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School to Prison Pipeline

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Ann Wootton

on 12 March 2013

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Transcript of School to Prison Pipeline

Roll call; introduce panel members
Discussion of purpose in meeting & key concerns
Break-out Groups
Re-group and Share Findings; decide on key strategies for addressing the crisis
Discuss strategy for Public Policy Hearing
“The ‘school-to-prison pipeline’
refers to the policies & practices
that push our nation’s schoolchildren, especially our most at-risk children,
out of classrooms &
into the juvenile & criminal justice
(ACLU, 2008) Students of color
Students with disabilities
Queer youth (especially Queer youth of color) How does this pipeline begin? For example, through No Child Left Behind Severe punishment for even minor behaviors

Higher rates of suspension & expulsion
Often a lack of due process when it comes to suspension & expulsion (ACLU, 2008)
Minorities are often punished more harshly in schools (Wald & Losen, 2003)
Easier to try juveniles as adults since 1992 (Wald & Losen, 2003) Means more
school-based arrests,
often for nonviolent offenses
(ACLU, 2008) Not enough resources in schools
& Not enough funding
(ACLU, 2008) Pressure on schools to produce
high-performing students Zero Tolerance
Policies Many schools
are using police now
instead of teachers to discipline Who is the pipeline
particularly likely to affect? What are
the Statistics? 6,430 total arrests on Chicago Public School properties in 2010 (Kaba & Edwards, 2012)
In 2010, 74% of school based arrests were Blacks & 22% were Latinos (Kaba & Edwards, 2012)
In 2008-2009 CPS school year, 25% of black male students were arrested at least one time (VOYCE, 2011)
Young men more likely to be arrested than young women in schools What happens
when adolescents
do get involved in the
juvenile court system? Many do not have lawyers
Juvenile detention facilities often lack good education services & there is a lack of coordination between the juvenile justice & school systems (Wald & Losen, 2003) What can be done
to keep kids
out of this pipeline? Increase adolescents’ commitment to school Change consequences
for misbehavior in schools Put more supports in place
for kids who do get
suspended or expelled
so that they can catch up
when they
come back to school Obtain funding
for more resources,
teachers, etc. More communication
between the educational & juvenile justice systems so that kids can be successfully reintegrated into the educational system when they get out of
juvenile detention Commitment to school (as defined by feeling part of and cared for at school) is a protective buffer against risk factors for violence (Wald & Losen, 2003) End zero tolerance policies
Address racial disparities in school punishments
Use more restorative justice (Kaba & Edwards, 2012) Costs of the Crisis
(VOYCE, 2011) $67 million spent on
security efforts in
Chicago Public Schools
per year

Far greater than funds spent on career & college services
or any other service provided
to benefit students 71% of Chicago students arrested in school eventually drop out

In 2010, 14.7% of
male high school dropouts aged 18 to 34
were incarcerated
(Chen, 2011) Federal funding for CPS
is dependent on
enrollment & attendance rates
which are directly impacted
by harsh disciplinary actions

$370 million lost in revenue
for CPS during
2009-2010 school year
as a result Financial costs to society
when students drop out
of high school
(Chen, 2011)

Estimated $70,000
per individual
during their working years
is lost rather than generated
in revenue Cost of education
per student per year
in Chicago:

Cost of incarceration
per juvenile per year:
$76,095 What does all of this
mean for adolescents? “An estimated 70 percent
of the juvenile justice population
suffer from learning disabilities,
and 33 percent read below the fourth grade level.

"The single largest predictor of later arrest
among adolescent females
is having been suspended,
expelled, or held back
during the middle school years”
(Wald & Losen, 2003, p. 11) Adolescents
who are suspended
can fall behind with schoolwork
& also are left with a lot of free time & not many constructive extracurriculars;
they are more at risk
for dropping out
once they return to school Students who are expelled are sometimes sent to disciplinary alternative schools Disengagement & dropouts
can lead to kids becoming involved
in juvenile justice system Lack the same accountability standards as typical schools
so that when students return to these schools, they struggle to catch up...
They are more likely
to get locked up again Student
Perspective Youth led campaigns
in Chicago
& campaigns incorporating
youth opinion such as
Voices of Youth in Chicago Education
(VOYCE) & the High HOPES
(Healing Over the Punishment of
Expulsions & Suspensions) Campaign
illustrate that students are not in favor
of harsh disciplinary measures

