Prezi

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in the manual

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

The Aegean: Cycladic, Minoan, and Mycenaean Art

No description
by Shealie Jenkins on 4 December 2011

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of The Aegean: Cycladic, Minoan, and Mycenaean Art

The Aegean: Cycladic, Minoan, and Mycenaen Art Homer
-Wrote the Iliad
-1870 discounted as a historian
-Site of Homer's Troy discovered in 1870 at Hissarlik
-Troy = found in vast tell

Tell (n.)-- a hill or a mound, usually an ancient site of habitation. Mycenae Agamemnon and Achilles
-Massive fortress-palaces, elaborate tombs, quanities of gold, etc.
-Valued dead and afterlife simiar to Egyptians showing growth of humanity as a whole Minos King of Crete
-Told about in Greek legend
-Was to be fed to the Minotaur
-Minotaur = half bull and half man
-Minotaur housed in Labyrinth
-Similar to Khorsabad's Lamassu Civilization of the Coasts & Islands
-Same time as Egypt and Mesopotamia river valleys
-little contact = emerged at the same time on their own
-Forerunner of 1st European civilization, Greece
-Mycenaean culture classified under Late Helladic (circa 1550-1100 B.C.) The Scripts of Crete
-Two earliest = inspired by Egyptian hieroglyphs
-The inscribtions are in a pre-Homeric form of Greek
-Represent inventories and tallies of objects The Early Minoan Period Important Art and Styles
-Handmade clay pots with incised geometric patterns (triangles, rectangles, ovals, cylinders, etc.)
-Change from organic forms
Products of the Early Bronze Age
-Marble statuettes from the Cyclades (Female)
"Plank Idols" highly schematized decendants of the Neolithic mother goddess
Use of gemotric figures clear as well as female figure
Example: Cycladic idol, Syros c. 25-2000 B.C.
-Marble statuettes from the Cyclades (Male)
Usually musicians
More 3-dimensional quality
part of funerary rituals (death obssesion)
Example: The Lyre Player c. 2000 B.C. may have been contemporary with Cretan places The Middle Minoan Period
2000 B.C. Shift in Valued Architecture
-No emphasis on tombs, temples, or fortresses
-Instead focus was on palaces with towns formed around them World Changing Technological Advancement
-Invention of the potter's wheel
-Took place in the Old Palace Period
-Permitted throwing of vessels and thinner walls and subter shapes which led to the development of a thriving industry The Late Minoan Period The New Palace Period
-Between 1600 and 1500 B.C. (begining), end 1400 B.C.
-Palaces were destroyed and then rebuilt and Crete's golden age began producing the first great Western civilization Architecture Palaces
-The largest palace was the Palace at Knossos
-It is a rambling structure build against the upper slopes and across the top of a low hill that rises from a fertile plain The Palace at Knossos
-Magazines used to store wine, grain, and honey in large jars called pithoi
-Contained a large "arena"
This "arena" looked theatrical having two sides with steps serving as seats
However use is still unclear
Possible new form of entertainment (plays)
Possibly a forerunner of the Greek theater The Palace of Knosses Religious Significance
-Minoan columns on lower level show strong evidence of religious significance for the Cretans
The base of one of the columns on the lower level is surrounded by a trough that was used for libations Painting Paintings in Royal Places
-The Queen's Megaron
Elaborate decorations (typical)
Plastered walls painted with frescos
Frescos depicted much of Cretan life
Famous Frescos
-The Cupbearer
preserved in a sequence
shown in 2 registers
may have contained over 500 figures
shows blend of 4 different cultures: Cretan, Minonan, Egyptian, and Mesopotamian
-The Toreador Fresco
shows importance of the bull in several ancient societies

