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Figurative Language

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by

Jessica Thompson

on 10 November 2015

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Transcript of Figurative Language


So, what is figurative language?
Any language that cannot be taken
literally
, is figurative language. For example: If I say, "It's raining cats and dogs outside," are there really adorable fuzzy creatures falling from the sky?
No!
It's a figure of speech, or
figurative
language!


3. Metaphors
also compare things, but
do not
use
like
or
as
. Instead, a
metaphor
is a
direct
comparison between two things, often with one word being used to represent another.

Metaphor Examples

-She is a wrecking ball. (She exhibits destructive behaviors.)

-His muscles are chiseled marble.

-I'm the bomb, and I'm about to blow up.


4. Idioms
Idioms
are sayings that
cannot
be understood from the
individual words
used in them. The meanings are
figurative
, not literal!

Examples:
-You are pulling my leg.
-He's in the doghouse.
-Read between the lines.
- She spilled the beans.

7. Imagery
Painting a mental
picture
for the reader by using
sensory
details.
8. Alliteration
Assonance


Figurative Language &
Other Poetic Elements

1. Authors use figurative language to enhance their writing.
10. Rhyme
13. Free Verse

2. Similes

are comparisons of unlike people, places, things, or ideas that use the words
like
or
as
.

Examples:
-I came in
like
a wrecking ball.


-Batman's muscles are
as
solid
as
chiseled marble.
Allusions
make a
reference
to a place, person, or something from history that can be real or imaginary. Allusions can refer to anything, including
history, poems, literature, paintings, opera, folk lore, myths, or religious texts.

Examples:
-
“Chocolate was her
Achilles’ heel
.” This means that her love of chocolate is her weakness.
Achilles, a character in Greek mythology, was made invincible after his mother dipped him in magical water when he was a baby. She held him by the heel, so the magic protected him everywhere, except for his heel.

-“He was a real
Romeo
with the ladies.”
Romeo is a character in Shakespeare’s play,
Romeo and Juliet
, and he was very romantic in expressing his love for Juliet.
Alliteration is the
repeated use
of an initial consonant sound. Writers use words that
begin
with the same sound near one another (as in wild and woolly or a babbling brook).
is the use of words that have the same or very similar
vowel
sounds near one another (as in “summer fun” and “rise high in the bright sky”).
This clip from
V for Vendetta
demonstrates a dialogue that is heavy with alliteration.
Eminem uses assonance effectively.
Let's start with something you probably already know:
similes and metaphors
.
Cats are fuzzy blankets that
warm my heart.
A
rhyme
is a
repetition
of similar ending sounds in two or more words, often at the end of lines in
poems and songs.
Repetition
Poets
repeat
words or phrases to emphasize an
idea
.
Structured Poetry
Free verse does
not
use consistent patterns of rhyme, line length, syllable count, or rhythm. It tends to follow
the rhythm of
natural speech
.
Structured poetry follows a consistent
framework, or repeating
pattern
of elements, such as line length, syllable count,
rhyme
pattern, or rhythm, or a combination of these.
This is a cinquain poem. It
follows a
pattern
of line
length and syllable count.
These are rhyming couplets:
5. Allusions
6.
9.
11.
12.
They follow a pattern of rhyme and rhythm.
Besides figurative language, authors use other poetic elements to enhance their writing.
Summary
:
We have learned (reviewed, for some) many forms of
figurative language
and plenty of
poetic elements
.
Choose
3
and describe how writers use them to enhance their writing.
'
a
Full transcript