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Georg Simmel : The Tragedy of Culture
Transcript of Georg Simmel : The Tragedy of Culture
Georg Simmel: Biography
He was born on March 1, 1858 in Berlin, Germany.
Simmel lost his father when he was an infant. A family friend was appointed guardian of Simmel. This guardianship secured a financial future for Simmel.
Simmel wrote on a wide variety of subjects that crossed disciplinary boundaries. He was a popular lecturer among students and also drew international attention to his work.
Together with Max Weber and Ferdinand Tonnies, Simmel founded the German Society for Sociology.
Simmel published more than 200 articles and 30 books.
Despite some success and his wealth of knowledge, Simmel was not able to obtain a permanent academic position until later in his lifetime.
In 1914 Simmel become a professor at the University of Strasbourg. World war I erupted shortly after and the University was turned into a war zone.
Gerog Simmel died at age died at the age of 60 of liver cancer.
In Simmel’s own words, society “is not a “substance,” nothing concrete, but an event: It is the function of receiving and affecting the fate and development of one individual by the other”(Simmel 1917/1950:10,11 ).
Lines of Credit
Normalization of credit use
Individual overpowered by the economy
Tragedy of Culture
Simmel argues that modern societies allow individuals express their own unique talents and interests, while at the same time leading individuals to a tragic form.
Simmel argues that the tragedy of culture comes about when the objective culture comes to dominate the subjective culture of the individual. In other words, the tragedy of culture occur when the individual’s will and self-development become submissive to the product of its own creativity.
In modern society, this occurs when new innovations or inventions take a life of their own outside of the creator and confront the creator as an autonomous force, this results in the submission of creator to its own creation.
In theory, the advances made by the use of information technology are only one side of a dual reality. Simmel’s theory on the tragedy of culture is concerned with the unintended reality of society.
The use of information technology is intended to promote and encourage competition among businesses. Although, larger corporations can manage to compete across the economy, the small local businesses cannot survive among the big competitors.
Information technology allow companies to outsource their production of goods. This allow companies the opportunity to find the lowest cost for production. Consumers also benefit with affordable pricing from these companies. As a consequence companies are able to outsource their production of goods and copanies are able to avoid regulatory laws, many of which protect the worker and their environment.