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Psychology - skills programme

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by

Nicola Brady

on 5 May 2016

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Transcript of Psychology - skills programme

What have we learned today?
Psychological Skills
What are we doing today?
Continue to work on task 3 of your psychology portfolio
You should now have a good idea of what type of techniques/skills you want your athlete to work on in order to improve their areas of psychological weakness.
Know and understand what we mean by the term psychological skills
Discuss various psychological skills and how they may impact sporting performance
Following on from last weeks 'needs analysis' and psychological tests, consider what psychological skills to work on with your athlete
6 Week training programme
What are the 3 main categories that psychological skills fall under?
How can we assess the psychological skills of an athlete?

Why is having an understanding of psychological strengths and weaknesses important?

What are the 3 main methods we can use to assess someones psychological skills?
Recap from last week
Look at your needs analysis from last week and familiarize your self with the assessment methods that you used and the conclusions that you made

Make sure you have highlighted at least one area of weakness for your athlete that you think they need to improve from a psychological perspective
What is the point?
Think about all the times you have heard an athlete being interviewed after they have lost a game and they have talked about losing focus or cracking under pressure.

At some point in their career an athlete will suffer from some form of lack of mental preparation or make an unlikely mistake.

This is why psychological skills training is important.
When assessing an athletes psychological skills what do we need to consider?
Within the 3 main categories of psychological skills there are specific things that can be done to enhance an athletes psychological skills and abilities
Why is motivation important?
Goal setting has been shown to enhance performance in athletes across age ranges and abilities.

It has also been shown to create positive changes in anxiety, confidence, and motivation.
Q- Why do we need to set goals, how can they help with motivation?
Q- What are the problems with goal setting?
Goal Setting
Psyching up Techniques
Psyching up techniques are frequently used to increase motivation and arousal levels.
Q- How can Psyching up techniques help with motivation?
Q-What problems can psyching up techniques cause?
Watch the following video clip and pay attention to what is being said and how it make YOU feel

Q - What do we mean by arousal control?

Q - Why do athletes need to control their levels of arousal?
Think of theories we have covered to help explain this…
Imagery refers to ‘mentally’ picturing an event as vividly as possible with the intention of duplicating that event.
The aim of imagery is to enhance performance by seeing the desired outcome through mentally rehearsing it.
Imagery can also be used to run through game plans and strategies to help increase arousal levels.
Imagery
Q - What issues might occur when using imagery?
Relaxation
Some sports require athletes to be extremely relaxed before executing a skill or technique.
Q- What sports might these be?
Q - Why might using relaxation techniques such as breathing control & mediation help?
Pre-performance routines
Some athletes have specific pre-performance routines to go through before a competition to help them focus their attention and increase arousal.
Q - Have you ever used pre performance routines or do you know anyone who does?
Self talk
The main focus of self talk is to convince yourself that you are good enough to play or perform well.
Positive Thinking
This is usually used alongside other techniques such as self talk.

It is used to increase the athletes confidence
Q - What are the two main ways we can improve:
Motivation
Arousal Control
Self Confidence
You now need to start planning you psychological skills training programme for your athlete.

Remember to consider the following:
What type of skills/activities you want your athlete to do
How often you want them to practice
When & where you want them to practice
Remember if you attempting M4 or D3 criteria you must...

M4 -
Explain
your six week training programme.

D3 -
Justify
the design of the six week training programme
Task 3
P7
- Plan a six-week psychological skills training programme to enhance performance for a selected sports performer

M4
– Explain the design of the six-week psychological skills training programme for a selected sports performer

D3
– Justify the design of the six-week psychological skills training programme for a selected sports performer, making suggestions for improvement.
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