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The Caste System of Afganistan
Transcript of The Caste System of Afganistan
The Pashtuns originate from the Afghan-Pakistani-Iranian border.
They speak Pashtu and Dari.
They are Hanafi Sunni Muslims.
Pashtuns generally make their living off of livestock and agriculture.
They take up 42% of the population. Pashtuns The Tajik people are typically from the upper-middle class. They are the second largest recognized ethnic group in Afghanistan, taking up 27% of the population. They generally farm, and they live in the eastern valleys of the country.The Tajik people originate from Tajikistan. Their dialect is Dari, and they typically practice Hafani Sunni Islam. Tajik The Uzbek people take up 9% of the total population. They're from Central Asia, and they live in the northern plains of the country. They speak Turkic languages, and practice Sunni Islam. They mostly practice agriculture and herding, but some are also businessmen. Throughout their history, the Uzbeks have gained and lost power through strong military leaders. Uzbek This is a whimsical drawing of a Pashtun man. Here is a picture of Tajikistan. A young Uzbek girl works in the fields. People from the Turkmen caste make up 3% of the population of Afghanistan. They speak Turkic and practice Sunni Islam. They're from east of the Caspian Sea, settling in Northwestern Afghanistan. They were forced out by Russians and moved to the Balkh Province as well as the Herat Province, where they currently live. Other Turkmen people moved there as a result of the failed Basmachi revolt against the Bolsheviks. They're known for being nomadic and warlike. They're farmers and herdsmen. The Turkmen brought Karakul sheep to Afghanistan, which are major difficult currency exports. Turkmen This is the Turkmen President, Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov Hazara The Hazaras make up about 9% of the population. They're the lowest social caste. Most live in Hazarajat, but others settled in places like Badakhashan. They were established in the thirteenth century. The Hazaras speak Hazaragi, and they are Shia Muslims. They are typically farmers. This is a picture of four Hazara boys The Caste System: Pashtun
Hazara There are other social classes, but they aren't of ethnic or religious significance. Some examples are the Quizilbash, the Wakhi, and the Kabuli. The Caste System A caste system is defined as a social system having set classes separated by differences of rank, wealth, position, etc. What this means: Your caste determines your way of life. How you rank socially affects your job, your religion, who you interact with, and where you live. Your level of income is also decided by your social class. In Summary: The caste system of Afghanistan is a part of everyday life for its citizens. It determines both financial and social well-being for those who belong to each individual class. The caste system goes hand-in-hand with the economy and social diversity of the nation.