Vocab. Rhyton (n.)--An Ancient Greek ceremonial drinking vessel with a base usually in the form of the head of an animal, a woman, or a mythological creature More Significant Frescos
-La Parisienne
Cosmetic prettiness causes her to resemble a sophisticated, modern day woman/girl
Painting was the first of its kind
Artist did a fantastic job of matching the painting and the style which was a newly explored concept/technique
Read paragragh concerning prophetic of great changes in people's outlook on nature Santorini (Ancient Thera)
-sense and skill found in ruins of the volcanic island
-devestation dating back to 1800 B.C.
-volcanic activity perserved the city
The Springtime Fresco
-first of its kind (change)
-landscape painting
-artist celebrates the breezy rythms of spring
-forerunner of Greek and Roman landscape The Flotilla Fresco
-Combined seascape and landscape
Animals: dolphins & lion chasing deer
-Vivid details of ship design = artist knew ships well
Details: placements of steersmen, supercargoes, sailors, rowers, and passengers
New: casual arrangement of figures and variation of pose according to the role being played
The Young Fisherman Fresco
-Second example of focus on natural appearances Pottery and Sculpture The Octopus Jar
-shift from abstract spiral forms, scrolls, whorls to naturalism in decoration (particularly sea life)
-Octupus jar = great example
-Change from light forms on dark ground to dark forms on light ground (this style lasted: 1600-1500 B.C.)
Three -handled Jar With Papyrus Decoration
-1425 B.C. new style (stiff and abstract)
-Change from naturalism to formalism & abstraction
The Harvester Vase
-Increased self-awareness = humans represent themselves as they are (more conditions/situations, less restrictions to tradition
-gives a glance of man in his usual context
-large crowd of olive harvesters, singing and shouting led by a man who carries a sistrum, or rattle
-matching the mood to the subject The Snake Goddessesss
-not much sculpture in the round nor monuments of gods, kings, monsters = lack of value in religion (formal religion)
-tiny, found in palace at Knossos, possibly represented mother goddess worshiped by Cretans
-exibit rigid conventions, including the frontal pose (found in Egypt and Mesopotamia)
-arms are held forward making it look more active = new! End of Minoan Civilization
-Mycenaens took over without much resistense and ruled for about 1/2 century used parts of the palace at Knossos
-Final destruction of the palace by Droinans 1200 B.C.
-Importance as cultural center faded soon after 1400 B.C. and focus shifted from the Aegean world to the Greek Mainland Mycenaean Art Greek Mainland
-People influenced by Crete
-Mainlanders developed and held many cultural features of their own
-Mycenaen power developed in the palmy days of the new palaces on Crete = new splendid culture was flourishing in Greece
700 years later Homer gave the epithet "rich in gold" to this culture Mycenaean Culture
-allied with Crete and Egypt against Hittites
-awakening of Mycenaean world = resuld of 3-way route of influence
-immigrants from Crete emerged
palaces destroyed
Heroes/battles used by Homer in epics Iliad and Odyssey Famous Citadels
-Most impresive Mycenaen remains
Fortified palaces at Tiryns and Mycenae build circa 1400 B.C. Citadel of Tiryns
-heavy walls (20 ft. thick!)
-had actual plan vs. Cretan palaces with no plan
-contained megaron
-the megaron = rectangular with central hearth and 4 columns Citadel of Tiryans
-believed to have been built by cyclopes (Greeks)
-rough appearance not found in sophisticated architectural styles Malata
-many megalithic structures
-include: monuments, temples, tombs
-constructed of great stones The Lion Gate
-outer gateway of the stronghold
-protected on sides
-formed of two great monoliths capped with huge lintel
-triangular opening
-two lions carved in high relief
-sacred to Minoans
-heads = lost but made of different material
-similar to the Mesopotamian heraldic composition Inside the Lion Gate
-grave circle
an enclosure containing a number of simple shaft graves, covered and marked by stele
serve as king his family's tombs
1600-1500 B.C. Treasury of Athens
-Shaft graves replaced by beehive tombs which preserved "Treasury of Athens"
-dromos and tholos
-achieved by corbeled courses of stone latid on a circular base, but to curve the wall, ending in a lofty dome coverd with earth
-no interior supports largest unified space until the Roman Pantheon







Shaft Graves
contained riches
bronze daggers inlaid with gold and electrum = show Minoan figure-style and influence -- subject = Mesopotamian derivation, Cretan costumes, strength/spring of lions (Minoan)
Repousse (beaten gold) masks
Gold played a large part in culture Mycenae's productions
-famous cups from Vaphio (found in beehive tomb)
2, each made of two plates of gold
fagtened together, Minoan subject & related to the bull leaping ritual
scenes mompose a complete narrative
both contain people, trees, animals, rocks, and clouds The Warrior Vase
-represents Mycenaean soldiers different in costume and physiognomy from Cretan figures
-maybe last Mycenaean warriors who met invaders or internal enemies
-carry iron weapons
-success illustrates the historical common place superior technology can overcome -Aegean culture influenced and was forerunner for Greeks and their gods, through their artwork such as craft arts, metalwork, pottery, gems and ornaments in gold
-Classical Greek art decended from Mycenaean art The End
See the full transcript