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2.10 Module project

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by Abdullah Zafar on 6 May 2013

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Transcript of 2.10 Module project

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli Project 2.10 Emperor Daimyo Samurai Merchants Artisans Peasants Women Outcasts The emperor is believed to be a direct descendant of the gods They are the warrior class. The samurai are the only ones allowed to carry weapons besides the shogun and daimyo.This prevented lower class from injuring upper classes Samurai are forbidden to be involved in trade or business. They do a job like bankers. Merchants must live cautiously because government can take away their jobs if they do something wrong like bragging about their work arranged for shipping and distributing of food the military ruler of Japan one quarter of all "useful" land was owned by the shogun Alternate Attendance meant that every 2nd year the daimyo had to live in Edo. The cost of keeping 2 homes kept their wealth down so they could not overthrow the shogun Sharing Power: the daimyo controlled local affairs and the shogun controlled foreign trade and relations. This meant th damyo could not organize a plot with the foreigners to ruin the shogun. Strict laws controlled the daimyo's dress and marriage. The laws also made the daimyo pay for projects in their territories which restricted their wealth as well. As well, the daimyo Tokogawa didn't trust were surrounded by his loyal daimyo. Then the loyal daimyo could warn him if an untrustworthy daimyo was doing something suspicious The daimyo were wealthy landowners. Daimyo were required to leave family members in Edo during their absence. This ensured that the daimyo did not misbehave because if they did, their family members would be killed. Daimyo had strict laws concerning dress and marriage. They could become shogun if they defeated the current shogun and were appointed by the emperor. They are protectors of daimyo and shogun. This level is because they are honourable protectors Without a master, they become ronin. Although this level distributes food, they are low in the social hierarchy because of the money involved in their job. Sons of artisans must do the craft their father did. They are below peasants and above merchants because
their work is beautiful but requires someone else's materials. Swordsmiths were the most honoured of all artisans because they made the weapons that protected the country. Artisans usually lived in towns or cities Peasants are usually farmers They are seen as resources or slaves not as people Peasants produce food which made them semi-important. Laws controlled every part of their life. They were forbidden to smoke tobacco or drink rice wine Women have to give their child an upbringing according to their class They couldn't own property. Women had no legal existence They must treat their husbands like "heaven itself" by always being humble, polite and yielding. They must never disobey their husband's commands. Rural women had more
freedom than upper
class women because they
were allowed to work in the
fields with their husbands. Outcasts were
leather tanners,
butchers,
leprosy victims
and some entertainers Outcasts are not allowed to change jobs. It was illegal for outcasts to be in the city after 8 pm They are
not allowed
to enter a
peasant's home. They were the lowest level because they had something to do with death or were diseased. Anyone who had something to do with death was an outcast. Shogun The samurai stood for many virtues
like honour, bravery,
unquestioning loyalty,
and self-discipline. The emperor is
the head of state The emperors have remained on the Imperial Throne from generation to generation without change There are 3 ranks of daimyo. Kokushu:
are provincial
lords who
produce at least
300,000
koku of rice
annually Joshu: are castle-owning lords who produce 100,000 to
300,ooo koku of rice a year Ryoshu: lords without castles who produce 10,000 to 100,ooo koku of rice. Koku - 4.96 bushels of rice He is allowed only to do symbolic acts
that unify Japan. The emperor is forbidden to take part in any political matters He chooses the shogun He also receives foreign ambassadors He has much symbolic authority but has little power. one quarter of all "useful" land was owned by the shogun Tokogawa Ieyasu was one of the most powerful shogun. He and his
descendants maintained control for
over 250 years. He managed this because of rules They had to be fit and agile. Their mind was expected to be sharp and trained by dedication to learning. Because of this, many samurai studied poetry and philosophy. Merchants were
looked down upon
because of
their
association
with money. Money had low respect in that time and merchants worked with money. They make many beautiful and necessary goods like clothes and cooking utensils Shogun held all the power even though it looked like the emperor did They were not as powerful or as wealthy as the shogun which is why they are below shogun and emperor. higher They will kill themselves if they did something dishonourable. This is what their short sword that they carry is for. They are in this
level because they
were primary producers and did not require others materials Women are in this level because they had no legal existence and couldn't own property. Because the emperor is believed to be a direct descendant of the gods he is the top of the hierarchy The shogun was appointed by the emperor. If a lower level did not bow low enough to the samurai, the samurai had the privilege of punishing them with death. They carried two swords - one was long and sharp enough to slice a man in two. The other was a short one. When times were peaceful,
samurai acted as tax collectors
and land surveyors Peasants needed permission to travel outside of their reserve. They live on reserves. They were the 4th lowest level. Thank You

Done by: AbdullahZafar
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