Transcript: Community Policing Tiffany Ngo Community Policing Community Policing Community policing is when law enforcement partners up with community members and work together towards a safer environment for the citizens in that neighborhood. Anecdotal Evidence Anecdotal Evidence Vincent Esposito is a Community Patrol Officer Program (CPOP) officer assigned to the 72nd precinct in Brooklyn, NY. This is where he had built a relationship with the residents in the neighborhood and gained their trust. They told him confidential information about where drug dealers keep their stash. Using this information, he was able to seize the drugs and put a stop to the dealers. Statistical Evidence Statistical Evidence In New York, the police department started implementing community policing in their structure. Through this system, the felony crime rate dropped 5.3% across the city. In 2014, a case study showed 27 of the 65 comparison analyzed, there was a 5-10% odds of reduced crime. Community policing was found to be 80% effective with 40% of the citizens satisfied with the police work. Statistical Evidence Statistical Evidence Expert Opinion Expert Opinion Norm Stamper is a police officer for 34 years with a PhD in leadership adn human behavior. He thinks community policing works if there is a collaborative between officers and citizens. They work together to build a system where both gets to have an input in what goes on. Conclusion Conclusion From the evidence, community policing is working based on the relationships between law enforcement and citizen. In cities where community policing is part of the structure, there has been a decrease in crime. This is due to the gained trust between them and how they feel safe to confide in the officers about stuff in their neighbirhood. Evaluation Evaluation Police should use community policing because it will build a better relationship between law enforcement and citizens. By building these relationships, officers will have a way to get confidential information on how to keep neighborhoods safe for everyone. This will also make the citizens feel safer and put more trust into officers.
Transcript: Community Policing Complying and enforcing the law with fairness and transparency, and especially equality Evolution of community policing: In 1993 it was called,Community participation It was based on an approach to community Consisted in creating programs in which the community participate In: Improvement of green areas and parks constant help to the community Help more timely by the police In 1997 was appointed Police Community This model consisted perform work by sectors, municipalities and neighborhoods There were two types of patrol : patrolling on horseback ,bike patrol In 2006 was denominated, Community Policing METHODOLOGY: Its methodology consisted of: -diagnosis -prioritization -formulation -workplan Also, shock or reaction groups were implemented to support community work in 2014 the new model (community policing quadrant) was created is currently the model applied by the National Police. It consists of, have a specific jurisdiction. generate a full police service Respond to social security needs Also applies the individual responsibility by each policeman Maintain and preserve,coexistence and security of the citizenship of the country All this applied to the needs of the community Respecting the rights and freedoms of all Colombians. design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi continued presence of the police by their respective quadrant TAMIR boards : tables of minimum actions required It was a new model for measuring the Police Service
Transcript: The use of this will identify and solve problems quickly and effectively. Everyone becomes part of the elite force that solves crime. All citizens within a community feel like they have a big part in it. The police will have a huge role in the community and not be looked at as the 'bad guys'. Community Policing As members of the Pensacola Police station, I encourage you to implement the set of methods of community police as soon as possible! I would hold a meeting for the whole city and let them know what community policing is and the philosophy of it! Be kind and realize that all members of the community can help you catch that 'bad guy' that you have been trying to search for months now! Use all methods the way they were meant to be implemented and always be kind and helpful! There are many ways that community policing can be implemented throughout neighborhoods. Some of the most effective common ways would be the use of foot patrol, door-to-door contact, store-fronts, setting up events and meetings for the police officer to interact with the community members. Another simple way of starting community policing would be all local officers just greeting everyone within that community and ensure everyone has a positive image of that officer. Why should we be practicing community policing? The Philosophy "Community Policing." (2005): n. pag. U.S Department of Justice. Aug. 1994. Web. 2 Apr. 2016. • Bohm, Robert M., and Keith N. Haley. AJ 100: Intro to Criminal Justice. Boston: McGraw-Hill Learning Solutions, 2012. Print. • "Discover Policing." Police Jobs in Community Policing. