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Animal Farm: Literary Devices
Transcript of Animal Farm: Literary Devices
Imagery is the term for when the author uses words or descriptions using the senses to convey a message or feeling.
Irony is a literary device generally used for humour, where the language used means the opposite of what is said or done.
A hyperbole is an exaggeration of a statement.
Foreshadowing in a novel is to be warned about a future event or issue.
Madison Bush, Malika Lightbourne, Queen Trapp, Michael Bookert
"He repeated a number of times, 'Tactics, comrades, tactics!' skipping round and whisking his tail with a merry laugh." (Chapter 5, Page 58)
This is imagery because Squealer whisking his tail and laughing shows that he is happy and that tactics are good. The animals, seeing Squealer whisking his tail, would make them think that nothing is wrong and that he is telling the truth.
"Twelve voices were shouting in anger, and they were all alike. No question, now, what had happened to the faces of the pigs. The creatures outside looked from pig to man, and from man to pig, and from pig to man again; but already it was impossible to say which was which.” (Chapter 10, Page 141)
This is imagery because the pure image of the pigs sitting around a table, with humans, drinking wine, and acting exactly like humans, shows the animals and the reader just how far gone the pigs really are from their animalistic nature.
It was about this time that the pigs suddenly moved into the farmhouse and took up their residence there.” pg. 66
“And a moment later, out from the door of the farmhouse came a long file of pigs, all walking on their hind legs.” pg. 133
Foreshadowed the change back to the animals still not being in control, except the pigs.
1. The Pigs acting like humans.
“Without saying anything to the others, she (Clover) went to Mollie’s stall and turned over the straw with her hoof. Hidden under the straw were a little pile of lump sugar and several bunches of ribbon of different colours.” pg. 46
Foreshadowed Mollie leaving the farm, and not fully taking part in the rebellion.
2. Mollie's attachment to ribbons.
Symbolism is when an object, person, or situation has another meaning other than its literal meaning.
“It was about this time the pigs suddenly moved into the farmhouse and took up their residence there.” (Chapter VI)
The farmhouse symbolizes the division of power, who ever stays in the house is over the farm (Mr.Jones then Pigs)
1. The Farmhouse
“...Napoleon had never been opposed to the windmill on the contrary, it was he who had advocated it in the beginning.” (Chapter V, pg. 22)
The windmill shows the manipulation of the pigs and how they are making this windmill for themselves.
2. The Windmill
“Silent and terrified, the animals crept back into the barn. In a moment the dogs came bounding back. At first, no one had been able to imagine where these creatures came from, but the problem was soon solved: they were the puppies who Napoleon had taken away from their mothers and reared privately. Though not yet full-grown, they were huge dogs, and as fierce-looking as wolves. They kept close to Napoleon. It was noticed that they wagged their tails to him in the same way as the other dogs had been used to do to Mr. Jones.” Chapter 5, page 21.
This is irony because the original rules of the farm stated that none of them are supposed to adapt the ways of humans.
“We are born, we are given just so much food as will keep the breath on our bodies, and those of us who are capable of it are forced to work to the last atom of our strength; and at the very instant that our usefulness has come to an end we are slaughtered with hideous cruelty.” pg. 6-7
Old Major really wanted to get his point across that humans are lousy and ungrateful, so that the animals would be more willing to partake in the rebellion.
1. Old Major's Speech
“His two slogans, ‘I will work harder’ and ‘Napoleon is always right,’ seemed to him a sufficient answer to all his problems.” pg. 61
No one is always right one hundred percent of the time. It’s easier for Boxer to think this though. It really shows how loyal he was to Napoleon. He never questioned whenever something changed on the farm, because apparently, “Napoleon is always right”.
2. Boxer repeating the same saying about Napoleon over and over.
“Mr. Pilkington had referred throughout to ‘Animal Farm.’ He could not of course know — for he, Napoleon, was only now for the first time announcing it — that the name ‘Animal Farm’ had been abolished. Henceforward the farm was to be known as ‘The Manor Farm’ — which, he believed, was its correct and original name.” page 53-54
This is also irony because the animals change the name of the farm from Animal Farm back to Manor Farm, despite the animals being in charge