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Music from 1500-1600
Transcript of Music from 1500-1600
Three Most Famous Composers
Thomas Tallis (1510-1585)
• Almost all of his music is for singing without instruments.
• Most of his music was written for the church.
• He was one of the greatest composers of early English music.
Reasons for music
- Music was an essential part of civic, religious, and courtly life in the Renaissance.
-The exchange of ideas in Europe, as well as events in the time period led to major changes in music
-The most important music of the early Renaissance was composed for use by the church for important churches and court chapels.
-By the end of the sixteenth century, however, music was split among many areas
Types of music
Renaissance (used for performances)
Polyphonic (made up of several simultaneous melodies)
-a small string instrument
originates from Italy
Strummed or plucked
-For performing mainly at the Roman Catholic Church services.
-Starting from the Gregorian chant and sung in Latin without instruments
-There are various kinds of Sacred Music
-Many beautiful compositions were written especially for the Holy Week (the week before Easter).
vocal or instrumental sounds
combined in such a way as to produce beauty of form, harmony, and expression of emotion
-a small wind blown instrument
Lira Da Braccoi
-instrumental music began to take shape by the second half of the 1500's
-the instrumental canzone made use of brass instruments;
-Music for keyboard instruments such as the clavichord, harpsichord and organ were also written.
-The lute was widely used at that time, both to accompany singing and for instrumental music.
-At first only instruments of the same family were played together, but eventually mixed instruments were used.
Humanism in Music
How Music Used To Be
-Music was a strictly local expression
- Music was a poetic process
- Music was for a religious power
- Music is played softly in intimate gatherings
-a small wooden instrument usually strummed
-in Italy during the Renaissance, a new philosophy called "humanism" developed
-the emphasis of humanism is on the quality of life on earth, much different from earlier beliefs that life should be viewed as a preparation for death.
-the influence of the Church on the arts grew weak
-composers and their patrons were ready for new artistic ideas
-Flemish composers and musicians were summoned to teach and perform in Italian courts and the invention of printing helped spread these new ideas
• Wrote music for four voices.
• He composed secular songs.
• He also wrote love songs. His love songs were in French and Italian.
Pierre de La Rue (1460-1518)
-Impressive composer of the Renaissance
-Went largely unnoticed because of other popular composers
-He perfected some of the improvements of the time
Josquin Des Prez (1440-1521)