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Apr. 2016. Together, officers and citizens can stop crime! The Pensacola area has over 52,000 people living here. 150 of them are swore police officers. With the use of police officers and citizens working together, the Pensacola area can become very safe by using community policing procedures. The Pensacola area is a perfect community to start implementing community policing. This area is filled with students from the local university and college as well as retirees. With many people afraid of cops from what they see on T.V its better to start implementing community policing as soon as possible! Slowly, the Pensacola Police department can show all individuals in a community what they have to offer and how safe the community will before with the use of community policing! What is Community Policing? Community policing is a philosophy and a set a methods to bring police officers and all members of a community closer together. With all the negative attention police officers receive in the media, local police stations need to find ways to stop police brutality and to have all citizens in the community trust the police officers. The Pensacola Area As long as officers are nice and trustworthy to all members in the community, the negative image will fade By Cheyenne Perry Conclusion Work cited Set of Methods As members of Pensacola, I encourage you to be friendly to all police officers! As introduce yourself if you get the chance! If you have any questions, comment, or concerns, I encourage you to seek help from the police department and always talk to officers with a open mind! Always let them know if you witness or hear suspicions activity in your neighborhood. Familiarize yourself with all the rules and law within this community! What can we do now... As citizens of Pensacola What can we do now..? As members of the Pensacola Police Department The philosophy of community policing is that members in a community and police officers will come together and form a partnership to understand why crime occurs and stop it. Together they will identify problems, purpose solutions, and implement actions. In order to achieve these goals, both parties must be able to trust each other. The use of foot patrol is very effective in learning information about the community
Transcript: the police alone cannot prevent crimes... the future of police work is dependent upon public cooperation "Broken Windows" idea: Once a neighborhood is decaying, it will attract crime if nobody does anything to prevent the decay In order to get a handle on violence in a community, police must form working partnerships with community Nov 3rd, 2015- Missouri police officer replaces autistic teen’s stolen Halloween decoration http://www.policeone.com/community-policing/articles/35958006-Mo-cop-replaces-autistic-teen-s-stolen-Halloween-decoration/ What is it? Allocating police officers to particular areas so that they become familiar with the local inhabitants Enhances the safety and quality of neighborhoods What were your thoughts on community policing before the presentation, and have they changed? would you argue that this is a good idea for our society? why or why not? Nov 5th, 2015- New Mexico police officer buys shoes for a homeless man and gives him $20 or food http://www.policeone.com/community-policing/articles/37928006-Video-NM-officer-buys-shoes-for-barefoot-homeless-man/ Lizzie Bell, Stefanny Urbina Rivera "THE USE AND EFFECTIVENESS OF COMMUNITY POLICING IN A DEMOCRACY." <i>THE USE AND EFFECTIVENESS OF COMMUNITY POLICING IN A DEMOCRACY</i>. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Nov. 2015. "Police-Community Relations: Pilot Project." PsycEXTRA Dataset (1967): 115-28. Web. 6 Nov. 2015 "Community Policing: Promise and Failure." Community Policing: Promise and Failure. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Nov. 2015. "Mo. Cop Replaces Autistic Teen's Stolen Halloween Decoration." PoliceOne. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Nov. 2015. Lizzie Bell Stefanny Urbina Rivera, Lizzie Bell Current Events Discussion Questions Lizzie Bell Why it is NOT effective Why it IS effective SOURCES When going to poor neighborhoods some can assume the behavior if the neighborhood and not treat the people correctly. Socialization of children by parents to fear/distrust the police Confidence in police ability has decreased Less contact by police with citizens Bad cops (rude, corrupt, violent) Some veteran officers would rather not deal with the community Police are not the best communicators Police and citizens have different perspectives on how crime is caused and how to respond to it. Lizzie Bell Stefanny Urbina Rivera Community Policing
