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Ism Book of Art Movements

A Book of Art Historical Isms Starting with Realism
by

Sam Etkind

on 19 April 2011

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Transcript of Ism Book of Art Movements

Ism Book Realism Artists:
Jean-Francois Millet
Honore Daumier
Gestave Courbet
Winslow Homer The Gleaners
Jean-Francois Millet
Realism
1857 Characteristics:
Naturalistic
Allegorical
Publicized
Photographic
Influenced By:
Art:
Neo-Classicism
Copley
Goya
Romanticism
Socio-Political:
Divisons in class Structure
Upper Class Painfully Unaware of Lower Class Struggle Influences:
Naturalism
Impressionism
Fauvism Impressionism Gustave Caillebotte
Paris: A Rainy Day
Impressionism
1877 Artists:
Claude Monet
Gustave Cillebotte
Camille Pisarro
Berthen Morisot
Pierre-Auguste Renoir
Edgar Degas Characteristics:
Industrialized
Changing
Fleeting Moment
Elusiveness Influenced By:
Art:
Realism
Socio-Political:
Industrialization
Rapid-Change Influences:
Post-Impressionism
Fauvism Post-Impressionism Vincent van Gogh
Stary Night
Post-Impressionism
1889 Artists:
Vincent van Gogh
Paul Gauguin
Georges Suerat
Paul Cezanne Characteristics:
Traditional
Re-Examined
Stylized
Painterly Influenced By:
Impressionism
Realism Influences:
Symbolism Symbolism Edvard Munch
The Scream
Symbolism
1893 Artists:
Odilon Redon
Henri Rousseau
James Ensor
Edvard Munch
Gustave Moreau Characteristics:
Painterly(Or Linear Both have been seen)
Symbolic
Other-Worldly
Orientalized Influences:
Expressionism
Surrealism
Abstrac Expressionism Influenced By:
Artistic
Impressionism
Post-Impressionism
Northern Renaissance
Socio-Political:
Desire to Interpret Nature Fauvism Henri Matisse
Red Room (Harmony in Red)
1908-1909
Fauvism Artists:
Henri Matisse
Andre Derain Characteritics:
Emotional
Vivid Colors
Aesthetic
Stylized Influenced By:
Artistic:
Impressionism
Post-Impressionism
Socio-Political:
Deisre for More Expressionistic Art Influences:
Expressionism
Primitivism
Cubism Art Nouveau Artists:
Gustav Klimt
Horta
Mucha
Schiele Characteristics:
Organic
Stylized
Curvilinear
Assymetrical Compositions Influenced By:
Artistic:
Byzantine Art
Romanticism (William Blake)
Socio-Economic:
Want to break off from current art (Sucessionist) Influences:
Suprematism
Abstrac Expressionism The Kiss
Gustav Klimt
1907-1908
Art Nouveau Cubism Artists:
Pablo Picasso
Georges Braque
Robert Delaunay Guernica
Pablo Picasso
1937
Cubism Characteristics:
Analiytical:
Jagged Edges
Sharp Lines
Synthetic:
Collages
Flattened Forms
Curvilinear:
Flowing Lines

Influenced By:
Artistic:
African Masks
Socio-Economic:
Museums (In Paris with African Masks)
Spanish Civil-War Influences:
Futurism Futurism: Artists:
Umberto Boccioni
Kazimir Malevich
Nikolay Diulgheroff Characteristics:
Representative
"Shattered"
Modern
Abstract Unique Forms of Continuity in Space
Umberto Boccioni
1913
Futurism Influences:
Artistic:
Cubism
Impressionism
Socio-Economic:
Innovation
Science
Fillipo Tommaso Marinetti Influences:
Constructivism
Abstract Expressionism Expressionism:
Die Brucke Der Blaue Reiter Artists:
Die Brucke:
Ersnt Kirchner
Der Blaue Reiter:
Wassily Kadisnky
Franz Marc
Max Beckmann Street. Berlin
Ernst Kirchner
1913
Expressionism The Great Blue Horses
Franz Marc
1911
Expressionism Influences:
Artistic:
Fauvism
Post-Impressionism
Socio-Economic:
Intelectuals in Art

Characteristics:
Abstract
Intellectual
Primary Colors
Emotional
Influences:
Post-Expressionism
Abstract Expressionism De Stijl Artists:
Piet Mondrian
Gerrit Rietveld
Composition in Black and White and Red
Piet Mondrian
1936
De Stijl Characteristics:
Primary Colors
Geometric
Only Perpendicular and Parallel Lines
Completely Abstract Influenced By:
Artistic:
Fauvism
Expressionism
Socio-Economic:
Move away from Naturalism

