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Present and Past; Simple and Progressive
Transcript of Present and Past; Simple and Progressive
Simple and progressive Looking at the board Simple Past Simple Present: The simple present says that something
was true in the past, is true in the present,
and will be true in the future.
It expresses general statements of fact
and general truths. It also expresses
habitual or daily activities. Examples: Cats like milk. He eats lunch Examples: Verbs In past the verb varies, we have regular verbs and irregular verbs. Examples: Past Continuous also indicates that a longer action in the past was interrupted. The interruption is usually a shorter action in the Simple Past. The world is round. The film starts at 2:00 PM I wake up at 8:00 AM every Sunday I take a shower every day The present progressive is formed by combining the verb "to be" with the present participle. Simple Past indicates that an action,
activity or situation started and
finished at a specific time in the past. It can also be used for actions
taking place one after another action
in the past. I watched TV yesterday. I played soccer last Sunday. I listened to music this morning. He came in, took off his coat and sat down. When I was having breakfast, the phone suddenly rang. Regular verbs are verbs whose past tense ends in "ed". verb + ed There are verbs whose past tense does not follow any certain rule, this are known as irregular verbs. Past Progressive The past progressive tense
indicates continuing action,
something that was happening at
some point in the past. This tense is formed with
the helping "to be" verb,
in the past tense, plus the present
participle of the verb She was talking to her friend
during lunch. I was riding my bike all day
yesterday. I was walking down the street
when it began to rain. I was working at my office
when you called. Sometimes the past progressive is used in both parts of a sentence when two actions are in progress simultaneously. While I was studying in one room of our apartment, my brother was having a party in the other room. While I was doing my homework, she was watching TV. With most verbs, the third person singular form is created simply by adding -S. However, with some verbs, you need to add -ES or change the ending a little. Here are the rules: She is reading. He is driving. He is sleeping. They are dancing. They are singing. Some verbs are rarely used in progressive tenses, they describe states, not actions. ("states" are conditions or situations that exists.) I think you are nice. (opinion) The food tastes good. (State) I am tasting the food. (action) Examples; I am thinking about that problem. (action – considering)