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Skeletal System

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by

Edith Lucia Lopez

on 4 May 2015

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Transcript of Skeletal System

Function
Provide structural framework and protection of internal organs
Axial Skeleton
vertebral column
Appendicular Skeleton
shoulders
Types of bones
long
Skeletal System
There are 2 divisions
Axial skeleton
&
Appendicular skeleton
skull
ribs
sternum
arms
hands
hips
legs
feet
short
flat
irregular
Spongy and Compact bone
Spongy
center
of short and flat

ends
of the long bones
Compact
Surroundings
Bone Marrow
red
yellow
produce
red blood cells (erythrocytes)
white blood cells(leukocytes)
platelets(thrombocytes)
store fat
The body can convert between yellow and red bone marrow
-anemia
-heavy bleeding
Ossification
Cartilage -> Bone-forming cells(osteoblasts)
Bone Remodeling
Osteoclasts-> break down bone cells
REPAIR
Joints
limited movement
back and forth
rotation
widest range of motion
side to side ¬& back and forth
no movement
Diseases
osteoarthritis
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Sprains
Osteoporosis
simple fractures
compound fractures
stress fracture
BONES TO KNOW
Full transcript