Transcript: Music of the 1940's By: Briana, JR, and Virginia Famous Blues singers include, Billie Holiday, W.C. Handy and Bessie Smith. Billie Holiday was part of the band Benny Goodman in 1933. Famous songs were "Memphis Blues" and "St. Louis Blues". Blues Blues is a slow genre that became one of the strands woven into Jazz. No one knows exactly where or when Blues was born. Blues music get its name from the sadness of its words. To 'feel blue" meant to feel sad. Polka Music Polka Jazz Music Polka is a genre of dance music that is familiar in Europe and Central America. It is a type of folk music. There are several different genres of polka. Famous Songs and Artists Famous artists include Nat King Cole and Roy Eldridge. Famous songs are "Nat Meets June" and "I'm Nobody's Baby". Songs and Artists Famous polka artists are Walt Groller and Romy Gosz. Famous polka songs are "Roll Out The Buttons" and "Grandpa's Coal Mining Song". Examples of Music musical style that originated at the beginning of the 20th century Rhythm and improvisation are the two most important elements of Jazz. Jazz has a strong, lively beat. Famous Songs and Artists Blues Music Jazz
Transcript: Blues Music! Why? African Slaves sang blues music.It was a way of freedom for the slaves to express how they were feeling. Who? First sang by african slaves. But recently different artist have beeing singing the blues music. When? During the 18th and 19th centuries. Famous blues songs 1. Memphis Blues - W.C. Handy 2. Crazy Blues - Mamie Smith 3. Pine Top Boogie - Pine Top Smith 4. Dust My Broom - Elmore James 5. Boogie Chillun - John Lee Hooker 6. Mannish Boy - Muddy Waters 7. Stormy Monday - T-Bone Walker 8. Hellhound On My Trail - Robert Johnson 9. Spoonful - Willie Dixon 10. The Thrill Is Gone - B.B. King W.C Handy! W.C. Handy first heard the Blues being played by a lone Bluesman at the railroad depot in Tutwiler, Mississippi, in 1903. Handy W.C handy is considered the 'father of the blues' Handy is credited with helping popularize blues music in the early 2oth century. William Christopher Handy was born on November 16, 1873, in Florence, Alabama. Blues lyrics Wade in the water wade in the water,chilren wade in the water god's gonna trouble the water Here is the chorus of a famous blues song wade in the water. Bleus lyrics show how the slaves were feeling. Bleus lyrics are always sad.
Transcript: blues artists her birth name was: Ida Prather. he was born in: 1928 Body Body he was born in: 1896 instruments: vocals, guitar She was a singer he died in: 2008 she died when she was 71 Body Body Tommy Johnson bo diddley Body Ida Cox Body Born: 25th Feb 1896 his birth name was: Ellas Otha Bates blues music he died in 1956 Active from 1910s-1960 she was born in: 1896 Ida Cox Body
Transcript: The instruments The 12-bar blues or blues changes is one of the most popular chord progressions in popular music. The blues progression has a distinctive form in lyrics and phrase and chord structure and duration. a reason for the "blues" is that it derived from mysticism involving blue indigo, which was used by many West African cultures in death and mourning ceremonies where all the mourner's garments would have been dyed blue.This mystical association towards the indigo plant, grown in many southern US slave plantations, combined with the West African slaves who sang of their suffering as they worked on the cotton that the indigo dyed eventually resulted in these expressed songs being known as the Blues. the blues genre is based on the blues form but can also be related to specific lyrics, lines,bass lines or even instruments. blues music can be divided into sub genres such as country, delta, jump and chicago blues. The instruments most commonly related to the blues are: Guitar,Bass guitar,Piano,Harmonica Double bass,Drums,Saxophone,Vocals Trumpet and the Trombone. Blues music Some history The genre World War II marked the transition from acoustic to electric blues and the progressive opening of blues music to a wider audience. In the 1960s and 1970s, a mix-mash form called blues-rock evolved. Detail 3 blues music originated in the african-american communities around the end of the 19th century from work songs, field hollers, shouts and chants to rhymed simple narrative ballads. "The blues takes many forms... It is variously a feeling, a mood, a nameless threat, a person, a lover, a boss man, a mob, and, of course, the Devil himself." Edward Comentale Arbee Stidham Angela Strehli Koko Taylor Mick Taylor Tabby Thomas Rufus Thomas Ron Thompson George Thorogood Andrew Tibbs Ali Farka Touré Robin Trower Walter Trout Titus Turner Jimmie Vaughan Stevie Ray Vaughan Mose Vinson Willie D. Warren Kazumi Watanabe Boogie Bill Webb Stan Webb Valerie Wellington Golden "Big" Wheeler Johnny Winter Alan Wilson just some of the blues singers / players over the year Detail 2 The origin of blues music The twelve bar blues
