Transcript: photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli Even though OSHA does not require a drug free workplace, they do support the programs set forth by companies. OSHA also believes there General Duty Clause, Section 5(a)(1) of the OSH Act, may be applicable where a particular hazard is not addressed by any OSHA standard. The vast majority of drug users are employed, and when they arrive for work, they don't leave their problems at the door. Of the 17.2 million illicit drug users aged 18 or older in 2005, 75% of that amount were employed either full or part-time. Research shows that between 10-20 percent of people killed on the job test positive for drugs or alcohol. Common Paraphernalia Substance Abuse Many smaller companies do not imply such programs, Individuals who can't adhere to such programs seek out these smaller businesses. In many cases just one accident can have catastrophic consiquences. These parts are composed of a policy supervisor training employee education employee assistance drug testing There are more deaths, illness, and disabilities from substance abuse than from any other preventable health condition. Today, one in four deaths is attributable to alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drug use. A good program consist of five key parts. If you feel someone is under the influence, it is your responsibility to contact a supervisor or someone higher in command. There is no reason to put yourself or others in danger. It takes everybody's cooperation to have a safe work environment. So 20 percent comes out to be 2.5million... Our occupation has enough hazards already, we should not have to worry about the guy on the forklift who might have a killer hangover or might be under the influence. Definition of Substacne abuse Substance abuse can simply be defined as a pattern of harmful use of any substance for mood-altering purposes. Medline's medical encyclopedia defines drug abuse as "the use of illicit drugs or the abuse of prescription or over-the-counter drugs for purposes other than those for which they are indicated or in a manner or in quantities other than directed." Most common types of substances are Ecstasy, Cocaine, Marijuana Inhalants and Alcohol Some tell tail signs that someone is using are- Blood shot eyes (redness in the eyes), changes in pupil size or eye movement related to drug use. Also puncture wounds from injecting substances directly into the body usually refered to as slamming, pinning, jacking up. These are some signs your coworkers might be under the influence and how to identify them.
Transcript: Substance Abuse Population Characteristics Population Statistics for Onondaga County Population, 2010 467,026 Age less than 5 years in 2009 6% Age less than 18 years in 2009 22.9% Age 65 years and older in 2009 14.1% Female in 2009 51.8% Male in 2009 48.2% White Persons in 2010 81.1% Black Persons in 2010 11% Asian Persons in 2000 3.1% American Indian and Alaskan Native Persons in 2000 0.8% Source: http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/36/36067.html Adult Abuse Statistics Onondaga County Substance Abuse Among Adults Adult current smokers, 2008 estimate 16.3% Adults reporting binge drinkers in 2008 20.2% (4 or more drinks for women, 5 or more drinks for men) Adults reporting heavy drinking in 2008 5.8% (1 or more drinks per day for women, 2 or more drinks per day for men) Males reporting heavy drinking in 2008 9.1% Females reporting heavy drinking in 2008 3% 38 people per 10,000 are arrested for DUI in Onondaga County, NY County annually. 194 people in Syracuse alone are in homes or halfway houses for drug/alcohol abuse. Teen Addiction Statistics Behavior Alcohol 8th Grade 10th Grade 12th Grade (Got drunk once or more in the last 2 weeks) 9% 23% 34% Inhalants (Sniffed or inhaled substances to get high once or more in the last 12 months) 10% 8% 5% Marijuana (Used marijuana once or more 9% 29% 42% in the last 12 months) Other Illicit Drug Use*(Used illicit drugs 4% 8% 12% once or more in the last 12 months) Driving and Alcohol (Drove after drinking 2% 5% 13% once or more in the last 12 months) (Rode (once or more in the last 12 25% 29% 31% months) with a driver who had been drinking) *Includes cocaine, LSD, PCP or angel dust, heroin, and amphetamines Source: Search Institute. Developmental Assets: A profile of your youth – Onondaga County. December 2005 Health and social factors Strategies Strategies to improve the health of the community Establish in-patient and out-patient treatment services. Form support groups where people can be around fellow peers and hear their stories and get support. Have hotlines or 24-hour phone services that people can call Levels of Prevention Primary: - Increasing public awareness through teaching - Public education campaigns - School education programs (curriculum, counseling) - Encourage good developmental & life skills - Limiting access Secondary: - Identify at risk individuals - Reduce sources of stress - Screening Tertiary: - Assist client to enhance coping & lifestyle changes - Refer to community groups - Monitor pharmacological management - Emotional support for recovering abusers & families References *RN Community Health Nursing (ED 5.0), ATI Nursing Education *World Health Organization, A Workbook for Project Managers (2000) *http://acsap.army.mil/sso/pages/public/ events/overview.jsp Local Community Programs •Syracuse, New York Detoxification Centers •Syracuse, New York Drug Rehabilitation •Syracuse, New York Drug Treatment Facilities •Treatment Centers in Syracuse, New York •Syracuse, New York Addiction & Alcoholism Treatment •Syracuse, New York Twelve Step Meetings •In-Patient Treatment in Syracuse, New York •Syracuse, New York Out-Patient Treatment •Heroin & Opiate Treatment in Syracuse, New York •Syracuse, New York Cocaine & Crack Treatment Call Drug Rehab.org at 888-206-2493 Today! This website helps people find places to go for help within their community. Created by: Tayler Lewis Brenna Campbell Hannah O'Hora Liz Roder Candis Lopez http://www.addiction-intervention.com/addiction/alcoholism/mental-and-emotional-effects-of-alcoholism/ http://www.saintmatthewschurches.com/AlcoholEffects.aspx http://www.unodc.org/pdf/technical_series_1995-03-01_1.pdf Substance abuse may also be influenced by social media. Examples in Syracuse (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr How does substance abuse affect the health of the community? When to seek help: this website provides information for alcoholic or drug addicts so they can obtain information without visiting a clinic. They also provide quizzes to take to find out if you do have an addiction issue. This can help in deciding if you should go to one of the services in your area to obtain help with alcoholism. It also provides information to family help by providing them with information about what to do and how to cope. How does substance abuse affect the community socially? How can society have an impact on the abuse of drugs, tobacco and alcohol? • A major health report proclaims: "Decisions about the control of tobacco and other addictive substances are among the most important health-related choices that societies can make collectively.” • Substance abuse not only affects physical and emotional health, but it affects the society's pocketbook. Costs that result from alcohol and drug abuse include social welfare expenditures, medical expenses, motor vehicle crashes, crime expenses, and fire destruction. • Substance abuse many times can also prove to be a factor in maintaining a job and can also lead to homelessness. •
Transcript: Domestic Violence Homelessness Child Abuse Disease Substance Abuse Solutions to Substance Abuse Prevention More curriculum covered in school classes Health Classes/Community Outreach Rehabilitation TROSA Legislation www.ncsu.edu/iei/?page_id www.ehow.com http://nccafv.org/parents/substanceabuse http://domestic-violence.laws.com/domestic-violencefacts http://legalizationofmarijuana.com/ http://balancedpolitics.org/marijuana_legalization.htm References Legalization of soft drugs
Transcript: Drugs can affect anyone Learning the effects of drugs is important Here are some more Specific effects What Can be done? is here Dont do Drugs Conclusion Dont do drugs Anti drug advertisements can convince Some people to not use drugs Substance Abuse Dont do drugs
Transcript: Substance Abuse by Pregnant Women Thank you! (: Behavior Problems Mental Retardation Vision and Hearing Problems Stunted Growth Abnormal Facial Features And Many More Develop Cancer Become Malnourished Raise Risk of Still and Premature Births Fetal-Murder Law Premature Babies Withdrawal Symptoms Many More Birth Defects Scott Peterson Alcohol Abuse Drugs Mother may not know she is pregnant. But she should still be responsible. Pregnant or Not? Serotin Reputake Inhibitor Smoking Depression
Transcript: why does it occur the character brad seems to change his sexual ways when he drinks with patrick. differences in the effects of drug and alcohol misuse and the relevance of gender and socio-economic status. in the book perk of being a wallflower the character Charlie has a problem of substance abuse. As well as focusing on the impact of parental substance misuse, the report studies what young people think helps or hinders them in their lives. In the UK there are estimated to be between 250,000 and 350,000 dependent children living with parental drug misuse, and 920,000 living with parental alcohol misuse. the character patrick started to substance abuse do to depression that was caused after brad called him gay occurs when a person uses a substance which in time the body comes to rely on. so a craving for the substance (drug) has therefore developed. when your under the influence of drugs,you might do things that you don't normally do. charlie had a habit of smoking when he was stressed out Substance Abuse when the amount of substance in the body is depleted as more of it is released from the body,the cells send a signal to the brain that more of the substance is needed. when a drug ,obtained either legal or illegally, is used regularly,the brain becomes use to its presence and normal function may occur in the book perk of being a wallflower, there is many substance abuse, cigarets, pot, and alcohol. http://www.addictionsearch.com/treatment_blog/how-substance-abuse-happens_39.html http://www.jrf.org.uk/publications/effect-parental-substance-abuse-young-people An exploration of the experiences of young people (15-27 years) affected by parental drug and/or alcohol misuse Children are at risk from emotional and physical neglect as they grow up. drug related injuries can be from falling or car accident. Drugs can have immediate and long-lasting effects on your physical health and well-being. substance abuse is also known as drug abuse Parental substance misuse can cause considerable harm.
