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Green Economy

Transcript: Annemarie Pajurin English in Case Studies GREEN ECONOMY Case Study: Eco-innovation LASER MARK for small or medium-sized enterprises REVIEW Why support local economies? REVIEW: REGIONAL PRODUCTS 1 % primary sector Economic Sector tertiary sector secondary sector 1 % 31 % 69 % Source: © Statista 2017 Consumed products in 2015 Living, energy and maintenance Food, drinks and tobaccos Free time, entertainment and culture 35,9% 13,9% 10,5% Consumed products in 2015 Source: German federal bureau of statistics, 2015 Benefits: consumption of local and sustainab... Support local economies and protect local farms and farmland by saving jobs Improved communication between rural and urban areas Negative environmental impact is decreasing Protection of farmer's and employees' Health Consciousness, transparency and costumer confidence Benefits: consumption of local and sustainable food PROCEDURE What makes the primary sector more competitive and dynamic? PROCEDURE CONTENT Content 1. Vision Green Economy 2. Diffuculties for small or medium-sized enterprises (SME) 3. Case Study: Eco-innovation LASER MARK 4. Conclusion 5. Bibliography WHAT IS THE GREEN ECONOMY? GREEN ECONOMY UNEP defines a green economy as one that results in “improved human well-being and social equity, while significantly reducing environmental risks and ecological scarcities” (UNEP 2010) PLAYERS Business R&D Innovations concepts PLAYERS Source: Federal Ministry of Education and Research, 2016 civil society enterprises science politics Main fields of action Main fields of action production international connections technology infrastructure value creation chain Source: Federal Ministry of Education and Research, 2016 DIFFICULTIES FOR SME DIFFUCULTIES FOR SME What is the main problem of the European's agriculture sector? Facts about the European agriculture sector Turnover of more than 965 billion € It processes 70% of the EU’s agricultural raw materials Employs over four million people – almost all in SME global food and drink market is in decline, as a result of increased competition from emerging economies such as China, India and Brazil More than 99% of the companies are SME's: struggle to compete with larger players Innovation expenditure is very low (0.37%) as a proportion of turnover BUT Food and drink market still has greatest impact in lifecycle ahead of private transport and housing -> Eco-innovations Facts about the European agriculture sector Creating market demand for fruits labelled ecologically with innovative laser technologies Project LASER MARK ECO-INNOVATION LASER MARK SUMMARY Summary Developed by Laser Food 2007, S.L. (Spain) FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA - REGIÓN EUROPEA (Spain) Maxfrut S.L. ( Spain) JSV Sistemas RDIF S.L. (Spain) BCLA, Black Country Learning Academy Limited (United Kingdom) with support of the EU Eco Innovation program general informations alternative to paper stickers labelling of fruits and vegetables addressed to processing industries of fruits and vegetables substance which turns coloured when activated by a laser budget Overall budget 1.273.411,00 € duration three years, 9/06/2010 to 08/06/2013 environmental benefits reduction of waste of resources such as ink, plastic, glue or paper avoid of the GHG emissions generated by the transport of the stickers the right to be informed about the producer and origin of their products RESULTS Results: LASER MARK Environmental impacts Reduction of paper waste: 106.660,54 m2 Reduction of plastic waste: 106.660,54 m2 Reduction of glue waste: 5.925,59 kg Reduction of energy consumption: 35% of the standard production Technology creates less than 1% of the carbon emissions Economic impacts Speed up the market penetration of the technology Faster labelling of fruits: 900 pieces the standard method; 1000 the LASER MARK solution Decreasing of the cost of labelling: Using stickers on 1,000 melons: €30; with the laser system: 90 cents Increase of flexibility: change in labels and logos FUTURE PROSPECTS Number of supermarkets using LASER MARK system internationally increased; ex.: Carrefour in Spain and ICA in Sweden, UK supermarket Marks & Spencer (M&S) (is already using the technology to mark food products such as avocados and coconuts) “The calculations are that it costs the same, but sustainability for our consumers and ourselves is the biggest gain.(...)" Peter Hagg, ICA (Swedish supermarket) business unit manager Future Prospects: LASER MARK CONCLUSION CONCLUSION What did we learn? CONCLUSION Why support local and small-or medium size enterprises? Food and drink market: huge turnover Processes 70% of the EU’s agricultural raw materials Employs over four million people, almost all in SME PROBLEM: struggle to compete with larger players and innovation expenditure is very low What makes the agriculture sector more competetive? New and greener Technology: Eco-innovations Concrete example: LASER MARK Reduction of paper waste, plastic waste, glue waste Reduction of energy consumption and

