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the age of discoveries

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on 20 May 2013

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Transcript of the age of discoveries

Reyes católicos Cristobal Colon Guanches Enrique el Navegante Nuñnez de balboa Diaz de Solis Americo vespucio Diego de Almagro Francisco Pizarro Vazquez Coronado Pedro Medoza Pedro Valdivia Ponce de Leon Rodrigo de triana Toscanelli Antonio montesinos Bartolomée de las casas Atahualpa Tribu guaraníi mapuches Lope de aguirre Juan caboto Florentino Verrazano Alvares cabral Emperador Moctezuma Juan Sebastián Elcano Hernaán cortées Fernando Magallanes Diego de Almagro (Spain 1475-Cuzco 1538) Spanish conquer, he discovered Chile in 1535. He founded San Pedro de Riobamba, the first spanish city in Ecuador. He went on expedition to the Andes with his spanish men and some yanaconas. But in the trip most of the people in the expedition died because of the cold. Christopher Columbus (Before 31 October 1451 – 20 May 1506) was an Italian explorer, navigator, and colonizer, born in the Republic of Genoa, in what is today north western Italy. Under the auspices of the Catholic Monarchs of Spain, he completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean that led to general European awareness of the American continents. He discovered America in 1492. Atahualpa he was the thirteenth and the last Inca emperor, after thirteen fights he defeated Huascar in 1532, he was taken prisoner by Francisco Pizarro after an unexpected Spanish attack. He paid the rescue but the Spanish people didn’t released him and they kill him in 1533 In his first trip:
- Guanahan (San Salvador)
- Cuba (Juana)
- (La Espanyola)

In his second journey:
- Equines Antilles (Dominica y Guadalupe)
- Puerto Rico (San Juan Bautista)
- Jamaica (Santiago)

In his third journey:
- Isla Trinidad

In his fourth journey:
- He doesn´t discovered islands only mainland of America (Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panam). Rodrigo de Triana (1469 - 1535), Spanish was a sailor of the late fifteenth century, companion of Christopher Columbus in his first voyage of discovery of America (1492). According to historians, called earth when sighted who later became the New World PONCE DE LEON:( Valladolid, 8 of april of 1462 – Cuba, july of 1521), was the Spanish conqueror of Puerto Rico and he discovered Florida in 1513. Juan Sebastian Elcano (Guetaria, Guipzcoa, Espaa, 1476 – ocano Pacfico, 4 de agosto de 1526), was a spanish navy who participated in the first trip around the world in 1519. Moctezuma: Aztec leader of Tenochtitlan city whose dominions were extended to the cities of Texcoco and Tlatelolco from 1502 to 1520, the arrival of the Spanish. He was kidnapped by Hernan Cortes. Francisco Pizarro was allied with Diego de Almagro benefited from the Civil War he was immersed in the Inca Empire. They reached the heart of the empire and the emperor Atahualpa kidnapped which facilitated the conquest (1454- 1512)- Christopher Columbus discovered America, but he thought that was India, America, be realise that it wasn’t the India, and put the name of America. The first time his name was used to call a continent was in 1507. Diaz de Solis- He enlisted in French pirate ships that traveled in the Caribbean Sea and landed in Yucatan between 1506 and 1507 Nunez de Balboa, in 1501 toured the Caribbean coast from east of Panama, through the Gulf of Uraba to Cabo de la Vela,Nunez de Balboa started showing his role as conqueror embarking west and crossing the Isthmus of Panama Fernando de Magallanes, also known as Hernando de Magallanes was Portuguese.
Serving the King of Spain, discovered what is now called the Strait of Magellan, the first European to pass from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean, previously called South Sea. He began the expedition, led to his death by Juan Sebastian Elcano, achieved the first circumnavigation of the Earth in 1522. (1474 - Madrid, 1566-Cuba) Bartolome de Las Casas was a Spanish religious defender of the rights of indigenous peoples in the early colonization of America(La Espanyola)(He was ordained priest in 1512 and he was the first in the New World) A year later went as a chaplain in the expedition that conquered Cuba.
From 1551 until his death, Bartolome de Las Casas was appointed procurator of Indians, with the mission of transmitting complaints to the authorities of the indigenous population of the entire Spanish America. Antonio Montesinos (1475 - Venezuela, 27 of July, 1540), was a missionary and Spanish Dominican friar, with the first Dominican American community at the head of his vicar Fray Pedro de Cordoba, he went to New world in 1510 and fought against abuse, exploitation and inhuman treatment they were subjected to Indians by the Spanish colonists in the La Espanyola isle. Toscanelli He was born in 1397 in Florence, Italy. He studied medicine, a profession that served some time in his hometown before being appointed curator of the library founded by Nicholas Nicoli at the Convent degli Angeli of Camaldolese monks. He represented the Caribbean sea in a map in 1474. The Mapuche are a group of indigenous inhabitants of south-central Chile and south-western Argentina. Their influence once extended between many places in the World.

