Some foresight "food for thoughts"... Drones, privacy, freedoms Drones ? Tomorrow ? Generally, when we speak of drones, we’re talking of AERIAL vehicles remotely piloted and with no or little automatism or autonomy.
This is probably a quite narrow definition of drone, regarding our subject ... Their legal framework is based on civil aviation regulations and rules.
Normal, but, 2 "flaws" :
-Even if we stay in the field of flight safety, those rules and regulations need to adapt to drones, even more to commercial and personal drones.
First steps in France in April, 2012
Purpose is to ensure flight safety, not to protect freedoms and rights. Current legal framework : a shifting ground Border control / monitoring Drones in the hands of Governments Commercial usage Drones in the Hands of... everybody ! Robots INTRODUCING DRONES IN THE EU CIVILIAN AIRSPACE
Computers, Privacy & Data Protection / 25th jan. 2013 Credits : XKCD.com BY-NC 2.5
http://xkcd.com/652/ DIY drones "Nobody Knows You’re a Drone"
The New Inquiry, July 2, 2012
By Trevor TIMM and Parker HIGGINS
"If the PC is a bicycle for our minds, as Jobs said, what are unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), when liberated from the military and operated by the general public? Instead of increasing our understanding, they extend our senses. They extend our vision, giving us “eyes in the sky,” overhead or across the globe." the new Homebrew computer club ?" "Is Ubiquitous surveillance Gorgon Stare « drones » = unmanned for the moment remotely manned « drones » = Flying thing aerial or non aerial vehicles
Initially developed as military tools and technologies, drones have actually multiple possible applications / uses.
Why do we care? (as a Data Protection Authority)
Those technologies (specifically, the ones you need to make a drone fly or the ones you could install as payloads on it) offer a huge potential in terms of monitoring, surveillance, recording and emission of data feeds, and in terms of geolocation
Drones are mobile and geolocated sensors platforms
Each days : smaller, lighter, more silent, more quiet, more discreet, ... Potentially very intrusive technologies...
but quite disruptive and innovative too... Crisis management Zone / infrastructure monitoring or Forest fires, .... for example international summits, fishing areas, street demonstrations, ...) Arrêtés du 11 avril 2012 relatif à la conception des aéronefs civils qui circulent sans aucune personne à bord, aux conditions de leur emploi et sur les capacités requises des personnes qui les utilisent et, relatif à l’utilisation de l’espace aérien par les aéronefs qui circulent sans personne à bord. take pictures / videos of people without their knowledge / consent Basically drone = a sensors platform a flying CCCTV During DroneGames in dec. 12, SF, a team of groupon engineers put an ARdrone on a leash, made it take pictures and then use facial recognition, and then tweet them when a person was identified. "Developers no longer need a PhD and security clearance to write software for flying drones."
https://blog.groupon.com/cities/groupon-hosts-the-first-drone-games/ How to apply the existing rules to these new issues? Law enforcement Brossard case in the US - 4th amendment
Probably quite early in France... "The unmanned systems industry is not prepared for the upcoming fight with privacy groups."
Gregory S. McNeal, "Can The 'Drone' Industry Compete With The Privacy Lobby?", Forbes, 8/13/2012 Lots of different use cases, freedoms and right directly involved A complicated theater of operations : government and law enforcement, data protection authorities, privacy and human rights advocacy groups, drones industries and lobby Ryan Calo : "Drones… represent the cold, technological embodiment of observation. Unlike, say, NSA network surveillance or commercial data brokerage, government or industry surveillance of the populace with drones would be visible and highly salient. People would feel observed, regardless of how or whether the information was actually used. The resulting backlash could force us to reexamine not merely the use of drones to observe, but the doctrines that today permit this use." (Ryan Calo, "The Drone as Privacy Catalyst", Stanford Law Review, 12/2011) Drones as Privacy Catalyst ? a flying paparazzi Illustration - Credits : Wired + Señor Salme some emerging markets Entertainment / extreme sports
"Go Pro 2015" "[I]t is entirely conceivable that, in 5-7 years, there could be drones that would follow your child as he walks to school. You can of course, already choose to monitor your child by giving them a cell phone and tracking the GPS device within it, but a drone would have several advantages. It would be harder for someone to destroy or “disconnect” from your child. It could also record and save remotely everything that is going on – in order to prevent anyone from harassing or bullying them. It might even remind them to look both ways before crossing the street, in case they forget. Or, because of its high vantage point, it could pick out and warn your child of cyclists and cars they failed to observe. Once your kid is safely at school the drone could whiz home and recharge in time to walk them home at the end of the day. This may all seem creepy to you, but if such a drone cost $100 dollars, how many parents do you think would feel like it was “the responsible thing to do.” I suspect a great deal. Even if it was only 5% of parents that would be a lot of drones."
David Eaves "Attack of the Drones – How Surveillance May Change our Culture" Babysitter Building - Construction How NOT to prevent innovations... Will avoiding a "little brother society" with no expectation for privacy? July 2012 taken from a camera mounted to a remote-controlled helicopter and provided by Remo Massima, Peter Ortner, Corey Rich and David Lama stand atop the Trango Summit in northern Pakistan's Karakoram mountain range. CBS news
AP PHOTO/REMO MASINA FOR MAMMUT There could be 30,000 drones overhead in the U.S. by 2020, reports the Washington Times. In Britain, manufacturers have suggested painting drones bright colors as a way to make them seem friendlier and less reminiscent of war zones, reports The Guardian. "Because Big Brother is a lot more appealing wearing hot pink", quips Slate. More and more autonomy Robo-ethics Thank you !
Innovation & Foresight @CNIL
@geoffdelc Credits : mapsofworld.com - 2012 Drones are not robots... for now Update 28/01/2013 : Argus project
http://gizmodo.com/5979372/watch-the-worlds-highest-resolution-drone+mounted-camera-in-actionSee the full transcript