Transcript: Community Policing History England Sir Robert Peel Metropolitan Police District What is Community Policing? Collaboration between police and the community that identifies and solves community problems. What are our community problems? Identify problem Examples: Safety Issues Neighborhood Appearance Traffic Problems What can we do about our problems? Differentiate between problem and symptom to find solution Solutions: Awareness Protection Support Crime prevention programs Community events How do we work together? Community Policing Through Enviromental Design Get involved! Neighborhood or Farm Watch Youth programs or sporting events Graffiti eradication Domestic violence programs Source Cited
Transcript: Community Policing By: Hannah Borsay 12/6/2017 MAIN FOCUS AREA Community Policing Thesis Thesis Is my a new form of community policing that allows communities to be divided into sections. Each sections will be elected a certain amount of officers to police them. There will be a police council that will meet with all of the police officers and talk about problems in their section/community. When an officers gets elected to a section that officer has to stay in there section. Each year there will be an election so the officers and the community can find the right fit for their community. There will also still be a main police department with a chief that the police officers have to answer too. Community Policing Short History Community Policing Short History The first community policing programs can be seen in London in 1800s to 1840s The 1960s civil and social turmoils lead to community policing programs in America What is Community Policing? What is Community Policing? Community Policing is a philosophy that promotes organizational strategies that support the systemactic use of partnership and problem-solving techniques to practively address in immediate condition that give rise to public safety issues such as crime ,social disorder, and fear of crime Elements of Community Policing Elements of Community Policing Community Partnership Organizational Transformation Problem Solving The partnership between law enforcement,individual, organization they serve to develop solutions to problems and increase trust in police The alignment of organizational mangement structure personal and information systems to support community partnerships and proactive problem solving The process of engaging in the proactive and systemic examination of indentified problem to develop and evaluate effective response Traditional Based Policing Traditional Based Policing Traditional policing involves officers answering calls and patrolling their communities, looking for crimes that have occurred or that are occurring. Scan - Identify Problem Analyze - Study information about offenders,victim Respond - Outside the box Assess -Evaluate the effectiveness of the strategy FOCUS AREA 1 1 Focus Area Funding Government Funded Donations Fundraisers Community Events Typical Strategies Strategies School officer Foot Patrol Neighborhood crime prevention Mini -Stations Theory "Broken Window Theory" Weidner (2013) stated "Minor disorderly conditions left unchecked will result in neighborhood decline and serious criminal activity"(Ferreira, 1996). Windows left broken, shows lack of care and charge, leading to further broken windows and crime Community members involvement to fix "windows," decreased crime In fact, it is felt that without help of community members, police alone will not be able to prevent crime (Ferreira, 1996) FOCUS AREA 2 FOCUS AREA 2 Advantages Brings communities & police together It can deter crime Educate the community Increases commitment to community Change reputation Create trust Advantages Disadvantages Disadvantages Power Manufactural deviance Different ideas Citizens might not care Relationship might worsen Does Community Policing really work ? Does it Work?? Overall, community-policing strategies have a positive effect on citizen satisfaction and trust in the police, as well as the reduction of individuals’ perception of disorderly conduct, including drug dealing. However, no statistically significant effect was found on reported crime or fear of crime (Maximino). 76 percent of Americans have “a great deal” of respect for police -- up 12 percent from last year Among conservatives – 85 percent respect police “a great deal” compared to 69 percent last year Among liberals, “a great deal” was selected by 71 percent, compared to 50 percent last year Whites who respect police a great deal rose 11 points -- up to 80 percent from 69 percent last year Among non-whites, the rise was more dramatic -- up 14 points from 53 percent to 67 percent The 18-34 age group had the highest jump, going from 50 percent in 2015 to 69 percent in 2016 The 35-54 group went from 61 percent to 77 percent -- a 16 percent increase The 55-and-older crowd rose four percent -- from 77 percent to 81 percent FOCUS AREA 3 FOCUS AREA 3 What have I learned? What have I learned I have learned that community policing is more then just police officers always in the community and them getting along. It takes a lot more effort from both sides but especially from the police department. Because they have to be able to fund community policing and where we are right now as a society. Putting money towards community policing is not the first priority so things that need to be done can't be done. Questions?? Questions?? THANK YOU! Brandl, S. G. (2017). Police in America (3rd Ed.). Thousand Oaks: Sage. Perez, G. J. Walsh, A. M., (2003). Principles of good policing: Avoiding violence Between Police and Citizen. 16-36. Retrieved from https://www.justice.gov Guerra, J. (2016). How