Historically Mapuches were known as Araucarias (araucanos) by the Spanish colonizers of South America.
Is the name given to the aboriginal Berber inhabitants of the Canary Islands. It is believed that they migrated to the archipelago sometime between 1000 BC and 100 BC or perhaps earlier. Was a Spanish conquest, soldier and explorer, and the first of the Viceroyalty of the Ro de la Plata. From a noble family in the Granadin town of Guadix, high in the favour of Emperor Charles V. He was also a nobleman in the Spanish court. In 1524, he was dubbed a Knight of Alcntara and later received the Order of Santiago. Catholic Monarchs (1467 or 1468 – 1520) was a Portuguese nobleman, military commander, navigator and explorer, he explored and discovered Brazil in 1500. Cabral conducted the first substantial exploration of the northeast coast of South America and claimed it for Portugal. (1485–1528) was a Florentine explorer of North America, for the service of the King Francis I of France.
He was the first european person who explored in 1524 the north american coast after the vikings.
In 1527 he went into a new expedition to Brazil, but the next year he died. (1485 – December 2, 1547) was a Spanish Conquistador who led an expedition that caused the fall of the Aztec Empire in 1519 and brought large portions of mainland Mexico under the rule of the King of Castile in the early 16th century. Cortes was part of the generation of Spanish colonizers that began the first phase of the Spanish colonization of the Americas. Guaran are a group of culturally related indigenous peoples of South America. They are distinguished from the related Tupi by their use of the Guaran language. Formed by the Catholic Monarchs Fernando II of Aragon (1452-1516) and Isabel I of Castilla (1451-1504) got the territorial union under one crown with the conquest of the Kingdom of Granada in 1492, the Kingdom of Navarra, the Canary Islands, Melilla and other African places.
He conquered the city of Ceuta in 1415. He discovered the archipelago of cabo Verde . He was one of the main organizers of the conquest of Tangier. Got numerous technical and scientific developments in the arts of navigation. It was a Spanish explorer and conqueror of South America that went down in history for rebelling against the Spanish monarchy. The news of the great quantities of gold encouraged him to join an expedition. He arrived in Peru around 1536 or 1537, and soon became known for its violence and cruelty. Organized an expedition to conquer the so-called El Dorado, in the journey of the Maraones. (1500 – December 25, 1553) was a Spanish conquistador and the first royal governor of Chile. After serving with the Spanish army in Italy and Flanders, he was sent to South America in 1534, where he served as lieutenant under Francisco Pizarro in Peru, acting as his second in command. In 1540 he led an expedition of 150 Spaniards into Chile, where he defeated a large force of Indians and founded Santiago in 1541. He extended Spanish rule south to the Bo-Bo River in 1546, fought again in Peru (1546 – 48), and returned to Chile as governor in 1549. He began to conquer Chile south of the Bo-Bo and founded Concepcin in 1550. He was captured and killed in a campaign against the Araucanian Indians. The city of Valdivia in Chile is named after him. Francisco Vazquez Coronado (1510 – 22 September 1554) was a Spanish conquistador, who visited New Mexico and other parts of what are now the southwestern United States between 1540 and 1542. Coronado had hoped to conquer the mythical Seven Cities of Gold. His name is often Anglicized as Vasquez de Coronado. Sometimes the name even appears in a Spanish-English hybridization of Vsquez de Coronado, as in the title for this article. (1450 – c. 1499) was an Italian navigator and explorer who discovered in 1497 parts of North America under the commission of Henry VII of England is commonly held to have been the first European encounter with the mainland of North America since the Norse Vikings visits to Vinland in the eleventh century. The official position of the Canadian and United Kingdom governments is that he landed on the island of Newfoundland.
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