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Family Influences in Juvenile Delinquency

INTD Review of Literature
by B Stickley on 3 October 2012

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Transcript of Family Influences in Juvenile Delinquency

Christian Studies and Psychology on Family Influences and Juvenille Delinquency by
Brittany Stickley
North Greenville University
INTD 2100 B.A.
Dr. Kahl Christian Studies: Review of Literature Studied the effects that child-rearing pratcices had on the delinquecy of children and adolescents Kiriakidis (2010) Overall Findings Improved parenting skills reduce the amount of juvenile delinquents "The improvement of parenting skills in the community appears as an interesting, satisfactory cost-effective and efficient alternative, especially within the line of research suggesting that improvement in parenting skills is associated with improved general socioemotional functioning of children and adolescents and reduced rates of delinquency in particular” (Kiriakidis, 2010, p.103). Stated that a parent-child relationship should be a collective relationship rather than an individualistic Edgar-Smith and Wozniak (2010) Kim and Kim (2008) Studied the influence of family violence, functioning, and parental partner dynamics on Korean juvenile delinquecy Strong family backgrounds lead to stronger senses of 'being' in adolescents “These authors contended that cohesive family systems led to strong adolescent identification with parental family values” (Edgar-Smith & Wozniak, 2010, p.197). Delinquency is heavily influenced by the parents of the delinquent "The present results indicated that delinquent adolescents showed more dysfunctional parental partner dynamics, poorer family functioning, and higher levels of family violence compared to student adolescents” (Kim & Kim, 2008, p. 448). Elias and Noordin (2011) Studied the effects and influences of parents on their children's behaviors Andrade, Bares, Delva, and Grogan-Kaylor (2011) Conducted a study on the effects of personality and parental processes associated with behavioral problems in adolescents Negative role models lead to problem children “The findings of the study indicate that problem adolescents come from problem homes” (Elias & Noordin, 2011, p. 426). Parents directly impact the behaviors of their children “These findings suggest that, as a whole, parents who properly attend to their children’s needs and who engage in positive parenting are more likely to be successful in guiding adolescents to engage in less rule-breaking and aggressive behaviors and develop less attention problems” (Andrade, Bares, Delva, & Grogan-Kaylor, 2011, p. 237). Psychology: Review of Literature Cambell and Cho (2011) Utsunomiya (2011) Ryals (2004) Furr-Holden, Graham, Latimer, Severtson, and Witaker (2012) Metzner and Wahl (2012) Studied the effects of family influences and processes on Korean students Investigated how the effects of a parents’ commitment to marital life affects identity formation in adolescents Reviewed the treatment strategies in the juvenile justice system Studied the effects of neighborhood and family influences on middle school children Conducted a study on the development of aggressiveness and the parental influences that caused the said aggressiveness Overall Findings The form of aggressiveness varied based on the personalities of the parents “Our data show a connection between the externalizing behavior of parents and the aggressiveness of their children” (Metzner & Wahl, 2012, 344-355). “This study’s major finding is… that maladaptive responsivity [sic] in childhood is stimulated by high-risk family environments (low levels of family cohesion) and disadvantaged neighborhoods” (Furr-Holden, et al., 2012, p. 135). Neighborhood and family influences greatly impact childhood “Regarding the satisfaction of victims with the process, 75% of the victims who engaged in restorative justice methods expressed satisfaction with the process” (Ryals, 2004, p. 21). Juvenile offender counselors are beneficial in the restorative justice process “In particular, it seemed that their interpersonal identity formation was impaired. It is also possible that adolescents, taking the parent of the same gender as a role model, will tend to view the commitment of the parent of opposite gender as the behavior that they can expect from their future marriage partner” (Utsunomiya, 2011, p.1321). The commitment level of parents to their marital relationship influences their children directly and indirectly “The developmental trends of perceived family processes and their influence on academic achievement significantly differed between general-education students and scientifically talented students” (Campbell & Cho, 2011, p.41). Children who grow up in conducive and supportive homes are more talented in mathematics and sciences Conclusion Parental education is essential

Supportive Environments are key for the success of children

Parental behaviors and attitudes greatly affect adolescents Church attendence is followed with greater morality

Parents have an immense responsibility to be positive role models for their children Andrade, F., Bares, C. B., Delva, J., & Grogan-Kaylor, A. (2011). Personality and parenting processes associated with problem behaviors: a study of adolescents in Santiago, Chile. Social Work Research, 35(4), 227-40.

Campbell, J. R., & Cho, S. (2011). Differential influences of family processes for scientifically talented individuals’ academic achievement along developmental stages. Roeper Review, 33, 33-45.

Edgar-Smith, S. E., & Wozniak, R.H. (2010). Family relational values in the parent adolescent relationship. Counseling and Value, 54,187-200.

Elias, H. & Noordin, N., (2011). The influence of parents in adolescents’ misbehavior. Journal of Social Sciences, 7, 423-27.

Furr-Holden, C., Graham, C., Latimer, W., Severtson, S., & Witaker, D. (2012). Neighborhood & family effects on learning motivation among urban African American middle school youth. J Child Family Study, 21, 131-138.

Kim, H.-S., & Kim, H.-S. (2008) The impact of family violence, family functioning, and parental partner dynamics on Korean juvenile delinquency. Child Psychiatry, 39, 439-59.

Kiriakdis, S.P. (2010). Child-rearing practices and delinquency in children and adolescents. International Journal of Special Education, 25, 94-105.

Metzner, C., & Wahl, K. (2012). Parental influences on the prevalence and
development of child aggressiveness. J Child Family Study, 21, 344-355.

Ryals, J. S. (2004). Restorative justice: New horizons in juvenile offender counseling. Journal of Addictions & Offender Counseling, 25, 18-25.

Utsunomiya, H. (2011). The influence of parental marital commitment on the identity formation of Japanese university students. Social Behavior and Personality, 39(10), 1315-1324. References
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