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Transcript of Residential Schools
Complete the KWL chart on your desk by answering the following questions:
What do you know about residential schools?
What do you want to know about residential schools?
The 1st thing you are going to do is....
What do you know about residential schools???
Did you Know...
150,000 children attended residential schools and 50,000 of them died inside the schools?
Children were forced to attend the schools and were therefore taken away from their families
The last residential school was closed in 1986
Since children were not allowed to practice their traditions at the schools, they eventually lost their sense of culture.
Abuse & Resistance
There are 3 different types of abuse that Aboriginal children faced at the schools. They are:
students were humiliated in front of their peers
Students were NOT allowed to speak their language. How would you feel if I said you weren't allowed to speak English??
The school curriculum was based on eliminating any desire to be "Indian"
The government and churches of Canada planned to Christianize the Indians and Assimilate them into main stream society.
The last residential school closed in 1996.
After watching the next four videos, fill out the chart on Residential School Media
Write a journal response that reflects on these questions:
What is your impression of Residential Schools?
what are some of the things that Native children experienced?
What was the goal of the schools?
By show of hands, how many of you know what residential schools are?
Aboriginal people did not practice the same way of life as the dominant society and were therefore labelled as "uncivilized." Traditions such as powwows, potlatches, smudging and sweat lodges were deemed as heathen and were banned. The government wanted to prevent these traditions and way of life from happening. In order to make the culture disappear, the government began forcing Aboriginal children to attend residential schools.
In Canada, schools are usually considered to be a safe place
THAT IS ONLY 16 YEARS AGO!!!
How did residential schools affect Aboriginal Communities???
Once students left the residential school, they headed back home only to discover that they were strangers in their own communities
First Nations students felt foreign in their own communities when they returned home. Aboriginal graduates had lost all previous connections at residential school.
Since students were punished for speaking their Native tongue,most of them were no longer fluent in the language when they returned home.
They could not communicate with some of the people on the reserve because they no longer spoke the language
Since the students were gone for such a long period of time, they no longer knew anyone in the community.
Some of the students struggled to adjust to the Native way of life.
Many survivors left the reserve and headed to the city in search of a new life.
There were survivors that decided to live on the reserve, however the trauma of residential school affected their life and others around them. Many of the survivors dealt with abuse. Once they started their own families, the abuse was passed down to their children.
Some couldn't cope with the pain and turned to drugs or alcohol in attempt to forget their past experiences.
Of course this did not solve any of the problems. Instead, what needs to be done in order to heal?
Survivors MUST talk about their experiences at residential school in order to heal from the past.
Aboriginal communities are greatly impacted from the results of residential schools, but now that survivors are beginning to speak, the community can begin to heal together and push for a better future.
Residential School Apology
The apology issued by Stephen Harper was a step forward for a positive relationship between the Canadian government and Aboriginal people; however, there are still several human rights that are currently being violated.
Idle No More!