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Hawaiian vs. Greek
Transcript of Hawaiian vs. Greek
Mythology taught important bases of their world
Many temples were built, and many rituals were a big part of daily life
acts against the gods were so serious, death could follow
Pele and Zeus, the two bosses, both harmed the earth when angered
Contains contributions from many other religions
Gods were seen as more imperfect, with many faults
Has influenced more of modern-day life
Passed down through a written language.
Many architecutal feats were established as recognizition for the gods
Involved inner spiritual energy
Many dances with non-violent rituals
A very unique culture, isolated from the rest of the world.
Gods had a direct connection to ALL natural weather, esp. water, volcanoes, and the sun
Mythology was passed down orally, and through dances
Hawaiian vs. Greek
the Greek Religion
a body of myths and teachings belonging to the Greeks
Major Greek Deities
Zeus: God of Sky and Thunder; king of gods
Poseidon: God of the sea
Hades: God of the underworld
Athena: Goddess of wisdom and crafts
Hera: Goddess of marriage and family
Demeter: Goddess of the harvest
Artemis: Goddess of the hunt and moon
Greek Religion's Impact
The Greeks' religion had a large impact on today's world, the same way they impacted their own world, so long ago.
Myths of the Greek Gods were important to the Ancient Greeks because they taught culture, the way their ancestors lived, and the origin of the world.
Titanomachia was a war of Zeus and his brothers, sisters, and other titans who disliked Cronus’s rule fought against Cronus and his brothers the titans.
Temples were important because they housed the god that protected and stabilized the community and the god was shown in form of a statute that took the main space of the temple.
Greek gods worshipped as a deity ruling different parts of the peoples lives
Gods’ stories were a form of entertainment
Impact on their Society
The 12 major gods were honored with stone temples, statues, and sanctuaries.
The city-states would perform festivals and rituals for the main god of the city (ex: Athena for Athens)
Acts against the gods would be considered heresy, or a punishable act
Like most civilizations, priests had much authority over the community
Every meal began with a sacrifice for the gods
Battle scenes, hunting scenes, and portraits of gods and heroes were often shown on pottery pieces
Many statues would be made both for and of gods, like the Athena Parthenos
Impact on Today's World
1. Greek mythology’s impact can be seen in science, arts, literature, modern-day language, and everyday life:
Science was progressed through competition the scientists thought themselves as natural philosophers (pre-socratics) competing with neighbors to find non-supernatural answers to natural phenomenons. (ex.:Aristotle, Thales, Plato, Archimedes, Hippocrates, Euclid, ect)
Arts were progressed through events and breakthroughs. Greek architectural designs, mainly through columns, are seen in almost every important building in the USA (i.e. White House, Pantheon, the Lincoln Memorial, ect)
Literature was progressed through the usage of a phonetic alphabet, which lead to keeping records more easily, especially myths of gods, goddesses, demigods, and humans.
Started the Olympics, because it was to honor the gods through competition
2. In Renaissance art, English poems, movies, songs, commercials, the Bible, Shakespeare works and films mythical Greek elements have been used helping the entertainment industry.
3. Today, things such as professions, titles, cities, planets, constellations, products, etcetera come from gods’ and goddesses’ names.
4. Greek gods, goddesses, and pegasus can been seen on seals, stamps, badges, coins, constellations, paintings, statues, ect.
Apollo: God of the sun, music, poetry, and healing
Aphrodite: Goddess of love
Hermes: Messenger of the gods
Persephone: Queen of the underworld and spring
Hephaestus: God of blacksmiths
Dionysus: God of wine
Ares: God of war
The Hawaiian Religion
Major Hawaiian Deities
Haikili - god of thunder
Haumea - goddess of birth
Hiʻiaka - goddess of hula and daughter of Haumea
Hina - goddess of the Moon
oonKahōʻāliʻi - god of underworld
Kalamainuʻu - lizard goddess
Kāmohoaliʻi - shark god
Kanaloa - complementary power of Kāne
Kāne - highest of the four major Hawaiian deities
Hawaiian Religion's Impact
The Hawaiians' religion has changed today's world, the same way they impacted their own world, long ago.
