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Jerry Mellin

on 1 May 2013

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Transcript of Yoga

How does Yoga work? References Yoga Exercise How does Yoga work? The mind

Yoga focuses on the mind by teaching you to concentrate on specific parts of the body. This awareness keeps the mind-body connection sharp and doesn't allow a lot of time for external chatter. Instead, the focus is internal, between your head and your body (Weil, 2013).

The spirit

Yoga uses controlled breathing as a way to merge the mind, body, and spirit (Weil, 2013).

The breathing techniques are called pranayamas; prana means energy or life force, and yama means social ethics. Controlling breathing of pranayams will control the energy flow in the body(Weil, 2013). Presented By

Julie Chua
Jerry Mellin What is Yoga? • In Sanskrit, the primary definition of the term Yoga is the state of union with the Divine or the experience of oneness with the great Reality. Yoga, therefore, represents the experience of Truth, the consciousness of Reality, and the union with the Divine (Chidananda, 2007).

• There are also secondary meanings of the term Yoga. Yoga is also a set of scientifically evolved and intelligently formulated practical techniques enabling a person to shed all the impurities imposed upon by nature of the body, mind and senses, and aiding to concentrate thoughts entirely upon the Supreme (Chidananda, 2007). Yoga uses asanas (postures), focused concentration on specific body parts, and pranayama (breathing techniques) to integrate the body with mind and mind with soul (Weil, 2013).

The body

• Yoga asanas (postures or poses) help condition your body (Weil, 2013).

• There are thousands of yoga poses, and in Sanskrit, these poses are called kriyas (actions), mudras (seals), and bandhas (locks) (Weil, 2013). Who can benefit from Yoga? People of all ages and health conditions can benefit from Yoga. Yoga can meet you where you are.

Anti-stress benefits are a host of biochemical responses. A decrease in catecholamines, the hormones produced by the adrenal glands in response to stress.

The effects of yoga on depression, a benefit that may result from yoga's boosting oxygen levels to the brain.

Yoga is even being studied as an adjunct therapy to relieve symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Yoga has long been known to lower blood pressure and slow the heart rate. A slower heart rate can benefit people with high blood pressure, heart disease, and stroke. What are the benefits? Physiological Benefits:

Blood pressures decreases, cardiovascular efficiency increases, respiratory efficiency increases, gastrointestinal function normalizes, musculoskeletal flexbility and joint range of motion increase, energy level increases, weight normalizes, sleep improves, immunity increases, endurance increases, posture improves, strength & resiliency increase, and pain decreases (Lamb, 2004).

Psychological Benefits:

Mood improves and subjective well-being increases, Self-acceptance and self-actualization increase, Social adjustment increases, Anxiety and Depression decrease, Hostility decreases, Concentration improves, Memory improves, Attention improves, Learning efficiency improves (Lamb, 2004). What are any limitations, warnings,
or precautions? Yoga can kill and maim--or save your life and make you feel like a god.

Scientific research has pushed yoga to emphasize more of what it can actually do, reducing unsubstantiated claims

Yoga practitioners should take beginner's classes which focus on developing an individual yoga style and avoiding injury.

Instructors also modify exercises for students who have medical conditions such as back pain or knee injuries. The upsurge in the popularity of yoga and the demand for yoga teachers has emphasized the need for competent, safe instruction and rigorous standards for professional training.

Voluntary registration with a recognized professional association that promotes and maintains standards is gaining in popularity

Yoga Alliance is an example of a globally recognized organization that helps ensure that yoga students can find knowledgeable instruction and training programs. Currently, over 39,000 yoga teachers and 2,500 yoga schools have registered.

Registration and training provide credibility, visibility, member benefits, and education.

Yoga instructors can earn classifications that tell students about their level of experience. For example, an E-RYT 500 would have 4 years and 2,000 hours of teaching experience. While there is clearly a spiritual aspect to yoga, it is non-dogmatic.

People of all faiths can and do practice yoga without conflict to closely held religious beliefs.

Yoga began in India and is now practiced all over the world by people of all ages and orientations.

