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Transcript: Adult Body What is "Tools of Trade?" Steps of an Autopsy Some people do not do autopsies because of the religion. Some religions that may oppose to autopsies are Greek Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Baptist, Methodist, etc. Some people don't do autopsies because they are too expensive. (Up to $5,000) Maybe it may be clear to the family members what was the cause of death. "Tools of Trade." Tools of Trade. N.p., 14 Sept. 2013. Web. 14 Sept. 2013. Valdes, Robert. "HowStuffWorks "How Autopsies Work"." HowStuffWorks "Science". N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Sept. 2013. "Things To Know - Autopsy 101 | Post Mortem | FRONTLINE | PBS." PBS: Public Broadcasting Service. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Sept. 2013. Friedlander, Ed, M.D., and Pathologist. "Autopsy." The Pathology Guy. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Sept. 2013. "AUTOPSIES RESEARCH GROUP - Autopsies Research Group - Home." AUTOPSIES RESEARCH GROUP - Autopsies Research Group - Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Sept. 2013. Why are autopsies performed? An autopsy will be necessary to provide medical information about a death. The benefit of doing an autopsy is so that it can provide detailed information about the cause of death and some factors that may or may have not contributed to the cause of death. Even though the cause of death seems clear, the person may have had a medical condition that was not present during life. Toothed Forceps- Used for the teeth because they are a liability in that they increase the risk of cross contamination between specimens, so untoothed forceps are used there. Hagedorn Needle- Used for sowing up the body after the body is finished. Heavy twine is used for this procedure. Skull Chisel- Used for finishing the separation of the top of the calvarium from the lower skull exposing the brain and its coverings. Enterotome- Used for opening the intestines. Hammer with Hook- Used to seperate the calvarium from the lower skull. Breadknife- Used to cut solid organs into slices for examination, photography, and display. What specific tools are used for which autopsy need/activity? Questions about Autopsies Tools Cont. Is an Autopsy always necessary? A autopsy is not always necessary. The OCME will determine if it is ncessesary to do the autopsy after he or she get some information about the victims death. Who gets the final copy of the Autopsy Report? The Autopsy report is mailed to the physicians and their job is to contact the family member's of the descendent. If the family members have any question they should ask the physicians and if the physician can't answer their question then they have to contact the pathologists. Baby Body The tools of trade are the things that you need in order to do the job. Questions Cont. Are there any reasons why certain people may not want an autopsy performed? Bibliography Bone Saw- Used to open through the skull, but slower than the vibrating saw. Scissors-Used to open hollow organs and trimming off tissue. Scalpel- Used to reach further in the body cavities. They use #22 the largest scalpel. Rib Cutters- Used to cut through the ribs, so that they can lift up the chest plate. Vibrating Saw- Used to remove the brain. What is the difference between a Hospital Autopsy and a Forensic Autopsy? Hospital Autopsies include external and internal examinations that are performed after death, using surgical techniques. Their goal is to answer specific questions and identify diseases or problems related to a patient's death. Rather than Forensic Autopsies who have to determine a person's cause of death, forensic pathologists must establish the manner of death ( natural, accident, suicide or homicide) and identity of the decedent (if not known), as well as the decedent's time of death and/or injury. The autopsy also involves evaluating the scene, clothing and toxicology. Autopsy By: Katia Balderas 1. Get a paper or voice recorder to start taking notes 2. The age, gender, weight, and height should be recorded and noted. 3. They should take fingerprints in case of a police investigation. 4. Examine the body very closely, meticulously, under magnification. 5. Check for any dental work. 6. Check the genital are for any signs of rape, bruising and tearing. 7. Take a photographic picture of the body, clothed and nude. 8. Take a blood sample for DNA purposes. 9. Split the ribcage, open it up, and examine the heart and the lungs. Note any abnormalities and take another blood sample from the heart. 10. It's time to open the chest cavity. Not in too much detail. Make a y incision from chest to brisket. Open the caity and check if the ribs are broken. 11. Examine individually all the organs in the chest cavity. Note any abnormalities, weigh it, and take tissue samples. 12. Repeat the process of the chest cavity to the lower body in the intestines or spleen. Food may determine the time of death. 13. Take urine sample using a syringe. 14. Carefully examine the eyes, any hemangioma or petechial rash can be a sign of choking or strangulation. 15. Examine the head. Check for