Transcript: Perceptions of safety, professionalism of the police department, and community engagement. a. MPD: business beats b. BPD: bicycle patrols Examples of current implementation cont. Community Policing Texas Case Study Modern law enforcement was founded by Robert Peel Metropolitan Police Department Burlington Police Department These places are utilizing Community Policing through: Bureau of Justice Statistics on Community Policing In 2003, 58% of all departments, employing 82% of officers, used full-time community policing officers during 2003. Collectively, there were about 54,800 local police officers designated as community police officers. Conclusion Active Adjustments "Community policing consists of two complementary core components, community partnership and problem solving" -DOJ Policing in the United States was established prior to the Civil War period The Political Era of policing (1830-1930) The Reformed Era (1930-1970) The Community Policing Era (1970-Present) Ways to Implement community policing Defining No Tolerance policing No tolerance in practice domestically No tolerance in practice overseas Effects of no tolerance Fallbacks and criticism 4. Empowering Communities to help solve their own crime and disorder problems through Sponsorship or Crime Prevention Programs. Rochester PD Adult Engagement: MyPD App Crime Stoppers Program The Dug Hotline Police and Citizens Together Against Crime (PAC-TAC) Community Volunteer Response Team (CVRT) Clergy Response Team (CRT) Community Survey Include: Examples of current implementation cont. police strategy used in particular areas to become familiar with the locals new resolve from the community and new thinking from police community partnership & problem-solving goal is to reduce crime & disorder reduces crime & fear clear statement of beliefs & goals Missing Persons: Buffalo police will post information on recent cases involving missing persons. Please call Buffalo Police with any information about missing persons. Coincides with the basic element of community based crime prevention offers: 1. Report Form 2. Report via email 3. Confidential Report tip hotline Case Studies Cont. Results? Brazil • Implemented Policia Militar in the 1980s • Chose to test out Community Policing because of decrease of public trust in police • 1996 Reform • Consulting Commission for the Implantation of Community Policing • Currently there are at least 14 Brazilian States that operate through Community Policing 3. Permitting the public to participate in setting police priorities and developing tactics. a. MPD: SNIP, List Serve b. BPD: Have multiple presentations about Crime Prevention and work with non profits. Tactics: Patrol officers in cars on the beat Some officers on specific beats Building community partnerships Case Studies Introduction a. MPD: LGBT Crime Division b. BPD: Graffiti Removal Team Name Age Date Missing Status Tanya Mitchell 53 12-23-13 12-23-13 active Amanda Bieber 26 12-23-13 12-22-13 active Roberto DeJesus 21 12-23-13 12-19-13 active Mikhalia Cummings 16 12-23-13 12-20-13 active Destenie Colon 15 12-23-13 12-20-13 active Ronnie Jackson 57 12-23-13 - active Alexis Watson 15 12-23-13 12-18-13 active Rashita Ames 17 12-21-13 12-21-13 cleared Kalinda John 13 12-16-13 12-16-13 active Kamia Dixon 17 12-16-13 12-13-13 active 1. Decentralization of Authority and Patrol Strategies designed to promote communication between police citizens. a. MPD: Commander of the district and citizen will set up a forum to stop the issue at hand. b. BPD: Website has an actual “Compliments or Service Concerns” link with very detailed and welcoming instructions. Buffalo PD: Community Involvement Buffalo’s Most Wanted Missing person Cold Case Unit Donate Blood New York State Sex offender Registry Quality of Life Charter and Codes Internal Affairs Citizens Complaint Form: “Report a Tip” THE EFFECTS OF COMMUNITY POLICING ON CRIME AND CRIME CLEARANCE RATES IN TEXAS Metin Arslan, Ph.D. The University of Texas at Dallas, 2010 Hypothesis: H2: agencies with a higher community partnership scale have lower total crime rates. H4: Agencies with a high ratio of community policing officers have lower violent crime Methodology: Population Study: governmental enforcement agencies Qualitative: content analysis Quantitative data: surveys Final Results: H2: Supported. H4: Supported. "We will improve the relationship between police and this community." What are the policies Benefits: Establishes trust for law enforcement Public support for law enforcement increases. Easier for police to obtain information Turns crime fighting to crime prevention Reduces fear in communities Re-allocation of resources 2. A commitment to problem oriented policing. Examples of current Implementation No Tolerance vs Community Policing Informing the community and encouraging involvement: Haiti • Previously underwent years of Military Rule • 1994: 1st developed a non-military police force • Civilian Force: Haitian National Police
