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Transcript of Legislative Branch
Article 2, Section 1 in the Constitution establishes the Executive Branch.
Components of the the Executive Branch
The President- is both the head of state and head of government of the United States of America, and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces
Executive Office of the President- To provide the President with the support that he or she needs to govern effectively, was created in 1939 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt
The Cabinet- is an advisory body made up of the heads of the 15 executive departments. Appointed by the Presidential and confirmed by the Senate, the members of the Cabinet are often the President’s closest confidants
-The Independent Agencies
He is the current president of the United States.
He was the first president of the United States.
He was the oldest president of the United States to serve in the office.
Constitutional Qualifications of the President
-Must be a citizen of the USA for 14 years.
-Must be 35 years of age or older.
-Cant serve more than two terms
-Must be born in the United States.
By : Angelica, Ariel, & JoVante
He was the youngest president to serve. He was 42 years old. He was not elected into office, he took the place of William McKinley after his assassination.
General Traits Shared By Most Presidents
-Older than 35
-Episcopalian or Prespertian
Benefits of Being President
Salary of: $400,000
Free Rides in the Presidential Limosine and Air Force One and Navy
Medical Benefits: Private health insurance at their own expense and are treated in military hospitals
John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy was the youngest president to be elected to serve in office!
Roles of the President
-Issues Executive Orders
Commander in Chief (Head of military forces)
-raising, training, supervising, and deploying all defense forces
-Reviews troops and often awards service medals
Chief of State
-entertains foreign leaders with formal dinners
-Promotes worthy causes
recognizes citizens who have made outstanding contributions to their community or nation
-bestows medals on military heroes
-recommends laws/advises and guides congress in lawmaking
-leader, initiator, and guide of foreign policy
-appoints ambassador to the U.N. who speaks for the U.S.
-negotiates treaties or agreements with other countries
-travels to other countries where his words reflect the U.S.'s position and ideas on foreign affairs
Chief of Political Party
-campaigns/endorses other candidates from his party who are running for office
-provides strategic advice and analysis to secretary, promotes economic capacity building
Election Process of the President
The election process of the President is an indirect vote where citizen cast ballots for a slate of members of the U.S. Electoral college. In return these electors directly elect the President and Vice President.
Number of Electors
Each state is allocated a number of Electors equal to the number of its U.S. Senators (always 2) plus the number of its U.S. Representatives.
Alternative Ideas to the Electoral College
-Individual state legislatures pledge that they will assign all of their electoral votes to whichever candidate wins the national popular vote. (conditional on enough other states follow)
1. Information and allegations are presented to the Speaker of the House of Representatives regarding the wrong doing of an official.
2. The Speaker of the House refers the information to the Rules Committee. The Rules Committee officially examines the information, formalizes procedure, and sends all to Judiciary Committee.
3. The Judiciary Committee investigates and examines evidence;the committee holds hearings and votes on whether or not to impeach. If they decide to recommend the whole house impeaches, they render "articles of impeachment" and send these to the floor of the House.
4The House of Representatives debates the articles and votes of individual articles of impeachment. A simple majority is needed to impeach.
5. Senate then holds a trial to determine whether or not official is guyilty of articles passed by the House. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court presides over the Senate if the person tried is the president. The Senate must convict with 2/3s majority vote.
President Andrew Jackson : a series of political arguments between him and Republicans in Congress over Reconstruction policy in the South led to his Impeachment.
Bill Clinton: impeached because of having affairs during office
Richard M. Nixon was the first and only US president to resign while in office. He resigned due to the pressure of the public and the leaders of his party on the debate about the Watergate scandals.
Presidents Who Have Died In Office
-William Henry Harrison : caught Pneumonia died on April 4, 1841 only served for 31 days.
-Zachary Taylor : died from Acute Gastroenteritis
-Abraham Lincoln : First presdient to be assasinated
-James A. Garfield : assassinated
-William McKinley : shot twice and died
-Warren G. Harding : Heart attack, died on August 2, 1923
-Franklin D. roosevelt : collasped and died of Cerebral Hemorrhage
-John F. Kennedy : assassinated two rifle shots on November ,22 1963
Presidential Line of Sucession
First 5 steps :
The Vice President :Joseph Biden
Speaker of the House :John Boehner
President pro tempore of the Senate: Patrick Leahy
Secretary of State : John Kerry
Secretary of the Treasury: Jacob Lew
Current Vice President
Joe Biden is the current Vice President.
Powers of the Vice-President
-Supports the President's Agenda
-Head of the Senate where he casts the deciding vote in case of a tie
-Be ready at a moment's notice to assume the Presidency if the President is unable to perform his duties
-The duties of the Vice President, outside of those enumerated in the Constitution, are at the discretion of the current President.
Benefits of Vice President
-Salary : 231,900 per year
-They are awarded pensions based on their service in the U. S. House of Representatives or Senate. Vice Presidents must serve at least two years to receive a pension.
-He receives funding to help him ease the transition back into civilian life after he leaves Office.
-Full time dedicated Medical Team
-Has access to an office, airplanes, a residence, and two staffs.
- The Cabinet's role is to advise the President on any subject he may require relating to the duties of each member's respective office.
-They work together to advise the President.
-The Cabinet includes the Vice President and the heads of 15 executive departments — the Secretaries of Agriculture, Commerce, Defense, Education, Energy, Health and Human Services, Homeland Security, Housing and Urban Development, Interior, Labor, State, Transportation, Treasury, and Veterans Affairs, as well as the Attorney General.
15 Executive Departments
Independent Agencies and Gov. Corporations
Central Intelligence Agency:
an independent agency of the United States government responsible for collecting and coordinating intelligence and counterintelligence activities abroad in the national interest; headed by the Director of Central Intelligence under the supervision of the President and National Security Council.