Impact on their Society
Impact on Today's World
Compare and Contrast
Now that we have familiarized ourselves with both religions, it's time that we look closely at the similarities and differences
Hawaiian Myths and Legends
Tell stories on nature and life are on broad ideas such as betrayal, loyalty, birth, and death include gods, men, ghosts, and goblins
Are used to explain many unknown concepts such as the creation of the world and the lava that flows through volcanoes
often caution people of unknown dangers
Were passed down from generation to generation through stories and chants
Followers had to abide by the kapu akua, or laws of the god
Breaking the kapu akua led to serious punishment or death in the religion
Followers believed in mana, or spiritual energy that flowed through objects and things
Chiefs were thought to have more mana than others while kauw (untouchables) were thought to have none
Believers worshiped many gods and goddesses looking for blessings
Temples were used for worship
several different temples such as the hieau ,temples dedicated to hula, and luakini ,large,ornate temples, existed
Kahunas, or spiritual leaders, per-formed rituals in appropriate temples to gain guidance and blessing from the spirits
Kū - god of war
Lono - god of agriculture
Lona - Moon goddess
Kuula- fish deity
Nāmaka - sea goddess and sister of Pele
Nuʻakea - goddess of milk
Pakaʻa - god of the wind
Poliʻahu - goddesses of snow
Pele - goddess of wind, lightning and volcanoes
Wākea - sky father
Examples of Legends
The Legend of the Menehune
The Legend of the Night Marchers
The Legend of Nanaue the Shark Man
The Legend of Kamalo and the Shark God
The Legend of Ka'ena Point
The Legend of the Ghost Sisters of Hilo Hills
The Legend of Puna and the Dragon Goddess
The Legend of Punahou
The Legend of Greedy Chief Hala'ea
The Legend of Keanahaki and the Fish
The Legend of the Hog God
The Legend of the Man-Eating Spirits of Ni'ihau
Myths that tell stories of nature and life
Many people worshiped daily at temples
Human sacrifices were made to please the spirits
Influenced the social system, making chiefs at the top, as they were thought to contain a holy spirit, or mana.
Shortened supplies, as many were dedicated towards building temples and places of worship for the gods.
Influenced food and dance: dances were dedicated to the gods, or made to please them. Food was cooked for religious feasts. (sometimes)
A common 'subject' almost, as people were sometimes judged on their skills to please their/the gods through dancing, artistic skill, music, cooking, ect.
Breaking the kapu was considered an act of heresy, and punishable by death
Huna is a Hawaiian belief system recognized as a form of Hawaiian religion, with exotic magic for healing and destruction. It became very popular during the 1930's.
Hawaii attracts many tourists, partially due to its unique culture and religion
Totem, or tiki, poles are very popluar
Carving techniques, for statures and canoes have evolved and migrated to become very well-known and well-used
Hula dancing has become very popular, along with their amazing grass skirts, the lei, ect.
Examples of Myths and Legends
Stories about greek gods and goddesses that they believed in
The myths have been passed orally then later written down through many years
The stories with natural phenomena can not be explained by the science in the world
They include gods, titans, heroes, kings, villains, nymphs, mythological creatures, and giants.
Icarus and Daedalus
Eros and Psyche
Helen of Troy
The Trojan Horse
King Midas and the Golden Touch
The Sun Chariot
Zeus and the Great Flood
How Aphrodite Started the Trojan War
Atlanta and the Golden Apples
The 12 Labors of Heracles
Sacrifices were made to please the gods
Built temples and places to worship the gods
Acts against the gods were considered a heresy
Held religious festivals/feasts to honor the gods
Gods were aligned with nature and physical Earth movements
The gods represented different things
How they pleased the gods were in different forms
The religious festivals/feasts included different foods and activities to represent the gods
How the Greek and Hawaiian religions impacted the world was very different
The legend and myth topics were on different things Hawaiian focused on nature and life Greeks focused on their teachings