Green Economy

Transcript: Environmental Project In what ways can a green economy save an exponentially growing human population from the byproducts of a problematic fossil fuel economy? A green economy is an economy focused on improving the well-being of humans worldwide while making improvements to the enviroment. The improvements to humans include making humans world-wide have atleast a decent standard living. A green economy wants to provide social equity to all people. Social equity is equal oppertunity between people within a safe and healthy environement. To create a green economy the government must first take control and finance all these new changes. They must also help push the public into using green products. The government must also begin to tax those who do not follow the new green economy and they must also follow along with the green economy guidelines. No matter what, the government has to continue to push and support the public into becoming green. The government plays a huge role in creating a green economy but everyone must also do their own part. People have to become less dependent on old comfortble products and begin to use more green products. If people don't begin to become more green themselves the green economy will not work. Another part to help create a green economy that must be addressed is that young students must be prepared to take and hold green jobs. Fossil Fuels When we burn gas, coal, or other fossil fuels, we release dangerous gases and we unnaturally heat the atmosphere. They say with the research that has been conducted that they are 90% certain that the human population is the cause. The CFC’s and CO2 have made droughts, heat waves, hurricanes, and other things way more intense. We are basically causing our natural disasters to become stronger and destroying our selves and the world around us in the process. Combustion of fossil fuels not only gives out carbon dioxide into the air; it also releases many other harmful acidic substances like sulfuric acid and carbonic acid and cause air pollution. When in air, these gases are chemically changed and return to the surface of the earth in the form of acid rain. This has a huge impact on the entire environment. It affects soil and plant life and causes water pollution. Large areas of land surfaces are dug up for the purpose of extraction of fossil fuels from their deposits under the earth. After the removal, this land becomes unusable and thus causes a permanent damage to the land and causes frequent earthquakes. Fossil fuel are transported from place to place by ships. If there’s even the slightest leak in the ship it causes oil spills. These spills have occurred numerous times in the past. These spills not only lead to water pollution but also have a serious threat to organisms living in the body of water. Since CO2 contributes to global warming, the increase in population makes the problem worse because we breathe out CO2. Also, the trees that convert our CO2 to oxygen are being demolished because we're using the land that we cut the trees down from as property for our homes and buildings. We are not replacing the trees, which are an important art of our ecosystem. So we are constantly taking advantage of our natural resources and giving nothing back in return. Human Population Population growth is a big part of a green economy. Population growth is responsible for most of the environmental issues because the more people we have, the more resources are needed. Levels of consumption and industrialization, inequality in wealth and land distribution, inappropriate government policies, poverty, and inefficient technologies all contribute to environmental decline and is just another reason why a green economy is needed. Population may not be a root cause in environmental decline, but rather just one factor among many that multiply the negative effects of other social, economic, and political factors. The world's current growth rate is about 1.3%, representing a doubling time of 54 years. The world population is growing faster and faster according to the graph. As we can see, the slope of the developing regions is very steep, and in 2050, it is estimated that the population will grow to 10 billion. However, the space and resources in our earth is limited, and the rapidly growing population will definitely be a challenge to the world. This rapid population growth has been associated with global environmental changes such as: •More and more greenhouse gas emissions, that may produce dramatic climatic change, and the destruction of tropospheric ozone •Toxification of the soil, air, and water •Environmental degradation such as deforestation •Loss of biodiversity The above graph shows that the oil production is directly propotional to the population. These years, the oil production really incresed a lot. If we don’t control the growth of our population, the oil will be used all not very far in the future. Links: Fossil Fuels and the Environment. What is