This includes students that
have not been directly subject
to these sanctions Youth
want a chance
to be heard
& understood Youth
want school environments
that welcome students
& encourage learning Youth feel that
harsh sanctions &
removal of students from school are not effective
youth are in favor of
restorative justice
practices “I don’t really feel safe with security,
because even though they’re around
there’s still people getting jumped or hurt
in the bathrooms or lunchrooms.
I’ve seen people get into it with security guys.
If you have some kind of outside relationship w/them, they’ll have your back,
but if not, you get in trouble.”
Jonathon, high school junior
(VOYCE, 2011) Youth do not feel safer
with the extensive
security measures First
Panel Meeting Media
Strategy Adult allies; those who support the missions of the organizations involved in the panel
Youth leadership
Concerned community members, parents
Local policy-makers
Key players in the local criminal justice system
Potential opposers/skeptics
Board of Education & school leaders Media
Strategies Target Groups Letter-writing
Radio appearance, advertisements
Appearance on local news stations
Article/advertisements in local newspapers
Social Media
Twitter account, Facebook page and event
Local performances
Youth-led, in schools and afterschool programs
Other "organic" advertising strategies
Organizations in panel can announce & e-mail to their organizational supporters
Word of mouth Samantha Allweiss
Kelly Forster
Holly Harkrider
Jenna Kraft
Claire Ruberg
Leticia Wallace
Ann Meredith Wootton School-to-Prison
Pipeline Policy Hearing Purpose:
to bring the issue to the larger community, create a dialogue between invested parties, and share panel's plan of action

1. Bring Issue to Broader Community
2. Review Panel strategy to solve the issue
3. Explain needs going forward
4. Highlight ways the community can get involved Invitees Open to the broad community,
specific invitations to the following:

Elizabeth Dozier - Principal of Fenger High School
Arthur D. Bishop - Director of IL
Dept of Juvenile Justice
Robert Spicer - Illinois Balanced & Restorative Justice
Rahm Emmanuel - Mayor of Chicago
All Members of the Chicago Board of Education
All Members of the Chicago Public Schools Dept of School Safety & Security
All Members of the original panel Location & Agenda Location: Fenger High School

Youth leaders of original panel to testify on panel discussion and products of meeting
Elizabeth Dosier will speek on Fenger & the progress there
A delegate from the Chicago Public Schools Department of School Safety and Security will provide a counter-point
Robert Spicer will speak on Restorative Justice Cradle to Prison Pipeline
Panel All throughout communal space:
LuchArte - youth art
“PIC Is” zine &
PIC Teaching Collective Zines
Rebel Diaz - graffiti mural
Comm org tables Call to Circle Blocks Together
(Ana Mercado/youth)

Fearless Leading
by the Youth (FLY) (Darrius) Southwest Youth Collaborative (SWYC)

Young Women's Empowerment Project (YWEP) Voices of Youth in Chicago Education - (VOYCE)

Chicago Freedom School/Fellows
(LaTony & youth)

Immigrant Youth Justice League (IJYL) LuchArte
(Anderson Chaves)

Circles & Cyphers

Rebel Diaz - Rebel Diaz Arts Collective (Chi/Bronx) - Rod Starz Teachers for Social Justice & Social Justice High School
(David Stovall)

Grassroots Curriculum Taskforce
(Anton Miglietta) CeaseFire
(Eddie Bocanegra)

(Violence Prevention Initiative)
(Mike Rodriguez) Kenwood Oakland Community Organization (KOCO)
(Jitu Brown)

(Yasmin Nair) Community Justice
Youth Initiative (CJYI)
(Ora Schub)

Alternatives, Inc.
(Lewis Wallace) Kuumba Lynx
"Sirens" Youth Leadership
How youth are fighting back
against C2PP? Project NIA
(Mariame Kaba)

PIC Teaching Collective (Erica Meiners) Adult Allies
(*youth facilitated - by BT & VOYCE)
How adult allies stand in solidarity w/youth
fighting back against C2PP? Panel
Recommenations Educate the public about the prison industrial complex

Advocate for increased funding for restorative justice programs/removing policemen from schools

Push for culturally relevant educational models Publicize
the Hearing Local News Stations Local Prisons, Jails
& Rehabilitation Programs Local community organizations
& groups which work with
youth who were
Target policies that allow juveniles to be tried
within adult courts

End mandatory minimum sentences

Stop juvenile
life without parole

Improvements in the education system within juvenile prisons/detention centers Invitation to do a
brief report on the event, what the outcomes were & who attended

Allows for
broad exposure Partner with
to connect with community regarding getting
the word out Interviews
for news station Talk Radio Ability to reach
large scale audiences

Would reach out to
several news stations,
popular media stations
for large reach Record
the Hearing Attendees sign in
information kept
to distribute a
“meeting minutes” of
what took place at the event

Hopes that this would
create community buzz, recognition,
&awareness Documentary/short film which could be edited and distributed out to attendees

Partner with organizations with media/technology teams to assist us in the creation of a video Allow news stations to record to publicize segments

Discussions around aim/angle of the hearing Group Members
Record Forum Advocacy Other Important
Advocacy Efforts Celebrating
as a Group Potluck meal:
sharing our favorite dishes

Celebrating each
group member’s efforts
by talking about
what we have appreciated
about every person Youth-Driven
Celebrations Celebrating
Small Victories:
Utilizing Social Media Publicizing through
Twitter, Facebook,
& blogs Poetry Slams
Art Shows Celebrations Agenda: What is the
school-to-prison pipeline?
Full transcript