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Growing Tensions Between the Colonies and the Britain
Transcript of Growing Tensions Between the Colonies and the Britain
Proclamation of 1763
To stop the fighting and to protect the colonists, Britain announced a law called The Proclamation of 1763.
The law said that Native Americans could have all the land west of the Appalachian Mountains and that settlers could not move there
The Quartering Act
The British government left thousands of soldiers in the colonies to protect the colonists after the French and Indian War.
The colonists were angry and furious about the Quartering Act. They didn't want to pay for British troops staying in the colonies.
The Stamp Act
The Stamp Act required colonists to pay a tax on printed papers like: newspapers, pamphlets, marriage licenses, and playing cards.
The colonists showed their anger in many ways, that it suprised the king and the rest of the British government. In March 1776, Parliament repealed the law. But Parliament let the colonists know that it still believed in its right to tax them.
The Boston Massacre
The colonists showed their hatred for the soldiers by making fun of their red coats. On March 5, 1770, sometime before nine 'o' clock, a crowd began to gather. They started to call them names and to throw them stones and snowballs. Captain Thomas Preston and seven other soldiers hurried to the guard's side and loaded their muskets. They began shooting; sadly five people layed dead or dying.Six more were wounded.
The Boston Tea Party
After the Boston Massacre, the British government repealed all of the unpopular taxes on the colonists, except the tax on tea. To save the tea company, Parliament passed the Tea Act in 1773. The act said that only British East Company could sell tea to the colonists. The colonists didn't like the fact that the law tried to force them to buy tea. So on December 16, 1773, a group of men dressed up as Native Americans and climbed aboard into the tea shipsin Boston Harbor. They dumped 90,000 pounds of loose tea into the water!! Afterward they called this incident the Boston Tea Party.
The Intolerable Acts
After the Boston Tea Party, Parliament decided to punish the colonists by passing several new laws. they were so harsh they called them the Intolerable Acts.
One law was that Boston Harbor was closed. And that trade ships were forbidden to enter or leave the harbor until the lost tea was paid for. Many workers lost their jobs. As a result people throughout the colonies promised to help Boston.
Britain announced a law called the Proclamation of 1763.
A new law called the Quartering Act passed by the British Parliament.
Time Line |------|
In 1765, Parliament passed a new tax law called the Stamp Act. In March 1766, Parliament repealed the law.
In 1770, the Boston Massacre starts.
In 1773, Parliament passed the Tea Act.
In 1774, Intolerable Acts start to happen.