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William Lyon Mackenzie King & The Great Depression in Canada
Transcript of William Lyon Mackenzie King & The Great Depression in Canada
By Connor Lay
"A true man does not only stand up for himself, he stands up for those that do not have the ability to" December 17, 1874 – July 22, 1950
Tenth canadian prime minister, 1935-1948
Liberal party member, longest prime minister to serve Canadian government.
Lacked many traits of a leader, such as charisma and oraticle skill. Generally, voters disliked King but trusted him as their prime minister. Before the Depression:
Supported Canada independent from Great Britain.
Planned the development of the nation's capital, Ottawa, Ontario.
Both progressives and liberals supported King, although conservatives strongly disagreed with many of his ideas.
King's administration did not want to intervene, believe depression would pass by itself. Stated he would "would not give a five-cent piece".
Lost the election of 1930 to conservative Richard Bedforth Bennet, who implimented progressive income taxation, a minimum wage, a maximum number of working hours per week, unemployment insurance, health insurance, an expanded pension programme, and grants to farmers. Bennet's "New Deal" program was partially successful, but was inacted too late.
King remained liberal opposition leader, won election of 1935 with "King or Chaos", defeating RB Bennet.
Repaired North American trade with 1935 Reciprocal Trade Agreement. http://www.monkeyslunch.com/blog/2009/04/02/suffrage-women-get-the-vote/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mackenzie_King#Fourth_parliament During second World War, King mobilized Canadian forces and built the Royal Canadian Air Force (canadiation!).
Despite large contributions to allied defence, King's actions were ignored by Winston Churchill.
Actions moved Canada towards autonimy, both assured English Canadians the support of Britain in the war, while telling French Canadians it would only enter "in its best interest". Retired in 1948 after 22 years in office.
Died in 1950 due to pneomonia, did not finish planned memoirs.