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Why was Hitler able to become Chancellor by 1933
Transcript of Why was Hitler able to become Chancellor by 1933
Anger and bitterness helped the Nazis to gain more support.
Many middle-class people, alarmed by the obvious failure of democracy, decided that the country needed a strong government. Nationalists and racists blamed the Treaty of Versailles
In 1928, the Nazis had only 12 seats in the Reichstag; by July 1932 they had 230 seats and were the largest party. Depression of 1929 In 1929, the American Stock Exchange collapsed, and caused an economic depression [Economic depression: The slowing of economic activity, which usually results in high unemployment, a sharp drop in prices and a fall in production. ].
America called in all its foreign loans, which destroyed Weimar Germany. Unemployment in Germany rose to 6 million. Wall Street Crash
1929 The government was in chaos. President Hindenburg dismissed Brüning in 1932. His replacement - Papen - lasted six months, and the next chancellor - Schleicher - only lasted two months. Hindenburg had to use Article 48 to pass almost every law.
In January 1933, Hindenburg and Papen came up with a plan to get the Nazis on their side by offering to make Hitler vice chancellor. He refused and demanded to be made chancellor.
They agreed, thinking they could control him.
In January 1933, Hitler became chancellor, and immediately set about making himself absolute ruler of Germany using Article 48. Political Caos Hitler's rise to power cannot be attributed to one event, but a mixture of factors including events happening outside Germany, the strengths of the Nazi party, and the weaknesses of other parties within Germany. Hitler used these factors to his advantage and in 1933 he legitimately gained power to become chancellor. The Nazi storm troopers attacked Hitler's opponents. Storm Troopers (SA) Goebbels' propaganda campaign was very effective and it won support for the Nazis. The Nazis targeted specific groups of society with different slogans and policies to win their support. Goebbels' propaganda campaign Hitler was a great speaker, with the power to make people support him. Hitler's speaking skills German people were still angry about the Treaty of Versailles and supported Hitler because he promised to overturn it. Treaty of Versailles Hitler received the support from:
Industrialists. They gave him money.
Middle-class business owners.
Farmers. Fear of communism