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Transcript of the Bolsheviks
let's take a closer look.
We've all heard of socialism and communism.
socialism- everyone will produce exactly what's needed for exactly who needs it.
communism (in the Marxian sense)- a classless, stateless and oppression-free society
Socialism is the path, communism is the destination.
But who started it there?
What country normally comes to mind?
Birth of the Bolsheviks
In 1903 the Russian Social Democratic Party split into two after disputes about how the Party should be run. One side was supported by Julius Martov and they were called Mensheviks (meaning minority.) The other side was to be named the Bolsheviks (meaning majority) and was led by Vladimir Lenin. The split became official in 1912.
The founder of the Bolsheviks, organizer of the October Revolution, and first leader of the Soviet Union.
An important member of the party, very close to Lenin, headed the Revolutionary Military Committee
Very much a secondary figure during the October Revolution, but gained Lenin's attention as a close ally, became very powerful and led the Soviet Union upon Lenin's death
In Lenin's own words, the Party "found power lying in the streets and simply picked it up." The Revolution on November 7th consisted of an armed, yet nearly bloodless, insurrection of the provisionsal government led by the Bolsheviks with the help of the Petrograd Soviets. Lenin believed the transfer of power from the provisional government to his Party must be in a more militarized form rather than voting on it. There were more anti-Bolsheviks than Lenin would have liked but the result was still a triumph. The "October Revolution" set the example of the ongoing use of enforcement by the Party through all the steps to reach Socialism.
During Russia's involvement in World War I, the country was torn apart. The economy was turned upside down and corruption defined the government. After the Tsar abdicated, people were willing to turn to any new sort of system that had any glimpse of hope. At first the Bolsheviks weren't too popular, but their slogan, "Peace, Bread, and Land. All Power to the Soviets!" gained great attention especially to industrial workers and peasants.
How it Relates to Animal Farm
In case you hadn't guessed, the "Bolsheviks" in Animal Farm were the pigs.
Old Major- His ideas represented political economist Karl Marx, as well and leader and founder Vladimir Lenin.
Snowball- The pig who basically won "control" after the Rebellion. He stood for Leon Trotsky. Just like Trotsky was exiled in 1929, Snowball got expelled from the farm.
Napoleon- Stalin was the figure behind this character. Military force (the dogs) was used to implement his power. Napoleon emerged more devious than Snowball.
Squealer- The pig who abused words to justify Napoleon's actions. He represented the Russian media.
Battle of Cowshed- This battle symbolized the October Revolution and the war between the Tsar forces and the Bolsheviks. In the book it was the return of Jones and his men. The Bolsheviks (pigs and the animals) were the red army and any anti-Bolsheviks (most humans) made up the white army.
By Annie Lewis
After Lenin's death, Stalin, along with two other men, led the country and acted against his enemy Trotsky (who could have easily replaced Lenin). Stalin had Trotsky, along with the two other men whom he turned against, exiled. He soon beat out all his rivals. By his 50th birthday in 1929, Stalin had successfully regained Lenin's position and was the sole leader of the Soviet Union.
Lenin wanted to...
Take power to create a "dictatorship of the
proletariat" to achieve Communism.
Extend socialist ideas and methods among the industrial workers and
Eliminate all non-socialist thoughts, especially bourgeois ideas.
Recreate a world based on communist ideas.
In 1918 the Bolshevik Party called themselves the Russian Communist Party. Soon after that, the Party had to fight a civil war against anti-Bolsheviks in the white army. In 1922 Lenin and his Party had a firm grip on the (now) U.S.S.R.