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Kindergarten Presentation: Why and How Human Body Parts and Five Senses Work

Final Presentation: first reviewing body parts then explaining why they work
by

Emerson Tucker

on 25 May 2011

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Transcript of Kindergarten Presentation: Why and How Human Body Parts and Five Senses Work

Summary:
Students will review the parts of the human body and it’s five senses and how they interact and how they use each.
Main Curriculum Tie:
The human body and the Five Senses
Materials:

* Scype video conferencing system
* simplistic skeletal model
* model of each sense
o smell: perfume, colone, etc
o taste: crackers, oranges, grapes, etc
o see: bright colors
o hear: music, noises
o touch: different textures sandpaper, felt, etc


Questions:

* Which part of the body is this (point to part), and this one, etc?
* Which sense are you using when you do this (name an action)?
* How often do you use this sense, and what do you use it for?
* why do we use these senses?


Intended Learning Outcomes

* Understand and use basic concepts and skills.
* Communicate clearly in oral, artistic, written and nonverbal form.


Instructional Procedures

* Tell the class it is time to review the skeletal structure and the five senses.
* Show them the skeletal model and identify some parts of it.
* Then have them identify some of the parts.
* Give them the different sense indicators and have them identify what sense they are using and what part of there body they are using to do so.
* Have the class ask questions, and have an open discussion with them. Taste buds probably play the most important part in helping you enjoy the many flavors of food. Your taste buds can recognize four basic kinds of tastes: sweet, salty, sour, and bitter. The salty/sweet taste buds are located near the front of your tongue; the sour taste buds line the sides of your tongue; and the bitter taste buds are found at the very back of your tongue. In general, girls have more tastebuds than boys.
Taste is the weakest of the five senses. Our sense of smell is connected really well to our memory. For instance, the smell of popcorn can remind you of being at the movies with a friend or the smell of tar can remind you of riding in a car to the beach.

Humans have seven primary odors that help them determine objects. Listed below are the seven odors.

Odor Example
Camphoric Mothballs
Musky Perfume/Aftershave
Roses Floral
Pepperminty Mint Gum
Etheral Dry Cleaning Fluid
Pungent Vinegar
Putrid Rotten Eggs Seventy to seventy-five percent of what we perceive as taste actually comes from our sense of smell. Taste buds allow us to perceive only bitter, salty, sweet, and sour flavors. It’s the odor molecules from food that give us most of our taste sensation. Of all our senses, smell is our most primal. Animals need the sense of smell to survive. Although a blind rat might survive, a rat without its sense of smell can’t mate or find food. For humans, the sense of smell communicates many of the pleasures in life--the aroma of a pot roast in the oven, fresh-cut hay, a rose garden. Smells can also signal danger, fear, or dread. All the information we receive by our sense of sight and by our sense of hearing comes to our brain through nerve endings. It is the same with our skin. The top layer of your skin contains many nerve endings all over your body. These nerve endings send messages to your brain telling you what kind of thing you are feeling. Then your brain figures out what it is, and if there is something you need to do about it. For example, if your friend puts a piece of ice on your neck, the nerve endings in the skin of your neck send a message back to your brain that says:ICE Your brain decides that you don't want ice on your neck and it sends a message back to your body to move and maybe even yell.

Your sense of touch can do several things. When someone or something touches you, you can feel that it is touching you, but you can feel that you touch it back. You can also feel how hard something is touching you. We use special nerve endings to feel pressure. Sometimes, if we press too hard, we get a bruise on our skin.

One thing that we don't like about our sense of feeling is that we can feel pain. If we touch something that is hot, it hurts us, and we immediately take our hand away. That is one way our sense of touch protects us.

Body hair and fingernails are also part of the skin. Your hair does not have nerve endings on it and does not send messages to the brain. Cutting our hair and nails when they get too long causes no pain. Fingernails and hair, however, also protect our bodies
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