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Pica Disorder

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by

Rami Ak

on 8 October 2013

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Transcript of Pica Disorder

It is an eating disorder.
It affects all ages
Pica is common with children and pregnant women.
Common with children who have growing up disabilities.
Low blood levels of iron.
Low blood levels of zinc.
eating of nonnutritive substances for a period of at least one month.
not meeting the criteria for either having autism, schizophrenia, or Kleine-Levin syndrome.
Different causes of pica have different treatments.

First, there is pica as a result of social attention. A strategy might be used of ignoring the person’s behavior or giving them the least possible attention.
If their pica is a result of obtaining a favorite item, a strategy may be used where the person is able to receive the item or activity without eating inedible items.
The non-food object can contain lead poisoning which can cause damage to the brain.
Can cause tearing in the stomach.
Dirt or sand can contain animal feces or parasites.
Eating non-food substances is potentially harmful to both the pregnant woman and her baby. Eating non-food substances may interfere with the nutrient absorption of healthy food substances. Pica cravings are also a concern because non-food items may contain toxic or parasitic ingredients.
Pica Disorder
By: Rami Karkout & Hussein Moh
What is Pica??
Clay
Dirt
Animal Feces
Chalk
Ice
Hairballs
Paint or Paint chips
Sand

A person with Pica tends to eat the following
Diagnoses and Treatment
Treatment
Pica affecting our Health
Harmful Pica
Pica and pregnancy
An Abstract
AUTISM
Diagnoses
More Methods
If pica is a way for a person to escape an activity or situation, the reason why the person wants to escape the activity should be examined and the person should be moved to a new situation.
If pica is motivated by sensory feedback, an alternative method of feeling that sensation should be provided.
Extra Methods
Other non-medication techniques might include other ways for oral stimulation such as gum. Foods such as popcorn have also been found helpful. These things can be placed in a “Pica Box” which should be easily accessible to the individual when they feel like engaging in pica.
How is this picture related to Pica?
1,446 items swallowed by a patient and removed from her intestines and stomach. She died during surgery from bleeding caused by 453 nails, 42 screws, safety pins, spoon tops, and salt and pepper shaker tops.
Management
Inform the health care provider and review the prenatal health records
Monitor the minerals intake
Consider potential substitutes
Inform a friend ( a close one you spend time with )
FINALLY
PLEASE FEEL FREE TO ASK ANY QUESTIONS
don't
Full transcript