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Teaching Vocabulary to Struggling Learners

Vocabulary concepts and strategies for secondary students who have learning disabilities or are learning English

Laura Allen

on 31 January 2011

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Transcript of Teaching Vocabulary to Struggling Learners

Do my students really need instruction in vocabulary? Specific vocabulary
and overlapping meanings Benefits of teaching vocabulary in all classes Why focus on vocabulary ? Content Area Vocabulary For All Learners When will vocabulary instruction fit into my class? sources about me Bos,Candace S., Patricia L.Anders
Effects of interactive vocabulary instruction on the vocabulary learning comprehension of junior-high learning disables students. Learning Disabiliity Quarterly, Vol.13, no.1 (Winter, 1990), pp. 31-42. Council for Learning Disabilities. U.S. Department of education.
Explicit Vocabulary instruction. 2008 adlit.org, http://www.adlit.org/article/27738, 1/31/2011 Kamil, M.L. Borman, G.D., Dole, J., Kral, C.C.,Salinger, T., and Torgesen, J. (2008). Improving adolescent literacy: Effective classroom and intervention practices: A Practice Guide (NCEE #2008-4027). Washington, DC: National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Retrieved from http://ies.ed.gov/ncee/wwc Billmeyer, R., Mary L. Barton. Teaching reading in the content areas. If not me, then who? 2ed. McRel, 1998 Laura Allen
Theology 565
Concordia University, Seward, Nebraska

Purpose of this presentation:
To encourage secondary teachers to include vocabulary instruction in their classes. Although vocabulary is not the only aspect of reading comprehension that is important, (comprehension strategy instruction is also necessary), there are many benefits to explicit instruction in vocabulary. Teachers in all areas use words specific to their area of expertise which students need to be able to comprehend in order to benefit from reading and discussion. Instruction in the vocabulary specific to the area of study, as well as overlapping meanings of words used in different ways in different disciplines, will increase student comprehension of written materials, as well as instruction and in-class discussions. Vocabulary instruction is especially important for students who struggle in reading and for students who are learning English. This presentation outlines some reasons for teaching vocabulary in all classes, and offers some ways to including vocabulary instruction in any class. please see the accompanying outline for this presentation for additional information... Vocabulary instruction will benefit all students. Comprehension of the vocabulary used in various disciplines will aid student comprehension of written materials including texts, tests, and assessments. Students will be better able to participate in class discussions and activities when their comprehension of discipline-specific vocabulary is increased. Dale,E.The living word vocabulary. 1976. Dome Press. Elgin, Ill. Davidson, Rosalind, Ph.D, Kruidenier, John R., Ph.D., and McShane, Susan.
From assessment to practice: Resesrch-based appropaches to teaching adults to read. Part 2: fluency and vocabulary.National Institute for Literacy. Adult Literacy Research Working Group. 1/11/2008. Webcast powerpoint presentation. Edgar Dale's Degrees of Knowing Word Meanings:
1. I never saw or heard the word before.
2. I know there is such a word but I don’t know what it means.
3. I’ve heard it and seen it. I know what it has to do with but I can’t tell you what it means specifically.
4. I know what it means, I’ll recognize it whenever I see it or hear it, I can use it. As teachers, our goal is to get them to level 4
in our content areas. When working with students who struggle with reading, or who are learning English... more words are new than you would expect
knowing key words will enable them to understand discussions the ability to identify key words will assist them in identifying key points in instruction vocabulary instruction will help all students prepare for post-secondary programs; taking the ACT, ASSET, or ASVAB All subject areas have vocabulary that is specific to the discipline. terminology:
math: parallel, perpendicular, skew
art: symmetry, contrast, pigment
science: taxonomy, covalent,
industrial tech: miter, dado, laminate Word meanings are often different in different contexts.
"table" in math and in everyday use
"extreme" in math and English
"time" in social studies, music, and everyday use Students may assume a new word is only used in one context.
"parallel" in math and industrial tech Students may retain specific meanings when they are taught in context, using the environment that the vocabulary words are connected to. Find places in your class routine where you may be able to fit vocabulary activities easily:
bell work
introduction to a new topic
transition activity between units
section review Vocabulary isntruction benefits students
when it is:
repeated vocabulary instruction can take place
as a preview to instruction
in addition to instruction
as an independent activity
as a game or social activity Activities that teach vocabulary are interactive; they provide repetition, practice and opportunities to use the new words. Having students look up words in the dictionary does not effectively teach vocabulary. Some ways to introduce new vocabulary as a preview to instruction:
pair new words with a visual cue
use a presentation like powerpoint or prezi
introduce words on the board or overhead and have students make their own note cards
teach Cornell note-taking
use the Frayer model

examples:... vocabulary instruction as part of content instruction flash card review
students work in pairs, quizzing each other on words
students use 2 sets of words to play concentration Bipartisan emphasize usage of the new vocabulary encourage student use of new words in discussions instruct students in note-taking and asking about new words Bell work activities:
establish a routine that includes individual or paired review of new vocabulary at the beginning or end of class. bell work ideas:
complete graphic organizers for new vocabulary:
knowledge rating scale http://wvde.state.wv.us/strategybank/KnowledgeRatingScale.html
vocabulary development and concept organizers
vocabulary games
edhelper.com; source of crossword puzzles, matching worksheets, cloze activities, made for your word list
quizlet.com: online interactive vocabulary activities with your word list
Online vocabulary activities

class word games
$10,000 pyramid
word scavenger hunt independent practice using new words:
write sentences or a paragraph using the words
give points for using the words in class discussions
crossword puzzles
cloze activities
Interaction with the words and their meanings promotes learning. In Conclusion
Vocabulary instruction is an important part of content area classes. Students need instruction in the words that are part of each discipline in education. Development of strong vocabulary skills at the secondary level will help students both during high school and in post secondary education and training. When students can use higher level vocabulary, they will be able to achieve higher scores on assessments that measure achievement as well as college entrance exams. Internet resources http://prezi.com
http://wvde.state.wv.us/strategybank/KnowledgeRatingScale.html The benefits of teaching vocabulary in
content area classes include:
increase in student retention of learning
increase in student confidence
increase in student involvement in class
higher test scores
increase in reading comprehension
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