Influences:
Abstract Expressionism
Minimalism
Constructivism Artist:
Vladimir Tatlin Monument to the Third International
Vladimir Tatlin
1919-1920
Constructivism Characterisitcs:
Utilitarian
Anti-Abstract
Practical
Easily Comprehesable Influenced By:
Artistic:
Modern Abstract Movements(Reactionary) like Suprematism
Socio-Political:
Russian Revolution (Stalin) Influences:
Modern Architecture Precisionism Artists:
Georgia O'Keefe
Charles Demuth Light Iris
Georgia O'Keefe
1924
Precisionism Characterisitcs:
Organic
Detailed
Weird Perspective
Machanic (Sharp Edges) Influenced By:
Artistic:
Synthetic Cubism
Socio-Political:
Industry
Machinery Influences:
Minimalism
20th Century Realism Regionalism Artists:
Thomas Benton
Grant Wood
Curry Characterisitcs:
Rural
American Midwest
Commoners
Actual
American Gothic
Grant Wood
1930
Regionalism Influenced By:
Artistic:
Realism
Impressionism
Early American Art
20th Century Realism
Socio-Political:
Great Depression
American Values
Influences:
20th Century Realism
Pop Art
Photorealism Suprematism Artist:
Kazimir Malevich Characteristics:
Complete Abstraction
Primary Colors
Formalistic
Geometric Suprematist Composition: Airplane Flying
Kazimir Malevich
1915
Suprematism Influenced By:
Artistic:
Expressionsim
De Stijl
Socio-Political:
The want for the "Supremacy
of a pure feeling" Influences:
Dadaism
Abstract Expressionism Dadaism Artists:
Marcel Duchamp
Kurt Schwitters
Giorgio de Chiricio
Marc Chagall Characterisitcs:
Recyclotastic!
Broken
Spontaneous
Sexually Metaphorical Influenced By:
Artistic:
Cubism
Expressionism
Fauvism
Any Other Art Movement That Doesn't Make Fun of Art
Socio-Political:
World Wars
Inhumanity of Man
Influences:
Surrealism
20th Century Realism
Pop Art Fountain
Marcel Duchamp
1917
Dadaism Surrealism Artists:
Max Ernst
Paul Klee
Salvador Dali
Meret Oppenheim
Rene Magritte
Joan Miro
Firda Kahlo (Sort of) The Persistence of Memory
Salvador Dali
1931
Surrealism Characteristics:
Dream-like
Personal
Nonobjective
"Convulsive Beauty" Influenced By:
Artistic:
Fleamish Baroque
Metaphysical
Realism
Socio-Political:
Diversity of Culture and thoughts
within society
Influences:
20th Century Realism
Action Painting Abstract Expressionism Artists:
Arshile Gorky
Jackson Pollock
Willem do Kooning
Franz Kline
Robert Motherwell
Mark Rothko Characteristics:
Random
Nonobjective
Soft Outlines (Color Field)
About the Process, not Product Autumn Rythm
Jackson Pollock
1950
Abstract Expressionism Influenced by:
Artistic:
Navajo Sand Painting
New York School
Socio-Political:
Clement Greenberg
Karl Jung
Spanish Civil War Influences:
Contemporary Art
Pop Art Performance Art Artists:
Carolee Schneemann
Hermann Nitsch
Barbara T. Smith
Joseph Beuys
I'll leave it at this, most of this seemed inappropriate to put on here.... Meat Joy
Carolee Schneemann
1964
Performance Art Characteristics:
Varied Addons (Like music)
Sometimes Pornographic
Varied in Presentation in Theme
Live! Influenced by:
Artistic:
Photography
Socio-Political:
Increasing Use of the Video Camera Influences:
Contemporary Art
Current Performance Art
Marching Band Site Art Reichstag
Jean Claude and Christo
Site Art Artists:
Jean Claude and Christo
Robert Smithson
Andy Goldsworthy Characteristics:
Natural
Eco-Friendly
Temporary
Creating-Destroying Influenced By:
Artistic:
Realism
Regionalism
Photography
Socio-Political:
Previous Events in the Area Influences:
Contemporary Art
Contemporary Photography
Contemporary Site Art Minimalism Artists:
Barnett Newman
Frank Stella
Richard Diebenkorn
Carl Andre
Richard Serra
Eva Hesse
Donald Judd Untitled
Donald Judd
1967
Minimalism Chraracteristics:
Conservative
Simple
Non-Objective
Warm-Colors Influenced By:
Artistic:
Action Painting
Color Field
Socio-Political:
Carl Andre
Sameness In Society Influences:
Pop Art
Contemporary Patterns Pop Art Artists:
Richard Hamilton
Jasper Johns
Robert Rauschenberg
Andy Warhol
Roy Lichenstein
Claes Oldenburg
Edward Kienholz Characertistics:
Consumeristic
Popular Topics
Nihilistic
Low Brow vs High Brow Campbell Soup Can
Andy Warhol
1962
Pop Art Influenced By:
Artistic:
Dadaism
20th Century Realism
Socio-Political:
Increased Consumerism
Popular Culture

Influences:
Contemporary Art
Photorealism Artists:
Richard Estes
Audrey Flack
Chuck Close
Duane Hanson Characteristics:
Naturalistic
Reflective
Kitsch
Consumerist Nedick's
Richard Estes
1970
Photorealism Influenced By:
Artistic:
Photography
Abstract Expressionsim
Baroque
Socio-Political:
Consumer Culture Influences:
Contmeporary Art
Photography Post-Modern Art Artists:
Jenny Holzer
Damien Hurst Characteristics:
Heavily Varied
Both Returing and Fleeing From Traditional Art
Representational
It is what it is Prodigal Son
Damien Hurst
Post-Modernism Characteristics:
Artistic:
Modernism
Socio-Political:
The Heavily Varied Of Which Occurs id Modenr Day Influences:
Tomorrowism?
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