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Ionic and Covalent Compounds

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by Laura Rangel on 29 November 2012

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Transcript of Ionic and Covalent Compounds

Ionic and Covalent Compounds Ionic Bond: Bond between a metal and a non-metal. Covalent Bond: Bond between two non-metals. Calcium Hydrogen Phosphate: It is an ionic compound.
Formula: CaHPO4
-It's created for fertilizers.
-In labs it's created from the reaction between calcium carbonate and phosphoric acid.
-It can be find in Baking soda. Calcium Carbonate: It is an Ionic compound.
Formula: CaCO3
-Common substance found in rocks.
-Active ingredient in agricultural lime.
-Commonly used as a calcium supplement or as an antacid
-It can be find in apple & cinnamon oatmeal. Potassium Phosphate: It is an ionic compound.
Formula: K3PO4
-Found in Pediasure
-It's a medication
-People need it to help filter wastes in their kidneys. Magnesium Sulfate: It is an ionic compound.
Formula:MgSO4
-Found in purified water
-Soluble in water
-Odorless
-Most commonly applied to potted plants Potassium Bicarbonate: It is an ionic compound.
Formula: KHCO3
-Found in purified water
-It's colorless and odorless
-Soluble in water but not in alcohol
-It has widespread use in crops. Potassium chloride: It is an ionic compound.
Formula: KCl
-Found in popcorn
-Used as a fertilizer
-It's odorless and it's a white crystalline solid
-Used in medicine
-It's extracted from salt water Copper Sulfate: It is an ionic compound.
Formula: CuSO4
-Found in Pediasure
-Reacts with concentrated hydrochloric acid very strongly.
-Decomposes before melting point 150• C
-Used as pesticide Magnesium Phosphate: It is an ionic compound.
Formula: Mg3(PO4)2
-Found in Pediasure
-Soluble in salt solution, but not soluble in water
-Found in nature as the mineral bobierrite Sodium Hydrogen Phosphate: It is an ionic compound.
Formula: Na2HPO4
-Found in Doritos Nacho Cheese
-It's a white powder and it's odorless
-soluble in water
-Used as an anti-caking additive in powdered products Sodium Hydrogen Carbonate: It is an ionic compound.
Formula: NaHCO3
-Found in pancakes mix
-It's a white crystalline solid and it's odorless
-Mainly known as baking soda
-Soluble in water
-Sometimes used in cooking vegetables to make them softer Calcium Iodate: It is an ionic compound.
Formula: Ca(IO3)2
-Found in Mew Mix (cat's food)
-Added to lotions as a deodorant
-Not soluble in alcohol
-It's a white crystalline powder
-It decomposes on heating Sodium Sulfite: It is an ionic compound.
Formula: Na2SO3
-Found in Original Saltines
-Preserves the color and taste of perishable foods
-It decomposes on heating
-Reduces chlorine levels on pools
-It's odorless Sodium Chloride: It is an ionic compound.
Formula: NaCl
-Found in Easy Cheese
-Mainly known as salt
-Commonly used as a condiment and food preservative
-Currently produced by evaporation of seawater
-It's odorless Dihydrogen Monoxide: It is a covalent compound.
Formula: H2O
-Found in orange juice
-Mainly known as water.
-It's odorless and tasteless
-It's a liquid and a solvent
-It's the most abundant compound on planet Earth. Calcium Phosphate: It is an ionic compound.
Formula: Ca3(PO4)2
-Found in Wheat Thins
-Its solubility lowers as temperature increases
-It's used in the production of fertilizers and variety of dental products Magnesium Carbonate: It is an ionic compound.
Formula: MgCO3
-Found in Baked Cheetos
-Soluble in acid
-Most often called chalk
-Used in fire extinguishing compositions Zinc Sulfate: It is an ionic compound.
Formula: ZnSO4
-Found in Cereal for Baby
-It's a colorless and odorless solid
-Used to supply Zinc in animal feeds and fertilizers
_Soluble in alcohol Zinc Oxide: It is an ionic compound.
Formula: ZnO
-Found in Meow Mix (cat's food)
-It's not soluble in water
-Used as an additive in many materials and products, such as food
-It's odorless and a white solid Potassium Iodide: It is an ioinc compound.
Formula: KI
-Found in Clif Bar
-Used as nutritional supplement in the human diet
-It's a white crystalline solid Aluminum Phosphate: It is an ionic bond.
Formula: AlPO4
-Found in pancakes mix
-Used in cake mixes to help baked goods rise
-In Australia, it's the most common form of phosphorus in soils.
-It's not soluble in water and it's a white crystalline powder
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