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Chapter 5-6: DANCE
Transcript of Chapter 5-6: DANCE
STATES OF MIND- a further dimension that may be the subject matter of dance
-Are more enduring
- Involve feelings
Is a form of recreation and social enjoyment.
Ex. Country dances are a species of folk dance that has traces of ancient origins, because country people tended to perform dances in specific relationship to special periods in the agricultural year, such as planting and harvesting.
Dances of the Middle Ages and Renaissance
Participating in court dances signified high social status.
Favorite court dance of Queen Elizabeth in the 16th century included:
This dance had male dancers hoist female dancers in the air from time to time
The German Allemande-
couples held both hands, turning about one another without letting go
THE COURT DANCE
The origins of modern dance are usually traced to the American dancers Isadora Duncan and Ruth St. Denis who revolted from the traditional stylized movements of ballet.
Read pages 88-89
Alvin Ailey's Revelations
Read pages 93-94
innovative dance companies that perform around the world and throughout the US. Specialty involves placing moving bodies in almost acrobatic positions.
Pilobolus and Momix Dance Companies
People dance for MANY reasons.
Why do people Dance?
All dances can be categorized as one of the following:
Performed for Entertainment
There is a clear separation between the dancers
and the audience.
Examples include… ballet, modern, tap
Dance performed as part of ritual
Examples included… Shakers, celebration, ritual,
Native American Eagle Dance, Rain Dance
Dancing for FUN!
A.K.A. Social Dance
Examples include…folk, social dancing, aerobic dance
TYPES OF DANCES
Chapter 5 AND 6:
Do you think that Dance is the most successful art form in communicating or interpreting feelings? Why or why not?
These forms of dances have been kept alive through yearly festivals and contests.
How would you depict different states of mind through movement?
- Sadness -Joy -Loneliness
Isadora Duncan- insisted on natural movements, often dancing in bare feet. She wished to emulate early Greek dancers. Took more abstract subject matters than ballet, especially with moods and states of mind, and expression her own understanding of them.
Read pgs. 92-93
- Creator of what is known as the “Graham Technique” was interested in Greek origins and created dances on themes of Greek tragedies, such as her Medea
Ruth St. Denis
Mark Morris Dance Group
Read pg 94-95
Morris created the group because no other dance companies danced the style he wanted to dance
Through the 20th century styles of dance rapidly changed with each decade.
The early 20th saw the Charleston
In the 1930s and 1940s Swing and Jitterbugging became popular.
In the 1960's Rock dancing took over.
Disco became popular in the 1970's because of movies like Saturday Night Fever.
HISTORY OF DANCE
A late 19th century literary and artistic movement characterized by the expression of highly personal feelings rather than of objective reality
Use Nature as her source of inspiration.
1. Expanded movements
2. Changed costumes
"Contraction and Release"
Technique built on the breathing cycle of the body and its principle of contraction and release. Basically built on the process of inhaling and exhaling.
Doris Humphrey (1895-1958)
student of Ruth St. Denis that developed the “Fall and Recovery” theory.
1960’s Modern Dance reflected the social and political unrest of the decade. Traditional costumes were often discarded for everyday clothing or even nudity.
The 60s and 70s saw dance performed in non-traditional spaces such as museums, malls, parking lots, streets, and country clubs.
In the 1980s dance technique became more difficult and specific. Movements associated with sports or nondance activities were incorporated into choreographed pieces.
Choreographers and other artists began to collaborate with each other during the 80s to create shows.
1990s saw a decline in governmental funding of the arts.
Gymnastics and wrestling techniques were being incorporated into dances, as well as, elements such as tap dancing, rhythmical percussion, and folk forms. Ex. Stomp
Ballet was first performed in
France in the early 17th century.
Means "Complete Work"
Was orginally used between
scenes of Operas.
It is divided into two-three acts
with an intermission
All the basic positions require the dancers to "turn out" their legs and feet.
which takes years of training and practice.
