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Brazilian Revolution 1820's
Transcript of Brazilian Revolution 1820's
1807: Napoleon sent French army to Portugal, setting off a chain reaction.
Portuguese royal family fled to Brazil and ruled their country from a distance. Brazil's status changed to Kingdom
Brazil makes economic leaps
1820: King forced back to Portugal where a new Constitution is written
Brazil's status changed to colony Brazilians wanted to remain Kingdom, but new Portuguese parliament denies this request, leading to political agitation
The King's son (Dom Pedro) declared Brazil's independence on Sept. 7th, 1822, following his father's advice. The Constitution Originally, Brazil was an empire, with Pedro as the Emperor. The constituents wanted a liberal democracy, while Pedro wanted to hold a moderator power, so that the Emperor would have power to veto any decision made by the Legislative. Pedro ordered his army to invade the Assembly, and the members were arrested and exiled. Pedro then assigned ten Portuguese Party members to write the constitution, which was completed on March 25th 1824. Brazilians didn't like being part of the Portuguese colony, or the taxes imposed by Portugal.
They had been given hope by the results of the American Revolution. Mainly, Brazil did not want to return to its status of territory again, they wanted to remain a kingdom, so they declared independence from Portugal. Brazilian exports increase
Portuguese is native language of Brazil
Richer Brazilian economy
Dom Pedro gained legitimate power
Brazil was now free to have its own laws and government
There was less sugar
Short period of suffering in Brazil upon gaining independence Joao VI was the prince regent of Portugal but later became king of Portugal and Brazil.
His son, Pedro I inherited the crown and declared Brazil's independence. He established himself as emperor.
General Jorge de Avilez was a Portuguese general in Brazil who fought AGAINST revolutionaries. Dom Pedro the 1st And Places
Portugal was connected obviously Dom Joao VI Brazilians did not wish to return to a status below kingdom, and were united almost unanimously in their yearning for independence.
Portugal was a European country with interests in Latin America, and therefore was the counter revolutionary force in this revolution, as they did not want Brazil to be free. Mostly, this revolution was peaceful.
Britain and Portugal recognized Brazilian independence by signing a treaty on August 29, 1825. Until that point, Brazilians feared that Portugal would resume attacking.
Portuguese "revenge" came in a financial form. Secret parts of the treaty required Brazil to pay 1.4 million pounds of sterling owed to Britain and compensate Dom João VI and other Portuguese for losses totaling 600,000 pounds sterling.
Brazil also renounced future incorporation of Portuguese African colonies, and, with Britain, promised to end the slave trade.