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Can it be workable for a nation to be officially bilingual or multiligual, or should every country have only one official national language?

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kana maeda

on 27 April 2010

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Transcript of Can it be workable for a nation to be officially bilingual or multiligual, or should every country have only one official national language?

Double click anywhere & add an idea Bilingual Multilingual individual can speak two
different
languages fluently individual can
speak two or several
more languages
fluently Workable for Nation to be officially
biligual or multilingual?
One official language? One official
language Bilingual and
Multilingual Advantages Disadvantages Advantages Disvantages 1. Communication Advantages

2. Economic Advantages

3. Benefits for the brain

-wider choice of jobs
-better jobs & better lifestyle
-family
-people you may meet (future) -creative thinking
-sensitivity
-IQ
-reading One official
language language spoken & written by the majority of people in a country;
official language of a country, recognized and adopted by its government Bibliography/ Sources/ References The Advantages and disadvantages of biligualism. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/schoolgate/aboutschool/content/inwelsh.shtml Cook Margaret, Initials. (n.d.). Towards a bilingual nation . Retrieved from http://www.theage.com.au/news/education-news/towards-a-biligual-nation/006/02/18/1140151820165.html Colin Baker, Initials. (2000). The Care and education of young bilinguals. Retrieved from http://www.theage.com.au/news/education-news/towards-a-biligual-nation/006/02/18/1140151820165.html Quotes "Bilingual initiatives are costly. Being bi-lingual is not a bad thing, it is a great asset to Americans and people of other countries alike, but maintaining bilingual education is costly." Quote "English has been used as an official language in the US historically. The U.S. was founded by 13 British colonies. Both the US declaration of independence and US constitution are written in English." http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/national+language

http://www.proenglish.org/issues/offeng/-

http://debatepedia.idebate.org/en/index.php/Debate:English_as_US_national_language

http://www.c2.com/cgi/wiki?CountriesWithMoreThanOneLanguage "Here is a surely incomplete list.
Canada: French, English
China: Mandarin, Cantonese, Hakka, Tong Shan, etc.
India: Hindi, Urdu, Punjabi, Bengali, Gujarati, Marathi, Kashmiri, Assamese, Oriya, Konkani, Kannada, Malayalam, Tamil, and Telugu. Also, some people speak English. See note below.
Switzerland: German, French, Italian, Rumantsch.
South Africa: English, Afrikaans, Xhosa, Zulu, ...
Belgium: Dutch, French, German
Luxembourg: French, German, Luxembourgois
Spain: Spanish, Catalan, Valencian, Basque, Gallician, Asturian, ...
Wales: English, Welsh
Scotland: English, Scots Gaelic Eire, Northern Ireland: English, Irish Gaelic
United Kingdom in general:
Papua New Guinea: Tok Pisin, English, Hiri Motu, Enga, Melpa, Kuman, Kamano, Huli, Kuanua, Golin, Sinasina, Wahgi, Hamtai, Benabena, Ambulas, Angal Heneng, Boikin, Kewa, Orokaiva, Umbu-Ungu, Dano, Siane, Buin, Alekano, Chuave, Toaripi, Mbo-Ung, Gimi, Kilivila, Angal Enen, Yagaria, Adzera, Takia, Menya, Halia, Agarabi, Mekeo, Fuyug, Fore, Keopara, Nabak, Imbongu, Kyaka, Wiru, Sinaugoro, Kalam, Motu, Misima-Paneati, Bukiyip, Orokolo, Nakanai, Ewage-Notu, Keyagana, Komba, Waskia, Tungag, Olo, Nii, Iatmul, Dom, Tairora, Rawa, Timbe, Tauade, Mufian, Maring, Kunimaipa, Duna, Yopno, Uneapa, Tawala, Ramoaaina, Naasioi, Inoke-Yate, Gogodala, Gadsup, Dobu, Dadibi, Angal, and a few hundred others, these are just the ones with >10000 speakers.
Nigeria:over 350 different languages" 1. Inhibits people from getting a good job

2. Limits communication 1. understand politics & government easily

2. helps with the economy

3. education

4. communication -not costly -(United States) constitution & independence -can't speak perfect English (colleagues & customers)


-traveling
-new friends/ family 1. Education


2. Cultural Identity


3. Economy

4. Instructions issued from the government -ESL (English as a Second Language)
-segregated in class -confused of who they are
-not fully belong
-uncomfortable between 2 identities -costly - hire -identically in more than 1 languages -1 English class
-friendship -country united
-peace government
(if parties - different languages) "But today, in segregated classrooms, so-called "bilingual education" keeps immigrant children from learning English, by teaching them in foreign languages. And millions of people cannot find good-paying jobs, because they lack the ability to speak English with customers, co-workers or employers. " "ESL helps but not really because those children have less time spending with their friends in class." Self-esteem
Security identity
Tolerance/acceptance
Access 2 cultures
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