Transcript: Bilingual Education Photo based on: 'horizon' by pierreyves @ flickr Possible Suggestions English Dominance Educational Barriers to Multilingual Learning Multilingualism/ Culturalism Language Status
Transcript: 1968: Bilingual Education Act Passed 1970: Students from Crystal Lake, Texas demand to speak Spanish and learn their Chicano culture 1974: Lau vs. Nichols; Lau argues that students are not receiving an equal eduation 1975: National Board of Bilingual Education is formed 1998: California Prop 227; eliminates all Bilingual Education; must use only English in the classroom 2000: Arizona Prop 203; same as California, eliminating Bilingual Education; requiring English only instruction I strongly believe that bilingual students should receive instruction in their native language. Schools and school districts should work to provide all students with an equal education. Each student deserves the opportunity to be succesful. It is our job to give them those opportunities. A bilingual class will allow a student to acquire the English language and culture while still maintaining their native language. When a student is placed in a bilingual education class they will be able to identify with self and gain a new language. *Bilingual Education is a way of presenting information in two or more languages to students Beykont, Z.F. (2000). Lifting every voice; Pedagogy and politics of bilingualism. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Education Publishing Group http://sitemaker.umich.edu/370blinged/home http://www.pbs.org/kcet/publicschool/roots_in_history/bilingual.html http://www.nabe.org/ Timeline of Bilingual Education Bilingual Education Views and Opinions on Bilingual Education http://www.colorincolorado.org/index.php?langswitch=en 1. Maintaining a student's language and culture 2. Teaching English 3. Promoteing academic success 4. Assisting in students successful acculturation Definition Goals of Bilingual Education *Bilingual Education refers to a variety of approaches used in the classroom using the student's native language Sources
Transcript: What is Bilingual Education? Information presented to students in more than one language. Many education systems and programs are bilingual, but the degree that the instructional languages are utilized and structured differ. Any education system that utilizes more than one language is bilingual. 3 primary bilingual education models in the U.S. 1. Transition or Early Exit Model Students are instructed in their native language to allow them to keep up with peers academically while simultaneously acquiring English. Most popular method used today. 2. Developmental or Late-Exit Model Focuses on the development of full bilingualism Encourages oral fluency and literacy in both English and the students native language. 3. Two-way or Dual Immersion Model Limited English proficient (LEP) students and native English-speaking students are placed in a developmental bilingual education (this environment encourage collaborative efforts at language acquisition) History - From the Colonial era to the present, Bilingual Education has been a highly debated issue - U.S has gone through periods of high and low tolerance of Bilingual Education programs - Highlighting events which have determine policies regarding Bilingual Education: first non-English speaking settlers of the United States repression of the Native American languages and cultures new wave of immigrants in the early 20th century anti-immigrant sentiment brought on by both of the World Wars, progressive action in the 1960s post-September eleventh nativist attitudes Over the Years... The first Bilingual Education schools opened prior to 1800, were not public, and were chiefly parochial institutions. German, French and Scandinavian immigrants opened bilingual schools. Many of these first "bilingual schools" were not even bilingual; they were non-English speaking schools where English was taught as a subject. With the new wave of immigrants arriving in the United States in the early 1900s, the issue of language instruction was pushed to the front burner. Once U.S entered WWI, Anti-German sentiment prompted many schools to end German-English instruction Debate Supporters: Claim that if non-English speaking students are educated in both native and English they will learn English in a more organic and efficient manner, improving their skills both in English and native tongue. Opponents: Argue its costly and wasteful to educate in any language other than English. Due to a lack of an official language, some believe that the presence and use of ‘foreign’ languages is a direct threat to the traditional and esteemed role of the English language. Advantages Helpful while traveling to foreign countries with different languages. Facilitates communication. Independent of translators and interpreters. Knowing a foreign language gives you the opportunity to study and work abroad. Bilingual person has two or more words for each object and idea. Bilingual person may develop the ability to think more flexibly. Once you learn a second language it is easier to learn another language. When parents speak different languages, child learns both languages, and can communicate freely. Current research around the world shows that bilingual people do better at IQ tests