Transcript: Substance abuse Marijuana Can cause schizophrenia and other mental disorders short term memory loss Tobacco Tobacco can cause cancer, tar build up on the lungs, and smells bad. Yellows teeth Alcohol Signs of abuse Repeatedly neglecting your responsibilities at home, work, or school because of your drinking. Using alcohol in situations where it’s physically dangerous, like drinking and driving. Experiencing repeated legal problems on account of your drinking. Continuing to drink even though your alcohol use is causing problems in your relationships. Drinking as a way to relax or de-stress. Meth Meth is considered a party drug and is used to stay awake for long periods of time. It was invented in Japan about 100 years ago. Some bosses give out meth to keep up production in their workers. Workers use it to give them that extra edge to get ahead, work more hours, and make more money. meth is 3 times more potent then cocaine and is six times more pleasureable than anything your body can feel naturaly. Addiction -Physiological dependency can cause rapid heart rate, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and stomach pains. -psychological This is the one where the addiction is all in your head such as in sexual addiction, gambling, internet, addiction to computer games, and/or substances such as alcohol or drugs. Stages of addiction Experimenting Misuse of drugs Abuse of drugs drug addiction and dependency Withdrawal Emotional Withdrawal Symptoms Anxiety Restlessness Irritability Insomnia Headaches Poor concentration Depression Social isolation Physical Withdrawal Symptoms Sweating Racing heart Palpitations Muscle tension Tightness in the chest Difficulty breathing Tremor Nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea Tolerance If you use a drug alot your body will build up a natural "tolerance" or resistance to the drug so it will take more and more of that particular drug to get the same effect.
Transcript: Diseases Lung diseases Symptoms Risk factors 1.depression 2.anxiety 3.mood problem in the individual, as well as having parents with alcoholism problems 4.Low self-esteem and feeling out of place Effects Alcoholism is chronic, but treatable !! TREATMENT as a result of relationships household dysfunction peer pressure failure of individual to adapt to society, or society's failure to make a place for the individual Types of drugs Thank you tranquil and euphoric effect induce tolerance drug becomes the main focus of life slow breathing, heart rate and brain activity goblet cells and mucous glands are stimulated to secrete more mucus tar destroys many cilia and weakens the sweeping action of the remaining mucus accumulates and causes the person to cough which leads to inflammation of the bronchi Definition: stimulates adrenal glands to release mucus increases heart rate and blood pressure reduces blood supply to extremities increases the stickiness of platelets which causes blood clotting substance abuse is a Brain Disease • Characterized by: – Compulsive Behavior – Continued abuse of drugs despite negative consequences – Persistent changes in the brain’s structure and function Hard drugs Outline a condition where the alveoli is unable to stretch and recoil while breathing due too smaller quantities of elastin I the walls elastin has been digested by elastase 1) Chronic bronchitis 1. definition 2. The Burden 3. Types of substance abuse; Smoking Alcohol Drugs 4. role play 5. Conclusion Role Play cannabis used in shamanic rituals to induce trance illegal in most developed countries increasing cost of satisfying tolerance / dependence can lead to money problems a self neglect domestic violence - substance abuse is a wide spread problem - education & awareness should be focused on risky population - Addiction is Like Other Diseases; It is preventable It is treatable It changes biology If untreated, it can last a lifetime Drugs stimulates goblet cells to release more mucus contains carcinogens causes mutations develops cancer Smoking psychoactive drugs that are addictive and perceived as damaging Stimulants Questions Hallucinogens Diseases Drugs: a chemical substance which may have medicinal, intoxicating, performance- enhancing or other effects on the mind or body definition of drugs, drug addiction, and drug abuse types of drugs (soft/hard) psychological/biological effects of drugs diseases related to drugs socio-cultural problems causes of drug abuse Psychological / biological effects Too smart to start DISEASES CAUSED BY ALCOHOL Opiates diffuses into RBC's where it combines with hemoglobin to form carboxyhemoglobin, which reduces the oxygen carrying capacity in RBC's Causes 1. Gastritis 2. Cirrhosis 3. cancer of the stomach, kidney & liver 4. Diabetes & Heart diseases Drug addiction: strong physiological and psychological dependence on a drug 2) Emphysema Definitions suggests cause of acute toxic psychosis, panic attacks, schizophrenia believed to be non addictive and with fewer dangers associated with their use The Burden of Substance Abuse components of cigarette effects of the components of cigarette Diseases why people start smoking why smoking is difficult to stop References • Substance abuse costs our nation more than $484 billion per year. Illicit drug use alone accounts for about $161 billion. • Approximately half of those suffering from a chronic alcohol or drug disorders also suffer from a chronic psychiatric disorder. Alcoholism/alcohol addiction is the destructive pattern of the consumption of alcohol liquor and compulsive behavior resulting from alcohol dependency. An alcoholic person is a person who suffers from alcoholism, a person whose body is dependent on alcohol Definition of alcoholism, and alcoholic person symptoms risk factors DISEASES AND EFFECTS ALCOHOL treatment of alcoholism Psychological / biological effects Most people start smoking after the age of 18. Peer pressure plays an important part. the environment the individual raise in Others start smoking as an act of defiance against their parents or people of authority. individuals having low self-esteem they smoke to appear older and more grown up, people under pressure think that smoking helps the get rid of this pressure. Why smoking is difficult to stop? 3) Lung Cancer 2) carbon monoxide the nicotine present in cigarettes creates a chemical dependency, and the body develops a need for certain level of nicotine at all times. the first few weeks after quitting are usually the most difficult it takes at least 8-12 weeks before a person start to feel comfortable with their new lifestyle change of being ex-smoker. Diseases sensory perceptions become brilliant and intense colors seem more intense, emotional effects are more profound>> magnified feelings distance and estrangement, depression, anxiety, paranoia, violent behaviors, confusion, suspicion, loss of control, flashbacks, psychosis, lethargic and disoriented Diseases potential
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