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The Pact of Biak-na-Bato

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by Antonio Trinidad on 3 March 2013

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Transcript of The Pact of Biak-na-Bato

The Pact of
Biak-na-Bato Emilio Aguinaldo established his headquarters in
Biak-na-Bato in the province of Bulacan In July 1897, Aguinaldo
established the Biak-na-Bato Republic and issued a proclamation stating the following demands: THE BIAK-NA-BATO CONSTITUTION A ceasefire was declared by both camps and an agreement between Aguinaldo and the Spanish forces was made. CONDITIONS: TO END THE CLASHES BETWEEN FILIPINOS AND SPANIARDS… Aguinaldo will receive P800,000 (Mexican Pesos) as remuneration to the revolutionaries and an
amnesty. 1. Expulsion of the friars and the return of the friar lands to the Filipinos 2. Representation in the Spanish Cortes 3. Freedom of the press and of religion 4.Abolition of thegovernment’s
power to banish Filipinos 5. Equality for all before the law. Constitution based on the Cuban Constitution Drafted by Felix Ferrer and Isabelo Artacho Signed on November 1, 1897 The Constitution provided a: SUPREME COUNCIL EMILIO AGUINALDO
President MARIANO TRIAS
Vice-President Emilio Aguinaldo Gov. Gen.
Primo de Rivera Pedro Paterno volunteered to act as negotiator The Spanish government will grant SELF-RULE to the Philippines in IF Aguinaldo went to exile in Hong Kong and surrender his ARMS IN EXCHANGE FOR WHAT?! 3 years SO… After receiving a partial payment of P400,000, Aguinaldo left for Hong Kong on December 27, 1897. Some Filipino generals, however, did not believe in the sincerity of the Spaniards. They refused to surrender their arms. …and so, Biak-na-Bato Fails WHY? The Filipinos and the Spaniards did not trust each other. As a result, periodic clashes between the two groups still took place even after Aguinaldo’s departure from the country. The Spanish did not pay the entire agreed amount. Meanwhile...
Aguinaldo in Hong Kong Meanwhile,
In Manila... Battle of Manila Bay May 1, 1898 First major battle of the Spanish American War Led by George Dewey Won with four deaths Battle lasted only a few hours AGUINALDO RETURNS TO MANILA... May 19, 1898 Aguinaldo arrived with ammunition bought with the money he received from Spain By June 1898, General Emilio Aguinaldo had captured the whole of Luzon and was ready to storm Manila with the help of Gregorio del Pilar MANILA = INSIDE INTRAMUROS Aguinaldo was firmly convinced that it was just a matter of days before the Spaniards surrendered. Therefore, he started planning for the declaration of Philippine
Independence. So, on June 12, 1898 In Kawit, Cavite Treaty of Paris Felipe Agoncillo was sent to the USA to try to speak to Pres. McKinley – FAILED Tried to go to France to attend a meeting between Spanish and
American representatives What was the Treaty About?? 1. Outcome of the
Spanish – American
War 2. Situation in
Cuba and
the Philippines TREATY OF PARIS IS SIGNED... On Dec. 10, 1898, THE TREATY OF PARIS ended the Spanish-American War. Cuba was granted its independence Spain ceded the Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico In return, the US paid Spain the sum of
US$20 million for the Philippines. LAST JOINT SESSION OF THE TREATY OF PARIS DIEGO DE LOS RÍOS, the last Spanish Governor-General of the Philippines.
His term ended on Dec. 10, 1898 when the Treaty of Paris was signed. THAT'S A WRAP!! UP NEXT... THE
SPANISH – AMERICAN
WAR
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