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5 Themes of Geography- Afghanistan
Transcript of 5 Themes of Geography- Afghanistan
* Most of the people live near rivers and valleys. *They live near rivers to get water more easily.
*The rural population of farmers and nomads is distributed unevenly over the country, mainly concentrated along the rivers.
*Sedentary farmers usually live in small villages, most of them scattered near irrigated land in the valleys of major rivers.
*The semi-sedentary farmers, who breed livestock and raise a few crops, live in the high alpine valleys.
Today, the majority of people live in Kabul, which has a population of 3,071,400. The second largest population is 512,000, which is in Kandahar.
Goods, services, and people are transported within this country and to and from using lorries, motorbikes, bicycles, planes, trains, and of course, walking.
People communicate ideas and information using newspapers, phones, radios, television, internet, and mail.
Over the years, people have left Afghanistan for multiple reasons. In "In The Sea There Are Crocodiles", Enaiatollah's mother left Enaiatollah in Quetta due to the Pashutuns threatening to kill Enaiatollah because of his fathers debt as a Hazara.
* The Taliban has also been a big part of the problem. The Taliban are a group of people who have decided to rule Afghanistan and constantly kill and torment people who don't, in their eyes, follow them. It is said to be that since the Taliban has started ruling more, there has been less employment.
* Another reason is education. In Afghanistan, there are many who graduate high school, but colleges accept less than half of those people due to space. This makes them leave Afghanistan in search of education.
Even though Afghanistan has an Islamic republic type government, the Taliban controls most of the country. The Taliban has no real administration or constitution, it only relies on the Koran. Locally, groups of villages are ruled by military commanders.
Afghanistan is divided up by into 34 provinces including but not limited to:
*Afghanistan is similar to other countries such as Tajikistan because they are both landlocked countries.
*Both Iran and Afghanistan both have an Islamic republic.
* Pakistan and Afghanistan's main religion are both Islam.
The coordinates for Afghanistan are 34.5333° N, 69.1667° E
Afghanistan is bordered by Pakistan, Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, & Tajikistan.
Afghanistan is north of Pakistan, east of Iran, and south of Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
The largest city and capital of Afghanistan is Kabul.
Some well known landforms in Afghanistan are the Hindu Kush mountains, Helmand river (the longest river), Noshaq (the highest point of 7492 meters) and Amu Darya (the lowest point of 258 meters).
Size~ Area of 647,500 sq km.
Population~ 31,280,528 people (0.43% of the world population)
Religions found in Afghanistan are mostly Islam, Sunni Islam, & Shi'as. The major languages Afghans speak include Pashto and Dari; minor languages include Ashkunu, Tregami, Pamiri, & Kyrgyz.
Some main customs practiced are to value honor and responsibility; greet each other by saying "Alaikum assalaam," which means "peace be with you"; touch is restricted outside of families between opposite genders.
The ethnic groups in Afghanistan are Pashtuns, Uzbeks, Turkmen, Tajiks, Hazaras, and Nuristanis.
Major resources of Afghanistan include:
* iron ore this is iron ore
Plants --Evergreen, oak, hazelnut and pistachio trees; sage brush; camel thorn; locoweed; wormwood.
Animals -- Gazelle, leopards, goats, deer, sheep, wolves, bears, foxes, boars, hares, bats, flamingos, and ducks.
The climate is arid to semi arid, meaning dry to semi dry.
In order to go to school in Afghanistan, you have to pay. In "In The Sea There Are Crocodiles", Enaiatollah's family struggled with paying for his school.
In Afghanistan you get your food by farming or buying it in the market from farmers. The main food you eat is maize. Some fruits people eat include pomegranates, apples, lemons and figs.
Afghanistan's homes are small with very little rooms and some siblings share a room with each other.
* Afghanistan's climate is very dry. The farmers are adapting by building underground aquifers.
* They use their land by planting permanent crops. They also depend on the animals grazing on the land.
* They have very limited fresh water; the air and water are polluted. They adapt by irrigating and importing fresh water.