Transcript: W.C. Handy Muddy Waters Ray Charles Billie Holiday B.B. King Stevie Ray Vaughan Blues music is revived in the 1960's Considered "urban American music" that was influenced by race, class, and place. Many blues musicians got their start by singing in public places between the mid-1950's and the early 1960's. Vocal rhythm and blues is also called doo-wop. Blues music is like a conversation between the singer and an instrument, either played by the singer or an accompanying musician Blues has distinct vocals that are often referred to as "field hollers" or "moans". Vocal improvisation is popular in blues music. The History of Blues Blues music became a popular style of music in the fall of 1912 when W.C Handy composed the first commercially successful blues song, "Memphis Blues". "Memphis Blues" was the first blues song to be preserved on record. Blues music is considered the folk music and has European and African influences Blues music is like a conversation between the singer and an instrument, either played by the singer or an accompanying musician Blues Music Bibliography "Blue Hawaii." Wilson Quarterly 37.2 (2013): 88-90. Literary Reference Center. Web. 20 Feb. 2014. Goldblatt, David. "Nonsense In Public Places: Songs Of Black Vocal Rhythm And Blues Or Doo-Wop." Journal Of Aesthetics & Art Criticism 71.1 (2013): 101-110. Art & Architecture Complete. Web. 20 Feb. 2014. Piero Scaruffi. A History of Blues Music. "History of Popular Music". January 2007. Web. 20 Feb. 2014. Monod, David. "“Ev'rybody's Crazy 'Bout The Doggone Blues”: Creating The Country Blues In The Early Twentieth Century." Journal Of Popular Music Studies 19.2 (2007): 179-214. Academic Search Complete. Web. 20 Feb. 2014. Wald, Elijah. The Blues : A Very Short Introduction. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010. eBook Collection (EBSCOhost). Web. 20 Feb. 2014. Well-known Blues Musicians Blues as an Art Form Blues Makes a Comeback
Transcript: Sweet home Chicago By Robert Johnson The lyrics are simple and it is easy to understand the theme Blues lyrics commonly deal with hard times and personal conflicts There are topics of pride, defiance, love, and anger Blues music seldom contains happy topics, nevertheless it it is often uplifting. Blues provides a way to deal with sorrow, rather than dwell on it. Origin The Blues originated in southern plantations in the late 1800s/early 1900s. This style of music was first shaped by slaves and ex-slaves with influences from folk songs, African-American spirituals, traditional songs, European hymns, work songs and hollers, and other popular music at the time. "Have you ever had the blues and heard the Blues on the radio and felt just a little bit better…" The Blues references Oh baby don't you want to go Oh baby don't you want to go Back to the land of California to my sweet home Chicago The Lyrical Content Blues Music The Music Structure By 1910, the blues began to take on the common form that it has today 12 Bars 12 Measures AAB Lyrical structure Verse-Verse-Chorus Blues scale Interval: 1, b3, 4, b5, 5, b7 http://www.scaruffi.com/history/blues.html http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Music_Theory/Blues#Common_Blues_Elements http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Origins_of_the_blues http://songwriting.songstuff.com/article/aab-song-form/ http://www.metrolyrics.com/sweet-home-chicago-lyrics-robert-johnson.html http://www.shmoop.com/blues-history/summary.html “Crossroad Blues” (Robert Johnson, 1936) “Sweet Home Chicago” (Robert Johnson, 1936) “Dust My Broom” (Robert Johnson/Elmore James, 1936) “Pride and Joy” (Stevie Ray Vaughan, 1983) - Examples
Transcript: Terrible, unpleasant, bad Having no hope Despair: Blues Origin Mamie Smith - Crazy Blues Musical sounds that produce chords Improvisation: Blues Music Harmonies: Catfish Blues - Corey Harris Whatever the notes of the tune, the chords are always the same B.B. King - Blues Boys Tune Typical Blues Music An Example Lacking money/love/care Having advantages Privilege: To make the music up as you go along. 'On the spot' By Kiriana Granger I can't sleep at night I can't eat a bite 'Cause the man I love He don't treat me right He makes me feel so blue I don't know what to do Sometime I sit and sigh And then begin to cry 'Cause my best friend Said his last goodbye Some Examples john Lee Hooker - Chill out Appalling: The first Blues singers were African Slaves. Their music grew from despair of slavery. Even after their release in 1865 the slaves were still held down by appalling poverty, and deprived of any kind of privilege. For many this ‘freedom’ was worse than the slavery. By singing the blues it was a way for the black Americans to express their feelings with one another at the time. Deprived: Glossary The most common form of Blues is the 12 bar Blues. It is called this because of the length of the music is twelve bars, and it also fits with the typical Blues lyrics. Whatever tune is used, the harmonies stay more or less the same. This means the tunes are always similar. It also means that they can be improvised, just like we have previously done.
Transcript: The first Blues singers were African Slaves. Their music grew out of despair of slavery. When the slaves were set free in 1865, they faced poverty and homelessness. The nightmare of slavery was over, but black people were often denied jobs and mistreated in other ways. They sung songs about how miserable they were, about their lives. This is where Blues Music came from. Blues Music usually consists of an improvisation of the Blues Scale, Chords, Walking Bass and some sad, depressing lyrics. This is the blues scale C Eb F F# G Bb C These are the chords: C C C C F F C C G F C C This is Walking Bass: CEGA BbAGE CEGA BbAGE FACD EbDCA CEGA BbAGE GBGD FACA CEFF# G This is an example of some lyrics. This was written by a slave who had been set free, but still lived a very poor life. I been hurt an’ mistreated ‘till I done made up my mind. I been hurt an’ mistreated ‘till I done made up my mind. Gonna leave dis ol’ country An’ all my troubles behind. Chester Arthur Burnett, Mississippi, (June 10, 1910 – January 10, 1976), known as Howlin' Wolf, was an influential American blues singer, guitarist and harmonica player. He was an imposing presence with one of the loudest and most memorable voices of all the "classic" 1950s Chicago blues singers. Blues Music! By Jess B and Fran R History of Blues Music
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