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Reza Pahlavi - The Shah of Iran
Transcript of Reza Pahlavi - The Shah of Iran
Goal: Overthrow Pahlavi dynasty
Five Opposing Groups:
Secular Radicals Iranian Revolution he was a dictator by a non-muslim power of the united states. Whose foreign culture was seen as influencing that of Iran.
Dishonest, changes his mind too much.
lack of spending money or use of resources. (too much money has been spent, or which has used up too many resources).
too much treatment and control. Cruel or unjust treatment. Raza Pahlavi's Beliefs Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was born on October 26th, 1919.
Born in Tehrn, Iran.
He was the third child of 11 children, and he had a twin sister, Ashraf Pahlavi.
His father, Reza Shah Pahlavi became shah in 1925 and ruled for 16 years.
His older siblings were born as non-royals, (they were born before his father became Shah) so Mohammad was first in line for the throne.
He went to Switzerland when he was 11 to study.
He returned to Iran and finished high school there, graduating in 1938 His Early Life Reza Pahlavi was elected President with a four year term
Rapid modernization helped him gain support
Oil field development also brought him much support
He introduced reforms for women's suffrage
He redistributed land to help small farmers
He nationalized many natural resources Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (first from left) at his school in Switzerland. What did he do after he was overthrown? What Was He Like? Raza Pahlavi In Power Causes Leader: Ayatollah Khomeini financial crisis Raza Pahlavi came to power during World War Two
He replaced his father after an Anglo-Soviet invasion forced the abdication of his father out of authority
He started the White Revolution which was a series of economic and social reforms that were intended to transform Iran into global power He was known for his lavish lifestyle and parties.
He loved sports like soccer and skiing, and he became a licensed pilot.
He had three wives, all at different times. ( He divorced the first two).
He had two sons with Farah Pahlavi. Their names were Reza Pahlavi and Ali-Reza Pahlavi.
He left Iran in 1979 because he had cancer in his lymph nodes. He then moved around to many places including New York for treatment.
He eventually died on July 27, 1980, in Cairo, Egypt. The Shah lost support from the Shi'a priesthood of Iran:
-due to his strong policy of modernization
-conflict with the traditional class of merchants known as bazaari
-being recognized of Israel Rebellion Discontent with the
Pahlavi Rule national debt Rebellion Characteristics Reza Pahlavi, Mohammad's older son. He is still alive today. Reza Pahlavi Ali-Reza Pahlavi, Mohammad's younger son. He recently committed suicide in 2011. Demonstrations
Civil resistance What is a Shah? A shah is a monarch (king) in Iran. Reza Pahlavi became shah on September 16, 1941. Pictures from the
Iranian Revolution Secular Definition? Denoting attitudes, activities, or other things that have no religious or spiritual basis Westernization
Islamic Traditions not bing respected (ex. Islamic to Imperial Calender)
Failure of 1974 Economic Program
Unequal distribution of Iran's new oil wealth Ayatollah Khomeini was an...
Iranian religious leader and politician
leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution -Clashes with Islam, increased communist activity, of a period of time.
-political disagreements with Mohammad eventually leading to Mohmmad expelling.
It caused the Shah's opponents to disagree and overthrow his rule.