Much of a ballet dancer's training takes
place at a "barre," which is the French word for "bar."
The bar is like a wooden pole. It is fastened horizontally to the wall about 38 to 45 inches above the floor. The dancers use the bar in many ways.
They place one leg upon the bar, by hooking their heel over it. Then, they can do stretching exercises. Sometimes, they stand with their side toward the bar, and hold the bar with one hand.
This helps them to balance as they do "plies," which are kind of like deep knee bends, or “releve” which is to rise to the balls of the feet as high as possible.
Plies are done with the back held straight.
The lady dancers, or "ballerinas," dance on their toes.
This is called dancing "en pointe."
A dancer is usually at least 12 years old before she begins to dance en pointe.
She then wears "toe shoes," which are stiff-toed slippers with ribbons that tie around the feet and ankles.
Lambs wool is put into the toes of the shoes to cushion the ballerina's toes.
Sometimes a foam pad is also worn on the toes.
Male dancers, simply called "ballet danseurs," always dance in soft-soled ballet shoes.
They do not dance en pointe.
The men must be in good shape to be able to lift the ballerinas into the air.
All ballet dancers wear "tights" on their legs.
They are like stockings and cover the entire leg.
A ballet usually tells a story.
There are some ballets that have been performed many times over many years.
Although the story of a particular ballet is the same, the actual dance is probably quite different each place you see it.
For example, "Swan Lake" is a famous ballet that has been performed all over the world. The story is always the same, but when it is done in different places it looks very different because it was "choreographed."
A choreographer is a person who plans each part of the ballet. They decide which steps will be used and how those steps will be put together.
For performances, the ballerinas wear "tutus,"
tutus are short (Classical Tutu), full skirts, often made of netting or satin material.
Sometimes, they wear a slightly longer skirt (Romantic Tutu), which flows gracefully as the ballerinas dance.
Ballerinas traditionally wear their hair in a bun, pinned high on the head.
And then in the 1990s Hip Hop
The dance steps taught so long ago in France are still used today.
Pretexts of the dance are based off of myths or legends
Pretext: underlining narrative of the dance (the storyline)
In a classical pas de deux, the opening section of partnering will be followed by the man’s “variation”.
A variation is a short dance within a longer work.
The pas de deux concludes with the two dancing together in the “coda”.
The coda is designed to show off the dancers’ brilliant technique.
The concluding pas de deux is danced by the leading dancers.
They are often excerpted from ballets and performed in concerts.
When a danseur and a ballerina dance together
it is called a “pas de deux”, literally, a dance for two- specifically a man and a woman.
The man supports and lifts the woman over the course of the dance. This is known as “partnering”.
Throughout recent years, ballet has been
popularized by being featured in several
movies over the past 10 years.
In many of the movies, Ballet has been
combined with other dance forms, such
a way to teach the coordination of music and body movements
the recording of body movements onto paper
Ted Shawn- co founder of the Denishawn helped to elevate the male dancer in the world
came from the German school of modern dance.
Believed dances should be
movement alone without
with no music. Works are
considered dark and somber.
Goals of Modern Dance:
1. Free the dancers creative spirit
2. Move away from the constrictions
3. Explore new expressions in art
Elements of Dance:
Space- Pathways, directions, and levels
Time- Tempo, duration, accent, beat
Force – Use of energy (tense/relaxed, smooth/sharp)
Movement- Locomotor (moving across space)/ Non-locomotor (moving in place)
Co-founder of the Denishawn dance company
with Tedshawn (who helped promote the male dancer)
Alvin Ailey Dance Company- Originally created spiritual dances using mainly African American gospel songs
Was concerned with self-expression; therefore her approaches to creativity were psychological and emotional.
She choreographed dances with no music and her style was described as dark and somber.
Twyla Tharp - was successful in adapting jazz music of the 1920s and 1930s to dance