Green economy

Transcript: Green economy What is the income of tax for the government ? Economic growth rate Greenhouse gas emission France and United kingdom - Patent delivered in relation with green economy - Reduce the output of carbon dioxide - Renewable Energy Act comparison consumption of energy greenhouse gas emissions - Conclusion - tax and subvention Definition France in 2011 -> 831 United Kingdom in 2011 -> 1237 Tax or how to affect the market ? what is the different sectors of Co2 emissions? - A change in the policy by the vote of citizens Source - Protectionism Bachelor in economy and management The consumption of energy Conclusion Innovation United Kingdom and the green investment bank - definition Subvention or how to support the priming of green growth ? - Investment by the central bank (launch of inflation by investing in green economics) Outline "Zero sum game" Undergraduate student Definition economy growth rate green growth rate University Pierre Mendès France Grenoble France - Case study Green growth rate What is the best way to access to green economy ? Course: Environmental and Natural Resource Economics Topic : Green economics In France between 1990 and 2014 - Oraganisation innovation: source: OCDE - Energy supply UK Green house gas emissions: source: government of united kingdom - Energy supply France Green house gas emissions: source: developpement durable government - The consumption of energy in UK source: united kingdom energy statistics - The consumption of energy in France source: department of Ecology France - France and UK comparaison source: INSEE, International Monetary Fund and Site du Ministère de l'écologie,du développement durable et de l'énergie - GDP map source: Hsbc - Innovation Case study In United kingdom between 1990 and 2014 France and United kingdom Simon Spéciale Measure : Environmental and resource productivity and innovation Natural assets and their cost-effective management The environmental quality of life Related green growth policies, economic opportunities and social context of green growth. Monitoring sustainability of overall economic developments. Economy approaches toward a green growth

Green Economy

Transcript: It involves: Today Microfinancial institutions land small amount of money to a poor people, usually to individuals mostly women, in developing countries. They usually ask low interest rate so that the borrowers can give back the loans easily. This bank tries to improve economic and social conditions of these people. Before the 21st century Before the start of the 21st century ,it was quite rare for big businesses to consider the impact of their practices on the environment and to incorporate eco-friendly policies into their ways of working. What is the "Green Economy"? Reduced environmental risk. A lot of companies are beginning to consider the effect they have on the environment. (For example, they are abandoning investment in dirty energy sources and investing in renewable energy); Green product demand. The demand for environmentally-friendly services and products has grown enormously over the last few years; Consumer engagement. Community involvement is important for many companies and green practices enhance public image and community relations. Ethical bank is the financial activity according with ethical principles and they are subject to same rules as a traditional banks with the same services. Usually they work online and they believe that they have significant impact on society also on environment-lead or encourage responsible behaviour from the businesses they might finance. Microfinancial institutions A green, or sustainable business is a business that tries to reduce its impact on the environment while maintaining a profit. Conducting business in an ethical way in the interests of the community; Responding positively to emerging social priorities and expectations; Balancing shareholder interests against the interests of the community; Being a good citizen in the community; Fair trade Green Economy Green Business Fair trade is a trading partnership, based on dialogue, transparency and respect, that seeks greater equity in international trade. It contributes to sustainable development by offering better trading conditions to, and securing the rights of, marginalized producers and workers, especially in the South. Fair Trade Organizations are actively engaged in supporting producers, and in campaigning for changes in the rules and practice of conventional international trade. Some of the reasons given for going green include: A green economy is one that results in improved human well-being and social equity, while significantly reducing environmental risks and ecological scarcities The concept of Fair Trade began in 1940s with some shops and church groups in the US and Europe selling products made by Chinese refugees or Puerto Rican communities. Such initiatives were recognised as Alternative Trade Organizations. In 1987 was founded European Fair Trade in 1989 began International Association for Fair Trade. Ethical Bank History of Fair Trade Today, however, green has gone mainstream. Most companies consider green practices to be an important factor in remaining competitive and many also state that they contribute to company profits. CSR refers to companies taking responsibility for their impact on society, so exist a social contract between a business and society involving mutual obligation that they recognise they have each other.

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