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The Main Organization of an Academic Essay

presentation of an academic essay with brief explanation of an academic paragraph
by Hakan Senturk on 5 October 2012

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Transcript of The Main Organization of an Academic Essay

The Main Organization of
an Academic Essay Introduction General Statement



Thesis Statement Body A. Topic Sentence

Support 1
Support 2
Support 3 Conclusion B. Topic Sentence

Support 1
Support 2
Support 3 Restatement or summary of the main points;
final comment This is how
the general organization
of an essay is organized But first, let's look at
how a paragraph
is organized... An Academic Paragraph should be organized as follows: Topic Sentence
Support 1
Support 2
Support 3 Concluding Sentence Paragraph Lets look at an example: Technology developed rapidly in the 20th century, especially after the Second World War. Development has occurred in two important areas, communications and transportation. In communications, the 20th century witnessed the development of computers, faxes, and television. Considering how popular it is, television seems to be one of the most important inventions of the 20th century. It has many effects on society-some good and some bad. While even adults spend many hours watching television everyday, children spend most of their free time in front of the TV. Many mothers feel that TV provides a wonderful service. They say that children learn many things about people, animals, plants and different countries. In addition, it provides entertainment in the form of cartoons, games programmes and films. However, it is likely that most people do not consider the harmful effects on children of watching too much television. Watching too much TV is, in fact, harmful since it may cause health problems, prevent children from developing other interests, can give them the wrong picture of human relations, and may cause children to act violently. This is the first body paragraph of an essay about the influence of televison on children. It is a cause and effect essay: First of all, TV viewing may be detrimental to the health of children. Radiation from television may affect people’s health especially if it is watched at a close distance. If too much radiation is absorbed, there is a likelihood of developing cancer in the long term. Sitting too close to the TV set while watching TV can also affect eyesight and result in children having to wear glasses. The powerful light that children are exposed to while watching TV is very tiring for the eyes and thus detrimental to the eyesight. Another health risk caused by watching too much TV is becoming overweight. Children who watch TV a lot are less active as they spend most of their free time sitting in front of the TV set. That means they cannot burn up the calories they consume. This, in time, may result in becoming overweight. Some of these children also tend to eat a lot of snacks while they watch TV. As a result, these children may become overweight and therefore be less healthy because of this lack of activity and consumption of junk food. Be careful, we will turn......now... Topic Sentence Support 1 We can think of an essay as a very detailed paragraph, with a similar organization.
Lets see how they are similar: This is the introduction to the same essay: General Statement Thesis Statement ...and finally (!) this is the conclusion of our essay In conclusion, although it is true that television has beneficial effects on children, it is necessary for parents to select the programmes their children are allowed to watch as young children are not able to understand what is appropriate. It is also necessary to restrict or limit the number of hours that children watch television so that they can develop other interests and social interaction. If this is done, television will have a positive influence on children. ..let's not turn this time, this is making me dizzy.. Restatement or summary of the main points Final Comment The body of an essay looks just like an academic paragraph. So, it looks like the paragraph we have examined before.. Like this: and lastly: C. Topic Sentence

Support 1
Support 2
Support 3 But, what is an essay? Support 2 concluding sentence
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