National Security Administration:
A secret body established in the US after World War II to gather intelligence, deal with coded communications from around the world, and safeguard US transmissions. It coordinates and directs highly specialized activities to protect United States information systems and to produce foreign intelligence information.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration:
it is an independent agency of the United States government responsible for aviation and spaceflight.
Environmental Protection Administration:
It was created for the purpose of protecting human health and the environment by writing and enforcing regulations based on laws passed by Congress
-He is from Manhattan, New York City
-Education: Harvard University 1876-1880, Columbia Law School
-He was 42 years old when he took office
-Key Achievements: The United States and Great Britain sign the Hay-Pauncefote Treaty, He extended the Chinese Exclusion Act, established Crater Lake National Park in Oregon,signs the Newlands Reclamation Act,passes the Isthmian Canal Act, and many other acts. He solved may international problems.
Current Living Presidents
-George W. Bush
-William Jefferson Clinton
-George H. W. Bush
Department of Agriculture :
Supervises agricultural production to make sure prices are fair; helps farmers financially with subsidies and development programs; helps food producers sell their goods overseas; runs food assistance and nutrition programs. The USDA's inspection and grading programs make sure food is safe to eat. It was established on May 15, 1862
Department of Commerce:
Department of Commerce and Labor was created Feb. 14, 1903. On March 4, 1913, all labor activities were transferred out of Department of Commerce and Labor and it was renamed Department of Commerce. Promotes international trade, economic growth, and technological advancement; works to keep the U.S. competitive in international markets and to prevent unfair foreign trade practices; gathers statistics for business and government planners.
Department of Defense
It oversees everything related to the nation's military security; directs the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force, as well as the Joint Chiefs of Staff and several specialized combat commands; nonmilitary responsibilities including flood control, development of oceanographic resources, and management of oil reserves. It was established July 26, 1947
Department of Education:
Administers more than 150 federal education programs, including student loans, migrant worker training, vocational education, and special programs for the handicapped. The Department of Education took over many of the education programs previously managed by the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare and six other agencies. It was established on Oct 17, 1979.
Department of Energy :
It's responsible for the research and development of energy technology; energy conservation; the civilian and military use of nuclear energy; regulation of energy production and use; pricing and allocation of oil; sets standards to reduce the harmful effects of energy production. It was established on October 1, 1977.
Department of Health and Human Services:
It administers Social Security; funds Medicare and Medicaid; offers social services for poor families, Native Americans, children, the elderly, migrants, refugees, and the handicapped; oversees institutes dealing with mental health and substance abuse; works to control preventable and infectious diseases; conducts research on cancer, AIDS, child health, aging, and other issues; ensures the safety of the nation's food supply and tests and approves all drugs.
Department of Homeland Security :
Its job is to protect the nation against threats to the homeland.
Department of Housing and Urban Development :
It promotes community development; administers fair-housing laws; provides affordable housing and rent subsidies. It replaced Housing and Home Finance Agency and established in November 9, 1965.
Department of the Interior :
Protects the natural environment; develops the country's natural resources; manages national parks, monuments, rivers, seashores, lakes, outdoor recreation areas, and historic sites; oversees more than 400 wildlife refuges, research centers, wildfowl production areas, and fish hatcheries; supervises economic development and environmental protection of public land; helps Native Americans living on reservations. The Department of the Interior is also responsible for the following U.S. territories: the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas, the Trust Territory of Palau, and the Freely Associated States (Republic of the Marshall Islands and the Federated States of Micronesia). It was established in March 3, 1849.
Department of Justice :
Supervises U.S. district attorneys and marshals; supervises federal prisons and other penal institutions; advises the President on petitions for paroles and pardons; represents the U.S. government in legal matters and gives legal advice to the president and other members of the Cabinet; researches violations of federal laws; administers immigration laws.
Department of Labor :
Protects the rights of workers; helps improve working conditions; promotes good relations between labor and management. The Bureau of Labor Statistics tracks changes in employment, prices, and other national economic statistics.
Department of State :
Advises the president on foreign-policy issues; works to carry out the country's foreign policy; maintains relations between foreign countries and the U.S.; negotiates treaties and agreements with foreign nations; speaks for the U.S. in the United Nations and other major international organizations; supervises embassies, missions, and consulates overseas.
Department of Transportation:
Sets the nation's transportation policy. There are nine administrations within the department whose jurisdictions include highway planning, development, and construction; aviation; urban mass transit; railroads; and the safety of waterways, ports, highways, and oil and gas pipelines. Also supervises the Coast Guard, which is responsible for search and rescue at sea and the enforcement of laws that protect oceans and waterways from oil spills and other pollution.
Department of Veterans' Affairs:
Provides benefits and services to veterans and their dependents; offers pensions, education, rehabilitation, home loan guarantees, burial, compensation payments for disabilities or death related to military service, and a medical care program. It was established in March 15, 1989.
Department of the Treasury :
Reports to Congress and the president on the financial state of the government and the economy; regulates the interstate and foreign sale of alcohol and firearms; supervises the printing of stamps for the U.S. Postal Service; curbs counterfeiting; and operates the Customs Service, which regulates and taxes imports. The Internal Revenue Service, a branch of the Treasury, regulates tax laws and collects Federal taxes. It was estasblished on September 2, 1789.
Original Cabinet Departments :
-Post Office Department
-Department of War/Navy/Air Force
-Department of Foreign Affairs
-Department of Commerce and Labor
-Federal Security Agency
-Department of Health, Education, and Welfare
-Office of National Drug Control Policy
-National Military Establishment
-Central Intelligence Agency
“Mankind must put an end to war — or war will put an end to mankind. ” – John F. Kennedy
We need to put and end to fighting or if not it will destroy our people as a county.