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Elephants

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Sonya Smith

on 28 October 2013

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Transcript of Elephants

African Elephants
African Elephants live in warm climates. They live in the rain forests of central and West Africa, Mali's Sahel desert and all around sub-Saharan Africa. They are found in tropical forests, savannas, open woodlands, wet marshes and grasslands. African Elephants live close to water and areas where there are lots plants. When the dry season comes, the elephants can travel up to 100 km to find water and food.
Habitat
Predators
African elephants have no natural predators. However, when an African elephant is weak, sick or injured, it becomes prey to many animals such as lions, tigers, hyenas and crocodiles.
What we can do to
help
People can help the African elephant by understanding that taking away the elephant is cruel and harmful for our planet. Also we should not buy products made from ivory They are important to keeping their ecosystem healthy for other living organisms.Taking out an animal will affect us in the future.
Conservation
African elephants are the largest land animal. Males can weigh up to 6300 kg and females can weight up to 3600 kg.
They have the largest brain of any land animals
They have excellent memories
The hearts can weigh up to 21 kg.
The trunk is an extension of their nose and upper lip. It is used for grabbing, breathing, feeding, dusting, smelling, drinking, lifting, communicating, and defense.
The ears of the elephant are about one sixth of the size of the body.
They have 26 teeth, including the tusks
The male tusks can weigh up to 80 kg
The female tusks can weigh up to 20 kg

Characteristics
what a baby elephant looks
like :)
the trunk contains about 100,000 different muscles
an adult elephant can eat up to 300 pounds in a single day
African elephants walk on their tiptoes
Elephants can sneeze
The African elephant will use either their left tusk or right tusk just like a human is left handed or right handed
Did you know that:
Cool facts
African Elephants have many adaptations to survive in their habitats.
Adaptations
An elephants food chain is:

Sun - plant life (leaves, roots, fruits, grasses and tree bark) - elephant (primary consumers) - lion/tigers etc
Vision
The eyes of an elephant are about 3.8 cm long. They have long eyelashes because it helps keep away blowing sand and dirt away from their eyes. They have 3 eyelids. The eyelids protect they eye when feeding, bathing and when they roll in the dirt.
The number one predator to African Elephants are Humans. Humans have been killing elephants for hundreds of years. They kill them because they want their tusks
which are made out of ivory. Humans are also killing the elephants because they are taking their land away. The elephants are losing their habitats because humans want to build homes, businesses and stores.
Predators
The African elephant is an endangered species. A long time ago there use to be 3 to 5 million African elephants on this planet. In the 1980s about 100,000 elephants were killed each year because of their tusks. Now there are many laws protecting the elephants and it is illegal to kill elephants for their tusks. However, humans are still killing them. Many elephants now live in protected areas, but poachers still come in and kill them.
African elephants are herbivores. This means that they only eat plants (producers) and they are 1st consumers.
I hope you enjoyed my presentation on African Elephants
Food Chain
African elephant tusks are sharp and curved. This helps them to dig up roots underground to eat.
Tusks
African elephants play an important role in their ecosystem because they create new grasslands and forests by eating the plants and trees. Every time they eat a plant, the seeds of the plants don't digest in their stomachs and come out when they go to the bathroom. The seeds eventually grow into new plants. Elephants also dig holes with their trunks, and the more they dig, they find ground water and this provides other living organisms with water.
Ecosystem
Elephants have large ears because they act like fans in the warm weather and this helps them cool their body temperature down. Also they are used to swat annoying insects away. African elephants will flap out their ears when predators are near to make them look bigger.

The elephant's ears help them focus on different sounds in their environment. This is good because they can hear if predators are coming or if their babies are in trouble.
Ears
Their trunks are long and flexible because it helps them reach high places to get food in trees. They also use their trunks to spray water on themselves on a hot day. This helps them cool off in their hot habitat.

Their trunks are so strong that it can hold many different objects at once and can lift heavy objects too.
Trunk
African elephants have a unique foot that allows them to walk on uneven grounds and swampy grounds.

African elephants have large feet because it helps them feel shaking and vibration on the Earth. This is important because it can help them stay safe and protected from earthquakes.
Soles Of Feet
African elephant skin is not thick, but in some places it can be up to one inch thick. Behind the ears and on its stomach the skin is as thin as paper. The purpose of the elephant's skin is to keep it cool.

The skin on the elephant is covered with wrinkles. The wrinkles help keep the heat away.
Skin
Elephants use all parts of their bodies to interact with each other. The trunk is used the most to touch and sense objects or other living organisms. The trunk is used as a way to touch, take care of there young, slap or block when it feels threatened.
Sense of Touch
Full transcript