Free Read PowerPoint

Transcript: Free Read PowerPoint Project Judith Rumelt, better known by her pen name Cassandra Clare, is an American author of young adult fiction. Main Characters Summary Prominent literary item Will Herondale-Will has dark hair and ocean blue eyes. Will is rude and cruel because he believes everyone that loves him will die. He believes this because a demon put a 'curse' on him. Tessa Gray- Tessa has blonde hair and grey eyes. She is very witty and enjoys literature. Recommendation of book Setting Jem Carstairs-Jem has silver hair and eyes, due to the drug he was tortured with before his family was killed. He plays the violin and is very kind, caring, and lovable. The most unique thing in Clockwork Angel is that there are supernatural occurrences such as demons, shape shifters, witches, vampires, and werewolves, etc. I definitely recommend Clockwork Angel by Cassandra Clare. I recommend this book because it uses great figurative language, such as "The machine walked like a man." Also, "There was a boy standing in front of her. He couldn´t have been much older than she was-seventeen or possibly eighteen. He was dressed in what looked like workman´s clothes-a frayed black jacket, trousers, and tough-looking boots. He wore no waistcoat, and thick leather straps crisscrossed his waist and chest. Attached to the straps were weapons-daggers and folding knives and things that looked like blades of ice. In His left hand-slim and long fingered-was bleeding where she had gashed the back of it with her pitcher. But that wasn´t what made her stare. He had the most beautiful face she had ever seen. Tangled black hair and eyes like blue glass. Elegant cheekbones,and long, thick lashes. He looked like every fictional hero she´d ever conjured up in her head. Tessa Gray goes to London to live with her brother. When she arrives Tessa is captured by twin sisters dubbed 'the Dark Sisters'. She was tortured and forced to use her gift of shape shifting for evil until Will Herondale rescues her. He then takes her to the institute, a place for shadowhunters to be cared for. Tessa meets the residents of the institute, Charlotte Branwell, the head of the institute, Henry Branwell, Charlotte's husband and inventor of a many great inventions, Jessamine Lovelace, girly and against all things shadowhunter, Jem Carstairs, a kind but very ill shadowhunter. Presentation Themes Clockwork Angel by Cassandra Clare Most unique thing in the book Presentation by Canaan Hall Clockwork Angel takes place in the institute, and the Dark Sister's home. The institute is an old church with very many rooms for passing visitors. The Dark Sister's house is large but sparsly furnished, in Tessa's room there is a bed with restraints, a mirror, and a nightstand with a few books. The themes for Clockwork angel are; you always need friends that you can trust, don't judge someone by their looks you don't know what they are going through, and even someone you wouldn't expect could be the hero. Cassandra Clare One prominent literary item in the book is personification. Personification is used throughout Clockwork Angel, such as "The machine walked like a man." Another example is, "The door creaked with a noise that sounded like a scream."


Transcript: There are many different traditions and practices that happen in the world. Some of these traditions are more acceptable than others, while some of them are just plain bizarre. For some people they can accept what is happening while others don’t quite get it. They can’t wrap their minds around it. One practice that could be considered this is the practice of pitvy. This practice was brought to us from the Greek. We learned from what they were doing and stated to do it on our own. This procedure is usually done by patologs, but can be performed by anyone. The practice of pitvy starts with a person going in and removing all of their clothes. After they have gotten rid of their clothes, they have to lie on the cold metal table that is set up in the middle of the room. This is for the purpose of patologs to be able to study the patient. This procedure, that the patient willingly has done, can last as long as 30 minutes to many hours and will result in scaring. When the patients are waiting to be seen, they wait in a locked individual room. They can wait up to two days in the room. There are two parts to this procedure. For the first part, the patologs do a head to toe detailed inspection. They look at the patient’s hair on their scalps, the color of their eyes, teeth, fingernails, chest, and any other part of their body. Their observations are documented on paper. They also take pictures of the patient. The second part deals with the patient’s internal organs. The patologs make incisions in the patient. If the patient is a male, then patologs make an incision that looks like a “Y”. If the patient is female, then patologs make an incision that looks like a “T”. These incisions are made across each of the patient’s chest. During this the patients stay perfectly still, and don’t care that they are having an incision made. While the incision is still open the patologs examine their insides. Then after they are done they sew the patient back together and send them off to the family, or locked back into one of the rooms. Then the patologs write down anything that they find. After the patologs are done examining them they are sent back to their family, there is very little conversation after they return to there family. After they are with the family they are put in another enclosed area and are no longer seen by anyone again. this is a good website to get info from: ok yeah so we should save it then get off?

