.michielb.nl/maya/math.html>.
"Mayan Mathematics - The Story of Mathematics." Mayan Mathematics - The Story of Mathematics. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Oct. 2012. <http://www.storyofmathematics.com/mayan.html>.
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"Roman Mathematics - The Story of Mathematics." Roman Mathematics - The Story of Mathematics. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Oct. 2012. <http://www.storyofmathematics.com/roman.html>.
"StarTeach Astronomy Education." StarTeach Astronomy Education. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Oct. 2012. <http://www.starteachastronomy.com/mayan.html>.
"Stock Photo - Religious Building of Classic Chinese Temple in Asia." 123RF Stock Photos. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Oct. 2012. <http://www.123rf.com/photo_6198167_religious-building-of-classic-chinese-temple-in-asia.html>.
"Vacation Activies in Sicily: Greek Temples." Spirit Tourism. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Oct. 2012. <http://spirittourism.com/culture/greek/vacation-activies-sicily-greek-temples/>. Built Empire Our ideal empire would be built on a strong, stable government. It would also be prepared to defend itself against exterior forces and be easily expandable. Lastly, it would have a well developed culture.
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