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Coral Reef

Transcript: Coral Reef By: Kelsee Conner & Olivia Lucas The lattitudes cover 30 north and 30 south of the equator. The average temperature of the biome is 61-86 degrees fahrenheit. A Coral Reef Biome is found in a shallow area of clear water within the ocean. There are seasonal changes in Tropic of the Capricorn. The days are noticeably longer and warmer in the summer and in the winter with up to two hours the temperature changes about 18 degrees fahrenheit. The average or typical precipitation isn't really calculated. Since the coral reef is underwater, and the rain is above sea-level it doesn't really get a certain amount of precipitation. Coral Reefs have been called the rainforests of the ocean because of their rich biodiversity. Coral- found at ocean floor Coral Reefs are located underwater. (ocean) You know your in the biome when your in clear water and you see a lot of colorful reefs. Coral Reef is underwater and sun is above water. But the sun can shine through the water. No humans live in this biome. They come to visit, snorkle, deep-sea dive, and fish there. 5 Interesting Facts: 1. The world's first coral reef occurred about 500 million years ago. 2. Great Barrier Reef is relatively young at just about 500,000 thousand years old. 3. The current reefs structure is less than around 8,000 years old. 4. Coral Reefs form in the deep ocean and are called attols. 5. Most modern reefs have formed on hard surfaces in the ocean. Sharks- most common in tropical waters at depths above 2,000m. This biome occupies less than .1% of the world's ocean surface. It also provides a home for 25% of all the marine species. There are no winds. Description: very colorful, spongey, stringy The Coral Reef is one of the most important of all marine biomes. Coral Reef occurs in all the worlds oceans that have tropical portions. Common Plants and Animals: sharks dolphins whales seaweed seagrasses coral Habitat: all in water 1 invertebrate: sea-star 2 mammals: whales and dolphins 1 bird- white-breasted sea eagle 3 plants: seaweed, seagrasses, and corals

Coral Reef

Transcript: Humans have a significant impact on the coral reef ecosystems because of pollution. There are numerous ways humans have added harmful pollutants into our oceans that can cause serious damage to the fragile ecosystems of the coral reefs. Deforestation has many indirect effects that can cause major issues. Sediment runoff will bring with it many natural and toxic components that can cause harm to the coral ecosystems. There is also sedimentation buildup that occurs at the mouth of the rivers that lead into the oceans. This causes algae blooms that take over sections of coral, blocking the sunlight and hurting its ability to survive. The coral reefs have a hard time surviving through human pollution by petroleum leaks and other chemicals that get dumped into the oceans. Coral Reef Sea Life Royal Gramma Firefish Octopus Jellyfish Krill Hermit Crab Sea Star Sea Turtle Squid Whale Dolphin Anemone Trunkfish Grunts Manta Ray and many more... Coral Problems Tropical (Warm) Coral Reef Temperature Hammer Coral Brain Coral Toadstool Leather Coral Blacktip Reef Shark Carpet Anemone Giant Clam Dwarf Seahorse Parrotfish Cuttlefish Butterflyfish Yellow-headed Jawfish Zebra Shark Hawkfish Angelfish Regal Tang Clownfish Coral Reef Coral Reefs in the World By: Gwen Washington D.Wilkins Alex Walters Jasmine Tanthongsack Turtle Grass Shoal Grass Manatee Grass Red Algae Green Algae Grape Algae Brown Algae 61 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit "Coral Gardens of the Deep Sea." Ocean Portal by The Smithsonian Institution. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Nov. 2012. <http://ocean.si.edu/ocean-news/corals-cold-water/coral-gardens-deep-sea>. "Coral." National Geographic. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Nov. 2012. <http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/invertebrates/coral/>. "Coral Reef Protection: What Are Coral Reefs?" Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Nov. 2012. <http://water.epa.gov/type/oceb/habitat/coral_index.cfm>. "Coral Reefs." Coral Reefs. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Nov. 2012. <http://ete.cet.edu/modules/coralreef/CRcoralreefs.html>. Cold Water Coral Reef Temperature 39 to 55 degrees Fahrenheit Great Barrier Reef in Queensland, Australia Pulley Ridge in Florida Works Cited

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