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NOW AND THEN: VERBAL TENSES
Transcript of NOW AND THEN: VERBAL TENSES
"She often plays golf"
"People from Spain speak Spanish"
Uses: When to use Present Simple
Form: How to use Present Simple
Only use the Infinitive of the verb, but REMEMBER!!!: ADD "S" TO THE 3RD PERSON SINGULAR (He/She/It)
Use the AUXILIARY VERB:
REMEMBER!!! Verb INFINITIVE
AUXILIARY (DO/DOES) + SUBJECT+ VERB + COMPLEMENTS ?
REMEBER!!! VERB INFINITIVE!
ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY
once a year
twice a month
three times a week
HOW OFTEN DO YOU...?
Uses: When to use Present Continuous
Actions in progress
"He is running"
"This summer we are travelling a lot"
Form: How to use Present Continuous
TO BE ( ) + GERUND (verb + -ing)
at the moment
"The girl was playing when the old man turned the light off"
"The girl had bought a new hula-hoop"
"The girl has broken her arm"
Regular Verbs: +"-ed"
"Didn't + Verb Infinitive"
"She didn't study maths"
"We didn't go to the party"
"Did+ subject + verb infinitive + ?
"Did she study maths?"
"Did they go to the party?
LONG PAST ACTION
PAST TO BE
(verb + -ing)
"Tom was dancing"
"They weren´t speaking"
"Was she crying?"
Past action at an UNDETERMINED past moment
Past Action that continues in the PRESENT
Past Action with PRESENT consequences
Recent Past Action
"She has travelled to China twice"
"I have lived here for 2 years"
"I have lost it"
"She hasn't arrived yet"
"Has she phoned you?"
Past action PREVIOUS
to another Past Action
"The train had left when we arrived"
"Had they finished when you phoned?"
"He hadn't left by the time we went"
By the time
Remember in Past Perfect and Present Perfect: Irregular verbs LIST is necessary
for the PAST PARTICIPLE!!!!
Present Perfect and Past Perfect can also be CONTINUOUS if the action is considered LONG or IN PROGRESS!!!
"She has been studying all day"
"She had been studying when you arrived"
"We watched TV"
"The boy broke the window"
"They didn't pay attention"
"Did she invite you?"
Present Simple: Schedules
"The plane takes off at 15:00"
Present Continuous: Arrangements
"I am flying to Berlin on Friday"
Be Going To + Infinitive:
"My parents are going to travel to a foreign country"
"Look at those clouds. It is going to rain"
Schedules / Unavoidable facts
Promises / Threats
"My grandma is going to have dinner with us"
"We will be the winners of the race"
"OK. I'll help you with your project"
"The film will start at 22:00"
"I´ll bring you a present"
Special Future Tenses
"will + BE + Gerund"
"Will + Have + Participle"
"Phone me at 15:00"
"I will be working on the project then"
"I will have finished the project by then"
Soon / Later
In / On / At
"We study here"
"She studies here"
"Their parents don't work in a bar"
"Susan doesn't study French"
"Do your friends play football in the team?"
"Does the girl sing well?"