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The Agricultural Revolution

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by John Codega on 21 August 2013

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Transcript of The Agricultural Revolution

The Agricultural Revolution
a.k.a The Neolithic Revolution

Ocurred in many places all over the world at about the same time (14,000 - 6,000 years ago)
The Fertile Cresent
Highland New Guinea
Saharan & sub-Saharan Africa
China
The Andes Region & Mesoamerica
What was it?
The deliberate cultivation of particular plants and the domestication of particular animals.
Why did it occur at a specific time?
The last ice age ended 16,00 years ago and the climate conditions similar to ours prevailed...
The Role of Women
Women's role in Hunting and Gathering was to collect wild plants so perhaps they are responisble for plant domestication.
As hunters, men are most likely responsible for domesticating animals.
Why Settle Down?
These roles lead to major changes in the status of women in the wake of the Agricultural Revolution
As the ice age ended and the earth warmed up, people began to establish permanent villages to exploit the local area.
almost always near water
Population increases
Now H&G won't support eveyone
Experiment and innovate with agriculture to solve the "food crisis"
Agriculture spread in two ways
Diffusion
colonization and migration (sometimes violent, sometimes not)
The Bantu Migration in Africa
They brought agriculture, language & cattle raising with them (also death and conquest over the next few thousand years).
Some groups never convert to farming
Pastoralism
A variation of the Neolitic Revolution
In areas like Central Asia farming was impossible (or close to it).
people depend on animals
also known as nomads, herders, or pastoralists.
Followed food for the animals
Often in conflict with farmers - why?
Agricultural Societies
More food = more people
Don't need everyone working towards food production
Allows people freedom to explore other areas/innovate
Leads to technological improvements:
Pottery
Plows
Woven Textiles
Metallurgy
Wheels and Wheeled Vehicles
Legacy of Agriculture
Fundamentally changed humanity
Over time many of the resources released by the Agricultural Revolution accumulated in the hands of a few.
Rich and poor
landowners and peasants
rulers and subjects
dominate men and subordinate women
slaves and free people
Occurred in highly productive agricultural settings which generated substantial economic surplus
Pastorialists are people who spread new technology as they interacted with settled people
CIVILIZATION!
Mix this together and you get?
Point of View Introduction --
Source: Mr. Phillip Hare, AP Human Geography teacher and assistant Cross County coach, August 2013.
Why would Mr. Hare make the following statements:
"AP Human Geography is the best class offered at A.C. Flora High School. Every student at the school should be required to take it in the 9th grade year."
"Football is a terrible game. Students are always getting hurt or horribly injured. Also, all the practice and film time really harms the academic prospects of many students".
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