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Lord of the Flies: Savagery vs Civilization

Analysis of Savagery vs Civilization in Lord of the Flies
by Avi Avi on 22 January 2013

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Transcript of Lord of the Flies: Savagery vs Civilization

Savagery vs. Civilization Lord of the Flies The descent to savagery Influential Factors Lord of the Flies Influential Factors: In the Lord of the Flies, the boys started off by adopting civil rules and creating civility amongst themselves. In Lord of the Flies, the boys' descent to savagery was a gradual process, which was influenced by many different factors. The boys' Civilization vs Savagery What is Savagery ? Definition: the property of being untamed and ferocious; the trait of extreme cruelty; a brutal barbarous savage act What is civilization? Definition: An advanced state of intellectual, cultural, and material development in human society, marked by progress in the arts and sciences, the extensive use of record-keeping, including writing, and the appearance of complex political and social institutions. Bottom Line- Cultural or intellectual refinement Examples: The conch The conch represents order, and encourages the boys to have respect and patience for each other. Quote Number 1 Pg 21
""That's what this shell's called. I'll give the conch to the next person to speak. He can hold it when he's
speaking. "" These rules last for some time, and it is during this time that no chaos breaks out A Leader Laziness
Lack of Faith
War paint
Fire
Lack of Democracy
Rebellion
Loss of Innocence
Fear Another representation of civility in the book is the huts that the boys made. These shelters provide the practical purpose of offering shelter from the weather. They also provide a substitute for home, a place where the boys can gather together in the hours of darkness to seek comfort from being close to other people. They provide an escape from the darkness and unknown which lies outside their walls. Quote #3 on page 31
"I got the conch! Just you listen! The first thing we ought to have made was shelters down there by the beach." Piggy is the most intelligent, rational boy in the group, and his glasses represent the power of science and intellectual endeavor in society. This symbolic significance is clear from the start of the novel, when the boys use the lenses from Piggy’s glasses to focus the sunlight and start a fire. When Jack’s hunters raid Ralph’s camp and steal the glasses, the savages effectively take the power to make fire, leaving Ralph’s group helpless. Piggy's Glasses
Signal Fire
The signal fire burns on the mountain, and later on the beach, to attract the notice of passing ships that might be able to rescue the boys. As a result, the signal fire becomes a barometer of the boys’ connection to civilization. In the early parts of the novel, the fact that the boys maintain the fire is a sign that they want to be rescued and return to society. When the fire burns low or goes out, we realize that the boys have lost sight of their desire to be rescued and have accepted their savage lives on the island. The signal fire thus functions as a kind of measurement of the strength of the civilized instinct remaining on the island. Ironically, at the end of the novel, a fire finally summons a ship to the island, but not the signal fire. Instead, it is the fire of savagery—the forest fire Jack’s gang starts as part of his quest to hunt and kill Ralph. Quote #4 Pg 25
"There's another thing. We can help them to find us. If a ship comes near the island they may not notice us. So we must make smoke on top of the mountain. We must make a fire.".. Ralph Quote #5 Pg 29
"Ralph, I'll split up the choir--my hunters, that is--into groups, and we'll be responsible for keeping the fire going--" The boys' electing a leader is perhaps one of the greatest displays of democracy and civilization that happens in the book. Shows they are aware that electing a leader is the only way for things to work out, especially in a large group of young boys like this.
Also, in history democracy has been one of the most successful and effective forms of government
Example: USA/Canada, Ancient Greece Quote #2 pg 12 "Yes!" "Vote for chief!" "Let's vote--" What Is Savagery? Websters Dictionary Definition: Fierce, violent, and uncontrolled; lacking the restraints normal to civilized human beings;lacking complex or advanced culture In Lord of the flies, the boys decent to savagery is a gradual process. Below list the following factors Laziness: Later on in the book, the younger boys start to become lazy, and not do their work. This is mainly influenced by Jacks lazy attitude. Pg 33
"I agree with Ralph. We've got to have rules and obey them. After all, we're not savages. We're English, and the English are best at everything. So we've got to do the right things. " Quote #6 Pg 35 "We'll let the fire burn out now. Who would see smoke at night-time, anyway? And we can start the fire again whenever we like. Altos, you can keep the fire going this week, and trebles the next--" ... Jack From this quote, you can see that Jack is suggesting letting the fire out because he thinks they can light it later. This shows that Jack doesn't value the fire, and the hard work it takes to keep it going. The rest of the boys copy Jack's apathetic attitude, and as a result, the shelters don't get made. Lack of Faith-Fire As the days go by without any sign of a rescue ship, the boys start to doubt if they will ever get rescued. This discourages them from working to keep the signal fire going . Quote # 7 pg 53
"I've been watching the sea. There hasn't been the trace of a ship. Perhaps we'll never be rescued. " ...Roger Lack of Faith War Paint Fire Rebellion As a result of this... The boys stop guarding the fire
The fire goes out
Struggle to make fire
Piggy's glasses break War paint: Jack uses wet red and white clay and makes black marks with a stick of charcoal. His purpose is to replicate the effect of "dazzle paint" which was used in the two World Wars to break up the outline of ships. He wishes to camouflage himself so that the pigs won't spot him in the jungle foliage and patches of light. Once he applies the paint however Jack also becomes aware that "behind the mask" of his painted face he is free from all restraints and responsibilities, he can in effect do what he pleases.

Quote # 8 Pg 111

"For hunting. Like in the war. You know--dazzle paint. Like things trying to look like something else"-"--Like moths on a tree trunk. " When the boys follow Jack and apply paint to themselves they almost instantly change. The war paint starts to reveal the hunters' inner savagery and it conceals their true identities so they can do whatever they want with no consequences ... Even murder.

Quote # 9 Page 191

“The others nodded. They understood only too well the liberation into savagery that the concealing paint brought.” – Lack of Democracy/Rebellion/Fear When the younger boys started following Jack, Things got out of hand. Jack influenced the boys' and made them follow his rebellious ways. Later on in the book, he leads them to killing the sow and putting its head on a stake, which is perhaps the most brutal display of savagery.

He leads them into believing that there is a beast, and evokes fear upon them.
Ralph is trying top tell the boys that there is no beast and that it is all in their heads
This fear of the beast eventually leads to the death of Simon, the most civilized of them all. Quote # 10 Pg 153

"The thing is--fear can't hurt you any more than a dream. There aren't any beasts to be afraid of on this island." He looked along the row of whispering littluns. "Serve you right if something did get you, you useless lot of cry-babies! But there is no animal"- ---Jack Loss of Innocence

After the boys' most riveting display of brutality and savagery (the slaughtering of the sow), the boys' sense of morality and civility is completely gone. Their innocence goes along with it. They are no longer little church boys-but brutal savages being completely misguided by an even more brutal fascist-like leader. Quote # 11 Pg 190

Jack held up the head and jammed the soft throat down on the pointed end of the stick which pierced through into the mouth. He stood back and the head hung there, a little blood dribbling down the stick. 1 2 3 4 5 True! False! True! True ! False! HaHaHaHaHaHaHaHaHaHaHaHaHaHaHaHaHaHaHa

I WIN Thanx Guys Partys OVER !!! GO HOME NOW !
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