compared to monolingual people of about the same SES. Disadvantages Unsuccessful attempt at integration into society. It was seen necessary because it was suppose to help integrate the children of immigrants/minority into society. Bilingual education demanded separation of children and teachers in classrooms, and believed in gradual integration into society by allowing children to receive education in their native language. The separation would widen the already existing gap between citizens and immigrants. School Drop Out Rates Drop out rates across North America has reduced significantly. No reduction in drop out rates for schools offering bilingual education. Most people feel that a drop out rate of 35% doesn’t justify the costs involved in providing bilingual education. Unavailability of Teachers Bilingual education requires a number of trained teachers who are proficient in English and native language. - Lack of classrooms that can accommodate students who require instructions in both English and native languages. - Lack of funds to promote bilingual education Research According to findings by Christine H. Rossell and Keith Baker (1996): Transitional Bilingual Education (TBE) appears to be better for English learners than all-English classroom instruction on standardized tests when it comes to reading, language, and math, but the difference is very small When looking at students individually, TBE seems to have a insignificant amount of benefits since little English instruction can have some negative consequences like academic deficiency in English Bilingual education is an important intervention method , but its only one of the many factors for educational achievement Conclusion Bilingual education can be advantageous to
Transcript: Bilingual Education *involves teaching academic content in two languages, in a native and secondary language with varying amounts of each language used in accordance with the program model. Problem? Opponents of bilingual education say that students that speak other languages besides Spanish are placed in Spanish classes rather than taught in their native languages and that many bilingual education programs fail to teach students English. Critics of bilingual education have claimed that studies supporting bilingual education tend to have poor methodologies and that there is little empirical support in favor of it. if i leaned anything by doing this topic, it would probably be making me more aware that not every student is the same. Every student in our classes will be from different backgrounds, and cultures. Not every student will know English, or know the customs of America. By: Rachel Fink
Transcript: Background photo by t.shigesa http://www.onlinecolleges.net/2012/01/01/20-embarrassing-facts-foreign-language-learning-u-s/ 1. Quite frankly, the bilingual education debate should not even be a hot topic. Either way, students from all backgrounds come out in a win-win situation. 2. LEARNING A SECOND, THIRD, OR EVEN FOURTH LANGUAGE IS NOT HARD. 1. It is estimated that more than half the world speaks at least two languages, compared to our rate of slightly less than 1 in 10. 2. An estimated 60,000 American students study Chinese, compared to 200 million Chinese students studying English. That’s a 1:3,333 ratio. 3. The recent spike in the study of Chinese is due to the fact China is sending us teachers and paying their salaries for us. 4. Five years ago, the number of college students graduating without ever having taken a foreign language class was 92%. 5. In the last 30 years, we’ve had just two presidents with passable abilities in one foreign language. (Ben Franklin spoke 6). Conclusion Here are some alarming statistics about bilingual education in the United States: Challenge Bilingual Education Turning Point
Transcript: Bilingual Education Transitional Bilingual Education-involves education in a child's native language Late-Exit-goal is to develop literacy in the child's native language first then transfer the skills to the second language Dual Language-academic subjects are taught in students second language by a bilingual teachers help Two-Way or Dual Language Immersion-programs to help native and non-native English speakers Some special interest groups are trying to stop public schools from offering bilingual education. These groups say that all classes should be taught only in English, and children who can’t pass should be held back until they learn enough English to advance to the next grade. via http://www.idra.org/Texas_IDRA_PIRC.htm/Platicas/Bilingual_Education/ The first Bilingual Education schools opened prior to 1800, were not public, and were chiefly parochial institutions. German, French and Scandinavian immigrants opened bilingual schools. via http://cerdahdz.webs.com/historyofbilingualed.htm Groups that don’t want teachers to use any language other than English misunderstand how students learn and how important it is for children to grasp basic instruction in all their subjects at the same time they are being taught the English language. Students who are taught in a language they don’t understand are likely to fail their grade. And studies show students who are held back are more likely to drop out of school before they graduate. via http://www.idra.org/Texas_IDRA_PIRC.htm/Platicas/Bilingual_Education/ The benefit from Bilingual Education has greatly impacted me throught school. Being able to learn through both of my languages has made me able to excel in many ways. Being able to learn in ways that suit me not only cognatively but with ease of not having to worry about just speaking english but being able to enhance my spanish roots as well. Parents of children who are educated through bilingual programs should tell other parents that their children learn better and faster in bilingual programs. Students in these programs are less likely to drop out of school before they graduate, and they stand a much better chance for a future filled with opportunity. via http://www.idra.org/Texas_IDRA_PIRC.htm/Platicas/Bilingual_Education/
