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The Maze of the Metis

Social Studies 9 Project created by Bianca Caroca & Mckenna Nahaiowski

Bianca Caroca

on 5 April 2013

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Transcript of The Maze of the Metis

By Bianca Caroca and McKenna Nahaiowski The Maze of the Metis 1938 1982 1885 1875 - 1879 The Canadian Government did not think the Metis peoples of Canada should be given the exact rights the First Nations people, so they were offered scip. A scrip is a document that could be exchanged for land, as aboriginal people of Canada. The Metis Red River Resistance lead to the creation on the Manitoba Act 1869 -70 What Does the Act Say?

It says that Manitoba is a bilingual province.

Education for Catholics and Protestants.

The Metis were also given land rights. This included 500 000 hectares of land, including the farms that they had created along the Red River. Some Metis found it very difficult to try and get a large amount of land using the scrip they were given. This resulted in many of them moving west, into what we know now to be Saskatchewan and Alberta. 1896 - 1910 Some Metis settlers have created farms at what was St.Paul de Metis, around to what we know now to be simply St.Paul, Alberta. 1940 - 1960 Although the Metis were provided with land, they did not have control over over it. Some of the settlements given to them, was unsuitable for farming or hunting for food. This resulted in the closure of the settlements, and the land was once again, Alberta's. This is when the Metis lobbied for the recognition of their rights in Canada's Constitution, when it was patriated it included section 35 which states that the Metis, along with the Inuit are Aboriginal people of Canada. The Metis began the Northwest Resistance in an effort to maintain their rights, similar to the Red River Resistance. Canada's government at the time believed it to be an attempt to overthrow the government. Manitoba Act This year was an important year for the Metis. For the first time in Canadian history, the Metis were given land of their own. This was called the Metis Population Betterment Act, this provided them with twelve impermanent settlements in Alberta. The Metis started the Northwest Resistance in an effort to maintain their rights, similar to the Red River Resistance. Canada's government at the time believed it to be an attempt to overthrow the government. This land was given to them by the Catholic Church. However the Metis
were not given title to this land, therefore had to leave once their settlement had closed. The Constitution Act says that the existing Aboriginal and treaty rights of the Aboriginal people of Canada are recognized and affirmed. 1990 Alberta enacted a legislation to the Metis. This legislation included:
-The Consitituion of Alberta Amendement Act
- Metis Settlements Act
-Metis Settlements Accord Implement Act
- Metis Settlements Land Protection Act
Along with this, they were also given the right to manage their own affairs and join in on the development of the oil and gad industry on settlement land. 2003 2004 The Metis were given the right to hunt and fish under Canada's Aboriginal people under the constitution. This allows the people of Canada to recognize how important the Metis are, not only to Canadian history, but to the land itself. The Metis Settlements General Council and the Metis Nation of Alberta came to the agreement with the Government of Alberta. This agreement says that the Metis are able to hunt and fish without the need of a licence. Later in 2007, Alberta decided to set some restrictions on this agreement, but they did not consult these restrictions with the Metis before setting them. There are two different points of view on whether or not the Metis should be allowed to hunt or fish. We beleive that the Metis should be able to hunt and fish whenever they please and without a licence. As an aboriginal people of Canada, they deserve that right. We believe that all people in Alberta should be given the same hunting and fishing rights. If they do not need a licence then neither should we, if we do, then so do they! Oh Hello! I am a Metis . I have been through a lot of this long and hard battle between ourselves and the Government of Canada and Alberta. We are the only ones who can define ourselves, nobody else can. By getting our rights recognized, we have finally become proud of who we are. And can I give you a hint on this maze? Go back the way you came until you hit the year of 1875. There you will meet my family, she will tell you more about our journey and the way out. My name is Andre. I remember when my mother used to tell me not to tell everyone that I was Metis. It never occurred to me why not, I just obeyed. It was in 2006 when my mom told me it was alright, and that I didn't have to hide my identity anymore. She told me that many more Metis had come foward. Although in some provinces the recognition of our rights vary, I am now and still very proud of who I am. My name is Alec, I am the eldest of the four of us. I was never ashamed of who I was. I would get made fun of by people in my class, and I never understood why. My mother, who you met earlier, and my father always kept me updated on what was going on with our rights. As the years past, They told me that we were getting more and more recognition. This gave me courage.When my parents found out I was being bullied for who I was, they told my siblings not to be so open about it, until like Andre said 2006 when people came foward. My name is Marylin. My mother made sure that we learned our native language as well as french. Through many stories our mother had told us about the Metis history. We have secured our harvesting rights in Canada's Constitution and we are recognized as aboriginal people of Canada, I believe that we can further define our rights. Since 1928, the Métis Nation of Alberta has existed to advocate on behalf of and meet the needs and aspirations of Métis people in Alberta. METIS FACT TIME! METIS FACT TIME! Among the First Nations, the Métis were known as “Half-Wagon Men” in the common Plains sign language because of their extensive use of Red River carts for trading and resource gathering purposes. METIS FACT TIME! The Metis speak a language called Michif. This language mixes Cree verbs and grammar with French nouns. The language also contains elements from Ojibway and English. METIS FACT TIME! Many Metis people are excellent fiddle players and step dancers. This came from their French and Scottish roots. METIS FACT TIME! The Metis have two flags, both with a white infinity symbol on the center of the flag. This blue base represents the North West Company. The red base represents the Husdon's Bay Company. This is Sierra Noble. She is a well-known Metis Fiddler. Please enjoy this video of her playing alongside Scott Senior in Wolseley. Congratulations! You have found your way through the Maze Of the Metis! Thank you for playing. This is the start of the Metis Maze! Click your way through the maze to find your way out. While you are finding your way through the maze, you will learn about the Metis and their collective rights. Have Fun. This is the maze! The red "X" indicates where your journey begins... It seems you have found some pemmican. The Metis made this by drying the meat they hunted and flavoring it with all sorts or berries. This was handy while the men hunted because it did not spoil easily. Now you have a delicious snack with you while you work your way through the maze. DEAD END Go back from the way you came! I am the youngest of the family, Arron. I hope this journey has been a good one for you. I think it is important for everyone to learn about the history of the Metis and Canada. To find your way out go straight a bit and then go to your right. Take your first right and your out! This is your land now. METIS: Government: Louis Riel played a major role, as leader, in both rebellions (Red River and The Northwest). This is him, Louis Riel.
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