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I am Malala
Transcript of I am Malala
Before the Taliban
The Valley of Death
Three Girls, Three Bullets
Women's Ways of Knowing
Thursday, February 26
“When I was born, people in our village commiserated with my mother and nobody congratulated my father.”
(First sentence, p. 1)
The movement for the enforcement of Islamic law, the TNSM, said “ it (the earthquake) was cause by women’s freedom and obscenity. If we did not mend our ways and introduce Sharia or Islamic law, they shouted in their thundering voices, more severe punishment would come.”
Former Prime Minister Benizar Bhutto
& Pervez Musharraf
Voice and Space
Space as Silence?
The Absence of Poverty’s Voice
“We Pashtuns love shoes but don’t love the cobbler; we love our scarves and blankets but do not respect the weaver. Manual workers made a great contribution to our society but received no recognition,
and this is the reason so many of them joined the Taliban—to finally achieve power and status”
(Malala,148. Italics added)
“They get the support of the silent majority”
(Malala, 115. Italics added)
“In our valley we received most of our information from the radio because so many had no TV or were illiterate.”
The Absence of Local Media and
High Rate of Illiteracy
He “warned people to stop listening to music, watching movies and dancing.
Sinful acts like these had caused the earthquake
” (Malala, 113).
“they are scared of the pen.” (Malala, 118)
"Epistemic arrogance is one of the obvious ways in which the powerful and privileged can be spoiled and come to exhibit a cognitive immaturity. . .that prevents him from learning from others and improving" (Medina, 34)
Silencing the “Other”
Malala: "I began to see that the pen and the words that come from it can be much more powerful than machine guns, tanks or helicopters"
- News Media
America Brokers A Deal:
Former Prime Minister Benizar Bhutto &
Former Prime Minister Bhutto
Guns, Bombs, Drones
Between life and Death
“Maybe I’d take off my shoes and hit him, but then I’d think if I did that there would be no difference between me and a terrorist....
I’m not against you personally.
I just want every girl to go to school.”
“Guns of Darkness! Why would I not curse you?
You have turned love-filled homes into broken debris.” p. 245
“My daughter, you are my brave daughter, my beautiful daughter,” … He didn’t know why he was speaking to me in English. p. 246
Confronting Western Culture
“Malala has been targeted because of her pioneer role in preaching Western secularism… She is young but she was promoting Western culture in Pashtun areas. She was pro-West; she was speaking against the Taliban; she was calling President Obama her idol.” p. 256
Taliban Claims Responsibility
“We heard that thousands of people had been arrested, including boys as young as eight who had been brainwashed to train for suicide bombing missions.” (192)
“One of the girls in my class did not return to school that year. She had been married off as soon as she entered puberty... A while later we heard she had two children.” (205)
“There was a teacher in our school [whose] brother had been picked up by the army, put in leg irons and tortured, and then kept in a fridge until he died. He’d had nothing to do with the Taliban... Afterward, the army apologized to her and said they’d been confused by his name and picked up the wrong person.” (207)
Will She Survive?
"Perhaps more than any politician he understood the political implications if I did not survive. He was hoping to build a political consensus behind launching an all-out attack on the Taliban." p. 266
Samantha Power, US Permanent Representative to the UN
'They wanted to kill two birds with one stone. Kill Malala and silence me forever.’ p. 246
2014 Chubb Fellow
at Timothy Dwight College
Which comes first, education or equality?
Epistemic Responsibility in Education
“Epistemic responsibility involves, crucially (perhaps even constitutively), obligations to know oneself and to know others
with whom one’s life and identity are bound up
“If you have come here to help me, you are wasting your time. But if you have come because
your liberation is bound up with mine
, then let us work together.”
There seemed to be so many things about which people were fighting. If Christians, Hindus, or Jews are really our enemies, as so many say, why are we Muslims fighting with each other? Our people have become misguided...
We should focus on practical issues.
We have so many people in our country who are
. And many women have no
at all. We live in a place where
schools are blown up
. We have no
reliable electricity supply
. Not a single day passes without the
killing of at least one Pakistani
In the Hospital:
What are the most pressing issues?
(And, how do the headline issues define major religious traditions?)
“These two are
and should be killed.” (Malala, 223)
“Mehboob told us that his uncle had been
on his way to isha prayers
, the last prayers of the day, at the mosque on the street near his house when he was shot in the face.” (Malala, 232)
“Who is Malala?
I am Malala and this is my story.”
Subjectivity of assessing Religious Devotion And
Misapplication of sacred text and tradition
Part Five: A Second Life
Watan zama za da watan yam
Ka da watan da para mram khushala yama!
I am a patriot and I love my country
And for that I would gladly sacrifice all
Stranger in a Strange Land
"I realized what the Taliban had done was make my campaign global" -
I Am Malala
Malala: A Tool of the West
"Through this book, she became a tool in the hands of the Western powers. [...] We are not against Malala. She is our daughter and she is herself confused about her book." - Kashif Mirza, the chairman of the All Pakistan Private Schools Federation, on why the book is banned
Insider or Outsider: The Voice of Muslim Feminism?
Interplay of Religion and Social Justice
What does Feminism look like in an Eastern context? A Muslim context?
Can Malala be considered the voice of Muslim women, Muslim Feminism?
How does this book makes moves to link Religion and Social Justice?
Knowing and Being Known
“In my part of the world most people are known by their sons. I am one of the few lucky fathers known by his daughter.”
The Threat of the Educated Woman
"The extremists are afraid of books and pens. The power of education frightens them. They are afraid of women. The power of the voice of women frightens them."
“If anything had happened to her, it would have been blamed in the white woman,’ she said afterward. ‘If she’d died, I would have killed Pakistan’s Mother Theresa.” p. 263
Tradition in the face of
The Politics of Malala's Treatment
"[My parents] assumed their passports and visas were being processed and they would join me in a few days. But they heard nothing... The wait felt endless." p. 271
"no single individual can be deemed solely responsible for undoing a systemic epistemic injustice and transforming an entire pattern of social perception, for the transformative power of their being echoed by others, that is, on their being taken up by members of a social network whose collective efforts and actions form a pattern of transformation" (Medina, 64).
1. Ebola and Global Health Emergencies
2. Rights of Women and Girls
3. Religious extremism and Violence
With whose life and liberation are we bound?
Silence leaves room for the "other" whether positive or negative. Like a magnetic field, what fills that space will determine whether the space will be stable or unstable.
Guns, Bombs, Drones