Transcript: Example of a Jeopardy Template By: Laken Feeser and Rachel Chapman When creating without a template... http://www.edtechnetwork.com/powerpoint.html https://www.thebalance.com/free-family-feud-powerpoint-templates-1358184 Example of a Deal or No Deal Template PowerPoint Game Templates There are free templates for games such as jeopardy, wheel of fortune, and cash cab that can be downloaded online. However, some templates may cost more money depending on the complexity of the game. Classroom Games that Make Test Review and Memorization Fun! (n.d.). Retrieved February 17, 2017, from http://people.uncw.edu/ertzbergerj/msgames.htm Fisher, S. (n.d.). Customize a PowerPoint Game for Your Class with These Free Templates. Retrieved February 17, 2017, from https://www.thebalance.com/free-powerpoint-games-for-teachers-1358169 1. Users will begin with a lot of slides all with the same basic graphic design. 2. The, decide and create a series of questions that are to be asked during the game. 3. By hyper linking certain answers to different slides, the game jumps from slide to slide while playing the game. 4. This kind of setup is normally seen as a simple quiz show game. Example of a Wheel of Fortune Template https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Wheel-of-Riches-PowerPoint-Template-Plays-Just-Like-Wheel-of-Fortune-383606 Games can be made in order to make a fun and easy way to learn. Popular game templates include: Family Feud Millionaire Jeopardy and other quiz shows. http://www.free-power-point-templates.com/deal-powerpoint-template/ Quick video on template "Millionaire" PowerPoint Games Some games are easier to make compared to others If users are unsure whether or not downloading certain templates is safe, you can actually make your own game by just simply using PowerPoint. add logo here References Example of a Family Feud Template PowerPoint Games are a great way to introduce new concepts and ideas You can create a fun, competitive atmosphere with the use of different templates You can change and rearrange information to correlate with the topic or idea being discussed. Great with students, workers, family, etc. For example: With games like Jeopardy and Family Feud, players can pick practically any answers. The person who is running the game will have to have all of the answers in order to determine if players are correct or not. However, with a game like Who Wants to be a Millionaire, the players only have a choice between answers, A, B, C, or D. Therefore, when the player decides their answer, the person running the game clicks it, and the game will tell them whether they are right or wrong.
Transcript: Culture Concerns with cultural problems: Immigrants are scared of losing heritage Immigrants have strong family views and do not need to achieve personal gains. They feel that certain morals will be lost in the American society English only education scares immigrants because they feel wrong values will be learned with it Immigrants are scared of losing contact with others who do not immigrate Immigrants believe their language is the key to keeping culture Education Job Opportunity Main Language in the United States is English Bilingual educations are closing in on those of monolingual educations Thesis Conclusion English only educations are not the answer Time should not be a measure on how intelligent a person is It would provide cultural, educational, and economic benefits for immigrants Many languages exist in the United States Bilingual Education Thank you for listening! Conflict between two children in different educations Samuel Betances immigrated to New York City at a young age and had his own memories. English is becoming a subtractive process The United States should offer more bilingual programs for every grade of school. The counter argument is expansive vocabulary. However this proves that bilingual students are learning more than monolingual students Immigrants are stuck in low paying jobs Money earned is correlated with ability to speak English Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test to compare bilingual and monolingual speakers Languages should be learned early on in life Bilingual educations are very comparable to monolingual educations The education itself is a major factor of bilingual education Introduction Parents and children learn English at different rates Age matters Transferrable skills between languages Chen Family The perception of less knowledge is deceived by the time needed to locate knowledge
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