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Tropical Rain Forest Biome
Transcript of Tropical Rain Forest Biome
Douglas Anderson and Sydnee Castrow Tropical Rain Forest Geography Temperature Plants Animals Madagascar is located in the West Indian Ocean, east of Mozambique, Africa.
It is 224,533 square miles (Or slightly less then twice the size of Arizona)
It can be seperated into 5 geographical regions:
1.The East coast
2.The Tsaratanana Massif
3.The Central highlands
4.The West coast
If you plan on travelling to the madagascar then there are many important things you need to know about the weather. The best time of year to go to this tropical rainforest may be from July to October. The temperatures are usually around 80 degrees Fahrenheit (30 degrees Celsius) with a little less rainfall from November to April. Tropical rainforests usually consist of moist, warm climates and get almost 100 inches (250 centimeters) of rainfall per year. So, make sure and bring a good rain jacket or umbrella and a pair of shorts because you will need it. You might want to avoid January through March because of the devastation caused by the massive amounts of rain and the risk of cyclones. Madagascar has many species of plants that are unique to it;
Some of these plants are:
Baobab Tree- Six of eight species are endemic to Madagascar.
Madagascar Palm Trees- 90% of Madagascar’s 170 palm species are found only in the Madagascar Rain Forest.
Didiereaceae Family- Entirely unique to Madagascar, consists of plants that are closely related to cacti. However, unlike cacti they grow tiny leaves.
Madagascar Orchids- There are 900 species of orchids in Madagascar.
This is most likely the most of any country. Pitcher Plant- One of Madagascar’s most famous orchids.
The Pitcher Plant traps its prey in the captivity of its cup and then eats it. The tropical rainforest of Madagascar has 5 vertical layers. The overstory, the canopy, the understory, the shrub layer, and the forest floor. Every single layer has its own set of plants and animal species The Overstory –Trees that can be up to 210 feet tall. These trees tower over the other trees that lie in the canopy layer.
The Cannopy- Also very tall trees. Have a dense ceiling of closely spaced trees and branches.
The understory- Made up of shrubby species and Juvenile trees that may only grow 5-20 feet high.
Forest Floor- Consists of tree trunks fungus and low vegetation. Madagascar A place for adventures.
A place with an abundance of life
A warm, yet wet land of mystery Come visit the Tropical Rain Forest of
TODAY! The East Coast consists mostly of lowlands that are created by sedimentation. Some prominet features are the Mascala Peninsula and the Canal des Pangalanes. The Tsaratana Massif is located in the north end of the Island. In this section of Madagascar lies the highest point of the island, rising up to a ropping 2,800 meters! This point lies north of the volcano, Montagne d'Ambre. The Canal des Pangalanes is a huge lagoon that is used for transportation and fishing. It runs up and down the coast, but is considered dangerous for swimmers and such because of the vast amount of sharks living in the lagoon. The Central Highlands contains mostly rounded hills, extinct volcanoes, sandy plains and many marshes. Its mostly defined by the jagged cliffs in the east and the gentle slope in the west. Even though the capital is located in this part of Madagascar. One of the more prominent features is a valley going north to south. Lake Alaotra is the largest body of water in Madagascar The West Coast is fairly indented and offers protection from storms and such. It is also the most visited part of Madagascar because of its many bays and harbors An example of a beautiful bay in Madagascar The Southwest is inhabited by the Antandroy people. The Antandro people were seperated into five states by the French people. Most of them live in a desert like area, but some live on the Coast. Those who live in a semidesert are small farmers, while coastal peoples are mostly fishmen. The Most common animal in Madagascar, are lemurs! Here are some common species of lemurs found in Madagascar:
* Brown Lemur
* Safaka lemur
* Ring-railed Lemur Other animals located in
* leaf gecko
* green gecko
* hermit crab
* bats The Dangers of Being a Animal in Madagascar:
* The Species of Lemurs are endangered both because habitat destruction, and because superstitious humans kill some species, such as aye-ayes.
* The Animals have a very fragile ecosystem
* Animals cannot cope very well after a wildfire, which are always at a high risk