(VanEs, 2002) What is the education and/or
training involved? What is its use or applicability across
cultures? Religions? Ages? Gender? What is the research that
supports the outcomes of this modality? Research supports a broad set of positive outcomes from Yoga.

Yoga training improved quality of life in women with mild-to-moderate asthma (Bidwell, Yazel, Davin, Fairchild, & Kanaley, 2012)

Regular practitioners of yoga perform better on tests of attention and concentration, delayed recall, immediate recall, and other similar mental exercises (Nangia & Malhotra, 2012).

The results support using sensory-enhanced hatha yoga for proactive combat stress management (Stoller, Greuel, Cimini, Fowler, & Koomar, 2012).

Yoga has had some success as a complementary or even an alternative therapy to patients suffering from anxiety. 19 of 27 studies demonstrated a significant reduction in state and/or trait anxiety (Sharma, M., Haider, T., 2012). What do Therapists/Healers Do? Yoga therapy is growing in popularity, and its practitioners include psychiatrists, psychologists and social workers who incorporate yoga poses and meditative breathing into their sessions, as well as yoga teachers who want to learn how to address the emotions that bubble up in students during class or in private sessions.

Yoga therapy focuses on the person. Therapeutic yoga focuses on the condition.

Yoga therapy and therapeutic yoga generally take place 1 on 1 or in small groups, whereas yoga instruction generally takes place in class settings

There are now close to 50 schools of yoga offering yoga-therapy training in the U.S.

IAYT is one example of an organization that supports research and education in Yoga and serves as a professional organization for yoga teachers and yoga therapists worldwide Therapy in Action Retrieved from http://yogaalliance.org Psychotherapy Goes from Couch to Yoga Mat (2009). Retrieved from http://www.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,1891271,00.html What do Therapists/Healers Do? Add text here References Lamb, T. (2004). Health Benefits of Yoga. International Associates of Yoga. Retrieved from http://caeyc.org/main/caeyc/proposals-2011/pdfs/KellyPinzak.pdf

McCall, T. (2012). Yoga vs. yoga therapy. Retrieved from http://www.yogajournal.com/basics/1381

Nangia, D., & Malhotra, R. (2012). Yoga, cognition and mental health. Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology, 38 (2), 262-269.

Sharma, M., Haider, T. (2013). Yoga as an alternative and complementary therapy for patients suffering from anxiety: A systematic review. Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine, 18(1), 15-22.

Stoller, C. C., Greuel, J. H., Cimini, L. S., Fowler, M. S., Koomar, J. A. (2012). Effects of sensory-enhanced yoga on symptoms of combat stress in deployed military personnel. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 66(1), 59-68. Bidwell, A. J., Yazel, B., Davin, D., Fairchild, T. J., & Kanaley, J. A. (2012). Yoga training improves quality of life in women with asthma. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 18(8), 749-755.

Broad, W. J. (2012). The science of yoga: The risks and the rewards. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster

Chidananda, S. (2007). Yoga What it is and What it is not. Yoga-Age: An Online Resource of Yoga Practice. Retrieved from http://www.yoga-age.com/articles/chida1.html

International Association of Yoga Therapists. (2013). IAYT Mission Statement. Retrieved from http://www.iayt.org/site_Vx2/about/mission.aspx

Kornfield, A. B. (2009). Psychotherapy goes from couch to yoga mat. Retrieved from http://www.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,1891271,00.html Yoga. (n.d.) . In WebMD online. Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/balance/guide/the-health-benefits-of-yoga. (Broad, 2012) Yoga vs. Yoga Therapy. Retrieved from http://www.yogajournal.com/basics/1381 IAYT Mission Statement. Retrieved from http://www.iayt.org/site_Vx2/about/mission.aspx References VanEs, H. A. (2002). Beginning yoga: A practice manual. Lafayette, CA: Howard VanEs.

Weil, R. (2013). Yoga. Medicenet.com. Retrieved from http://www.medicinenet.com/yoga/article.htm

Yoga. (n.d.) . In WebMD online. Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/balance/guide/the-health-benefits-of-yoga

Yoga Alliance. (2013). The importance of registering with Yoga Alliance. Retrieved from http://yogaalliance.org/ya/b/The_Importance_of_Registering/
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