Autopsy !

Transcript: 1. The scene where the body was found should be examined for important evidence 2. People at the scene should be interviewed 3. The body should be wrapped in a clean, white sheet or paced in a clean body bag. 4. The body should be transported to the medical examiner facility. 5. The clothing of the body should be examined. Anatomical Position D A ) Medial B ) Ventral C ) Proximal D ) Cephalic Which anatomical term refers to the upper surface or back of the body? Answer 1 Answer 2 Algor Mortis: the reduction in body temperature following death. Livor Mortis: a settling of blood in the lower portion of the body, causing a purplish red discoloration of skin. Rigor Mortis: stiffening of the muscles of a body a few hours after death, usually lasting one to four days. A ) Circulatory B ) Nervous C ) Endocrine D ) Skelatal What is rigor mortis? Anatomical Terms Question 6 A ) Skelatal B ) Endocrine C ) Excretory D ) Circulatory A ) Cooling of the body B ) Teeth falling out C ) Pooling of the blood Autopsy A ) Reproductive B ) Respiratory C ) Excretory D ) Digestive Stages of Death A Sequence of Autopsy Question 10 Question 4 What is livor mortis? 6. The body should be undressed. 7. The body should be examined externally. 8. The boyd should be photographed and fingerprints can be taken. 9. The body should be washed and cleaned so that a close unobstructed inspection is possible. 10. The body should be examined for evidence of recent injury or wounds and for unusual marks or discoloration. 11. The information discovered in each step of the procedure is documented and recorded and a written autopsy report is prepared at teh conclusion of an autopsy. Question 8 Whch anailitical term means toward the tail or rear end? Excretory System: passive biological system that removes excess, unnecessary materials from the body fluids of an organism, so as to help maintain internal chemical homeostasis and prevent damage to the body. Answer 5 Which body system takes in oxygen and removes carbon dioxide? D A Answer 9 Question 2 B Death: The total permanent cessation of all the vital functions of an organism. Autopsy: a postmortem examination to discover the cause of death or the extent of disease. Question 3 Answer 3 A ) Homicide B ) Suicide C ) Acident D ) All of the above An autopsy is always required in Answer 8 Cause of Death: the circumstances of the accident or violence which produced fatal injury. Manner of Death: how the cause of death arose; natural, homicide, or accident Mode of Death: the classifcation of categories used to define whether a death is from intentional, unintentional, natural or undetermined causes. Answer 4 A ) Medial B ) Proximal C ) Posterior D ) Ventral What is algor mortis? Which body system transports nutrients, gases, and chemical waste? Question 9 Answer 10 Circulatory System: the system that circulates blood and lymph through the body, consisting of the heart, blood vessels, blood, lymph, and the lymphatic vessels and glands. Question 1 Anterior: indicates a direction toward the head of an animal as it is found in the anatomical Cephalic: pertaining to the head Distal: indicates a position of attachment Dorsal: refers to the upper surface or back of the body Inferior: refers to a location on the body that is physically lower Lateral: indicates a position toward the side of the body, or away from the midline Question 5 A ) settling of blood B ) stiffining of muscles C ) cooling of body A 30 year man committed suicide using 3 knifes. He had wound channels varying from 1.5 to 20 cm channels. During the autopsy they discovered he had one injury on the left side of the chest, and eleven injuries in the abdomen. It was discovered that the fatal injury was in the abdomen were the abdominal aorta was cut. This caused massive blood loss. There was no sign of a murder here because no injuries where found of someone trying to defend himself. A ) Yellowing of teeth B ) Cooling of temperture C ) Stiffining of muscles D ) Pooling of blood Answer 6 Body Systems Medial: the midline of the body, running from head to tail Posterior: toward the tail or rear end Proximal: indicates a position closer to the point of attachment Sagittal Plane: an imaginary plane parallel to the midline, dividing the body into right and left parts Superior: refers to a location on the body that is physically higher Ventral: on the underside of the body D A ) Dorsal B ) Superior C ) Distal D ) Lateral Which anatomical term means pertaning to the head? Sequence of Autopsy Answer 7 B Skeletal System The framework of the body, consisting of bones and other connective tissues, which protects and supports the body tissues and internal organs. The human skeleton contains 206 bones, six of which are the tiny bones of the middle ear (three in each ear) that function in hearing. Which body system consists of fluids with cells that fight disease? Important Vocabulary B C Endocrine system: the collection of glands that produce hormones that

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