Transcript: Physical Characteristics - Suburban area - Child friendly area - Community opportunities - Main road routes Yes. Working with the Community Access Control http://www.peelpolicemaps.ca/ Access Control artnerships: Citizens of the community, Morgaurd Property Management Team, Peel Regional Police, City of Brampton, Business owners in the community. - Alert surrounding businesses of proposed plan. -Arrange public information meetings to better understand the publics needs and wants. -Work in tandem, with community out-reach programs. -Allow members of the community to have an electoral vote on the project by presenting multiple scenarios and options. -Involve necessary Government bodies. Goals to keep in mind: a) Restore community based policing efforts b) Restore community appearance and upkeep, c) Plan for long term and adapt to change as years and ideas progress d) Staying focused on the Original Complaint addressing the matter as required. Largely identifiable entrance ways. Indicates people to use this entrance making it much more easier to locate people. Bramalea City Centre - Bus Terminal Users of the transit terminal as well as those who we Yes, broken window theory A feel need to be involved. lient: City of Brampton, Bramalea Community Access control gone wrong! A esponse: Cleansing of area, higher police patrol, advanced security technology and foot patrol, community awareness. C Stake Holders: letters, out-reach programs, electoral vote, incentive programs. The ability to easily view the inside and outside of the facility through a glass structure make criminal behaviour less likely as there is a much higher chance to be caught. Crime Over the Past 30 Days! R Territorial Reinforcement Small chance of conflict from persons creating the problem. Involvement Problem Solving Method: CAPRA cquire: Problem identified as, loitering, littering, smoking, drugs, disorderly behavior Political Issue: Systemic Issue: Connection Strategies: Conflict: Restorative Justice: Surroundings: Peel Regional Police Bramalea City Centre Knightsbridge community Civic Centre And many more.. Problem Statement approach in their wards. ssessment: Rate of current problem decrease, Broken Window Theory eliminated, less timid area. Community Policing & Development Project This photo shows an attempt to limit access to the meter by fencing the area as well as locking the gate. Although this idea does prevent vandalism it gives a chance of roof access to the building. During our CPTED Audit it was apparent that the newly built transit terminal was built following the guides of CPTED. As shown: In addition to this we were able to identify one area which could be addressed. As shown: Posting signs give a very clear indication that any of these acts if committed will be punishable by a court of law. - Mayor Susan Fennel - City Councilor Bob Callahan (Ward 3,4) - Director of Works and Transit T.W. Mulligan -Director of Economic Development and Communications Dennis Cutajar -Regional Councilor Sandra Hames and Gael Miles (Ward 7,8) -Regional Councilor John Sanderson (Ward 3,4) -Police Superintendent Steve Wollaston -Morgaurd Property Management Team -Residence of the area -Business owners of the area -Average age: 35 -Majority of area is businesses. -Small residential community (child friendly). -Race: Caucasian, African-American and South Asian. -MP: Bal Gosal of the Conservative party of Canada -Urban elements -Major shopping area -Surveys in order to identify our client and acquire about the problem -Previous crime data to help acquire about the problem -Help from community groups and Government initiatives as partnerships - Community policing as a response to the problem -C.P.T.E.D as a response to the problem as per the community design -Monthly and annual audits of the area in order to assess our work Yes. as regional councilors should take a proactive CPTED Audit Natural Surveillance P The above web link shows Peel Regional Police statistics for the following crimes in Peel Region: Homicide Robbery Muggings Break and enter Auto theft Theft from vehicle Mischief The complaint at hand is that there seems to be a high amount of drugs, loitering, disorderly behavior, noise, smoking and littering that is impacting the area. Our team came to discover a fair amount of the problems arising are being committed by a younger crowd mainly between the ages or 15-28 years of age. We were able to discover this as this is the majority age of the citizens that not only use the transit terminal but also attend the surrounding areas. Many students and young people use public transportation system to visit the mall and due to that fact the transit terminal becomes a hotspot for incidents involving youth. The above problem has become a very large nuisance to other who use the transit terminal and also those in the surrounding areas such as businesses, residents of the area, and Bramalea City Centre. We will certainly know our goals have been achieved
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