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2.10 Module project
Transcript of 2.10 Module project
their work is beautiful but requires someone else's materials. Swordsmiths were the most honoured of all artisans because they made the weapons that protected the country. Artisans usually lived in towns or cities Peasants are usually farmers They are seen as resources or slaves not as people Peasants produce food which made them semi-important. Laws controlled every part of their life. They were forbidden to smoke tobacco or drink rice wine Women have to give their child an upbringing according to their class They couldn't own property. Women had no legal existence They must treat their husbands like "heaven itself" by always being humble, polite and yielding. They must never disobey their husband's commands. Rural women had more
freedom than upper
class women because they
were allowed to work in the
fields with their husbands. Outcasts were
and some entertainers Outcasts are not allowed to change jobs. It was illegal for outcasts to be in the city after 8 pm They are
to enter a
peasant's home. They were the lowest level because they had something to do with death or were diseased. Anyone who had something to do with death was an outcast. Shogun The samurai stood for many virtues
like honour, bravery,
and self-discipline. The emperor is
the head of state The emperors have remained on the Imperial Throne from generation to generation without change There are 3 ranks of daimyo. Kokushu:
produce at least
koku of rice
annually Joshu: are castle-owning lords who produce 100,000 to
300,ooo koku of rice a year Ryoshu: lords without castles who produce 10,000 to 100,ooo koku of rice. Koku - 4.96 bushels of rice He is allowed only to do symbolic acts
that unify Japan. The emperor is forbidden to take part in any political matters He chooses the shogun He also receives foreign ambassadors He has much symbolic authority but has little power. one quarter of all "useful" land was owned by the shogun Tokogawa Ieyasu was one of the most powerful shogun. He and his
descendants maintained control for
over 250 years. He managed this because of rules They had to be fit and agile. Their mind was expected to be sharp and trained by dedication to learning. Because of this, many samurai studied poetry and philosophy. Merchants were
looked down upon
with money. Money had low respect in that time and merchants worked with money. They make many beautiful and necessary goods like clothes and cooking utensils Shogun held all the power even though it looked like the emperor did They were not as powerful or as wealthy as the shogun which is why they are below shogun and emperor. higher They will kill themselves if they did something dishonourable. This is what their short sword that they carry is for. They are in this
level because they
were primary producers and did not require others materials Women are in this level because they had no legal existence and couldn't own property. Because the emperor is believed to be a direct descendant of the gods he is the top of the hierarchy The shogun was appointed by the emperor. If a lower level did not bow low enough to the samurai, the samurai had the privilege of punishing them with death. They carried two swords - one was long and sharp enough to slice a man in two. The other was a short one. When times were peaceful,
samurai acted as tax collectors
and land surveyors Peasants needed permission to travel outside of their reserve. They live on reserves. They were the 4th lowest level. Thank You
Done by: AbdullahZafar